Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory

Urie Bronfenbrenner has created a theory that affected a multitude of studies regarding childhood development and family relationships. His approach incorporates a broad focus that ushers researchers to take into account five different levels of systems, including meso-, micro-, macro, chrono-, and exosystems (Guy-Evans, 2020). They influence each other, resulting in unique development paths that cannot be viewed from a generalized point of view (Guy-Evans, 2020). Bronfenbrenner’s theory enables a thorough analysis of a child’s character throughout the ages, which is critical for social workers, teachers, and specialists alike. I understand this theory as a framework for analyzing underlying reasons behind a child’s current behavior by reviewing a gradually expanding range of environmental factors.

The importance of Bronfenbrenner’s theory lies in its adaptability to each unique situation and new evidence. Understanding how changing environments affect a child’s mental health and overall development can reveal underlying notions stemming from family or outside communities, such as peers, that profoundly impact a child (Merçon‐Vargas et al., 2020). For example, reviewing external layers of systems can reveal patterns promoted by outside sources and affect a child’s behavior (Merçon‐Vargas et al., 2020). As a notion of a community continues to expand, a person’s circle of influence starts to rapidly expand from an early age, putting studies of a child’s engagement with their environment as the highest priority (Navarro & Tudge, 2022). In conclusion, Bronfenbrenner’s theory clearly shows many factors that affect a child’s development. It gives a structure to one’s experiences, allowing a specialist to review each source of influence alone or in conjunction with adjacent factors that modify one’s perceptions.


Guy-Evans, O. (2020). Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory. Study Guides for Psychology Students – Simply Psychology. Web.

Merçon‐Vargas, E. A., Lima, R. F., Rosa, E. M., & Tudge, J. (2020). Processing proximal processes: What Bronfenbrenner meant, what he didn’t mean, and what he should have meant. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 12(3), 321-334. Web.

Navarro, J. L., & Tudge, J. R. (2022). Technologizing Bronfenbrenner: Neo-ecological theory. Current Psychology. Web.

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PsychologyWriting. 2023. "Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory." July 15, 2023.

1. PsychologyWriting. "Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory." July 15, 2023.


PsychologyWriting. "Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory." July 15, 2023.