Organizational Behavior Essay Examples for Free

Organizational Behavior Essay Examples for Free

Shopping Addiction: An Experiential Journal

Summary Shopping has become a part of my daily activities because it triggers emotions such as happiness. I love the addiction because the smell of new products significantly impacts my happiness. I frequently shop because it helps reduce negative feelings such as anxiety, stress, and depression. Marketing messages have become...

Skinner’s Ideas of Culture Based on Human Behavior

Introduction Many theorists have created a society and culture based on human behavior, and there have even been attempts to reproduce their ideas in practice. They are making the world a better place with techniques like these many worried behaviorists in the 20th century. Thank to Skinner’s Walden Two and...

Theory of Planned Behavior in Changing Behavior

Behavior is characterized by actions and manners performed by people, animals, systems, and other entities in a compound with their environments or themselves. Besides, it may include activities related to another object and interaction between the actor and the surrounding environment. Various sociological, social, and psychological theories attempt to explain...

Guiding Children’s Challenging Behaviors

The guidance procedures that are in place in my center are mainly focused on teachers’ responses to children’s challenging behaviors. For example, if a child engages in inappropriate behavior, including physical aggression, teachers are expected to respond respectfully and calmly and explain what behavior is acceptable and what is not....

Mental Disorders in the “Finding Nemo” Film

In Search of Nemo is a 2003 American computer-animated adventure film. According to the plot, a curious Nemo fish went to look for mysterious coral reefs one day. However, soon he was caught and placed in the aquarium of a Sydney dentist. Determined to find his missing son, his father...

Efficacy of Mind-Body Therapy in Children With ADHD

Advantage of Mind-Body Therapy Over Other Types of Therapies When it comes to the methods of treating ADHD in children, mind-body therapies have proved to provide a multitude of potential benefits. I believe that these needed to be explored more thoroughly and brought to the patients’ attention since that might...

Yoga as a Non-Pharmacological Intervention for Children With ADHD

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) presents significant challenges in management because of the varied cases among patients and differences among strategies that help relieve the disorder’s symptoms. As suggested by Shrestha, Lautenschleger, and Soares (2020), while there is a pharmacological approach toward the disorder’s management, non-pharmacological interventions aimed at children have also...

The Risk-Taking in Children: Reasons and Effects

Adolescents tend to have more risky behavior than adults, which is why they are usually considered ungovernable or even dangerous. There are many examples of such behavior, which often leads to conflicts and negatively influences children’s well-being. In my opinion, while children are prone to risk, it is not their...

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Depression

Treatment of psychological disorders requires the application of additional methods that might help with the physical state of people and their mental well-being. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is one of the strategies used in current practice that focuses on the role of humans’ habits and obsessions and allows them to solve the...

Emotional Intelligence and Leadership

Emotional Intelligence (EI) is the ability to have compassion, sympathy, and emotional participation for members who are involved in an organization. Company executives or leaders who apply this ability are more resilient to risk management crises, as they are more competent and flexible in decision-making processes. This practical aptitude can...

Weekly Routine and Stressors: Nutrition Education and Behavior

Time Activity Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday 6-7 AM Work Out CX Burn 1 Outside Track Workout Run/Jog Yoga CX Burn 2 Run/Jog Circuit class at the gym CX Burn 3 8-9 AM Breakfast Vegan Chocolate Shakeology Eggs with veggies Oats with chia seeds and berries Vegan Chocolate...

The Behavior Intervention Support Team’s Goals

Introduction The Behavior intervention support team (BIST) is a problem behavior intervention plan that aids in replacing maladaptive behaviors with target behaviors. BIST intervention was invented by Cornerstone care to assist teachers, parents, and caregivers to helps students become emotionally intelligent and develop coping mechanisms that limit the occurrence of...

Phineas Gage’s Input to Somatic Marker Theory

The contribution of Phineas Gage to the development of biopsychology cannot be underestimated. The accident that happened to him revealed crucial information on the influence of frontal context on high-order functions. In addition, the examination of his case prompted exploration on the brain function localization and contributed to elaborating the...

“The Power of Habit” Book by Charles Duhigg

People have two divergent views on what a habit is; specifically, one of the most debatable questions is whether it rules human decisions or is ruled by them. Practically, the vast majority could probably give examples of both situations where the behavior was apparently automatic and those where someone rejected...

Theories of Change Within Human Behavior

Freudian perspectives within psychology host two approaches to change within human behavior. Primarily, Freud proposed the idea that personality is developed in an individual’s childhood in a number of stages, and not advancing through these steps led to the impediment of one’s personality and identity. However, the manifestation of change...

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Psychological Theories

Maslow Hierarchy of Needs American psychologist Abraham Maslow wrote a paper titled “A Theory of Human Motivation,” which proposes human decisions are dependent on their psychological needs. Maslow outlined that there are five essential needs that do form the basis of human behavioral motivation. These needs are safety, self-actualization, love...

The Rule Utilitarianism: Milgram’s Experiment

Rule Utilitarianism is a form of utilitarianism that holds that an action is right once it conforms to a rule that leads to the greatest good. From Milgram’s point view, the aim of subjecting people to the experiment was to learn the degree to which ordinary citizens are obedient to...

Childhood Disciplinary Challenges: An Interview

James and Judy are two early childhood teachers at a kindergarten school and have different views about the disciplinary issues with the kids. James suggests that challenging disciplinary behaviors ascends as a condition that not only disrupts classroom management and organization but also impacts the kids’ development and learning destructively....

Obedience to Authority: Milgram’s Experiment

Introduction Milgram’s experiment is a fascinating study of human nature, the willingness to follow a leader while violating generally accepted principles and rules. The purpose of Milgram’s experiment was to understand why in World War II the inhabitants of Germany were so cruel to the prisoners of concentration camps. Stanley’s...

Researching of Reinforcement in Psychology

In behavioral psychology, reinforcement is defined or perceived as a consequence that is applied to strengthen an organism’s future conduct whenever that conduct seems to be preceded by a particular antecedent stimulus. In addition, positive reinforcement is regarded as one of the most efficient methods of teaching an individual or...

The Risk, Need, and Responsivity Model in Criminology

The Risk, Need, and Responsivity (RNR) model is widely used in criminology to assess the risks and needs posed by sex offenders and determine the environment in which they should be placed. The basic principle is the risk, according to which “intensity of correctional interventions must be matched to the...

Behavioral Perspective Theory: History and Critique

The behavioral perspective in psychology is also frequently referred to as behaviorism theory. The behaviorism theory originates from a 1913 article, “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It,” written by American psychologist John Broadus Watson. In his education, Watson primarily studied philosophy but then transitioned into psychology and studies of animal...

Mapping and Application to Health Education for a Smoking Patient

Introduction Bandura’s social cognitive theory (SCT) is among the interpersonal models that find multiple applications in healthcare and behavior change interventions to promote patients’ well-being. The theory was proposed by Bandura to display the links between human behaviors and their determinants, including a person’s environment, personal-level factors, and cognitive or...

Suicidal Behavior Management: Values and Beliefs

Introduction Suicide is the act of intentionally taking causing one’s death. Suicide is a huge public health issue that affects people all around the globe. An estimated 0.8 million individuals die by suicide each year throughout the world, and an even more significant number of people make suicide attempts (Yasuma...

The Phenomenon of the Deviation

Introduction Whether a person engages in deviant behavior or not is predefined by society and the norms that dominate it. Thus deviation is an act or behavior that violates social norms. However, while such behavior might be either intentional or unintentional, deviance might have long-term effects on an individual’s self-image....

Approaches for Treating Depression

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is a type of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and one of the most effective approaches for treating depression. However, there are other types of therapies that use similar techniques to achieve results. It should be noted that, more often than not, similar therapies have a more...

Decision-Making Process Structure

Scientists can define a human being by their physical characteristics. People who are able to behave sensibly decide on which decisions to make or not to make. The decision-making process mirrors people’s values that lead them to decide on what steps to preempt to solve any controversial issues (TEDx Talks,...

Motivational Interviewing Goals and Components

Various researchers emphasize different components of a motivational interview. The spirit of motivational interviewing is based on three elements: collaboration of a social worker and a patient, evocation or encouraging patients to provide personal reasons to change their behavior, and a focus on the patient’s autonomy as only patients have...

Mental Practice in Areas of Life

Mental exercises can be beneficial for overall performance and improved ability to concentrate and deal with difficult taks. Although they are not as effective as physical activities, the research found that mental work can substantially contribute to achievements in various fields, such as sport, music, medicine, and others (Toth et...

Operant Conditioning and Reinforcement Scheduling

Operant conditioning is a type of learning process based on association of certain behavior with negative or positive result. The positive, or desired result, is called reinforcement, whereas the negative result is punishment. The stimulus can be either added or removed based on the aim of the training person to...

“Finding the Strength to Fight Our Fears” by Ahwal

Terry Ahwal’s personal essay discusses the dangers of fear and the importance of controlling it to avoid the harm it can cause. The author supplements her call for overcoming fear with deeply moving personal examples from her life in the Middle East and the USA. Yet while the general point...

Dealing with Autistic Kid Tantrum Challenges

Summary Profile Tait is an intelligent young boy in elementary school. Multiple challenges are making it difficult for Tait to succeed in all aspects of development. The major problems facing Tait include autism spectrum disorder which he has battled since he was two years old. This makes it difficult for...

Deviant Behavior Related to Stress and Strain

Introduction Deviant behavior poses a threat to society, so scientists still elaborate on new theories explaining its origins. In their research, Antonietta Curci and Romy Greco found that strain and stress are factors leading to inner-directed forms of deviant behavior such as substance intake and gambling supplemented by negative emotions...

Deviant Behavior, Crimes, and Justice: Perceptions and Reflections

Nowadays, there is a variety of sources providing information about deviance and crime. I usually get information about these issues from TV programs, specialized YouTube channels, publications in social media, and websites. Deviance describes any conduct, trait, or belief that breaches social norms in a certain society or group. Deviance...

Bad News: Case Study Henry Lai

Introduction This situation describes several problems and a few bad news e-mails that Henry Lai receives. It is rather challenging to determine one common problem of these letters; after all, not all the problems voiced in the situation resulted from this person’s guilt. However, Henry Lai still had several errors...

Reducing Depressive Symptoms and Suicidal Tendencies in Adolescents

Introduction Adolescence is a delicate and exploratory time in life. These formative years are instrumental in a young person’s mental, physical, and emotional development. The implications of technological advancements within the cyber world have had a growing negative impact on this specific age group. Constant interaction defines this generation as...

Patient Experience of Illness and Self-Transformation

The instances in which people choose to lie to themselves due to the presence of social conditioning and pressure typically slip under the radar. However, considering these situations closer is important in order to discover the ways of self-improvement and, ultimately, a path to a better and happier life. In...

The Role of the Emotional Intelligence in the Communication

Communication Emotional intelligence (EI) is one’s ability to effectively and correctly perceive, manage, and regulate emotions, and to use that information to handle interpersonal relationships judiciously. EI is embedded in culture, and according to Mohammed (2018), culture affects people’s perception of what constitutes intelligence behavior. The capacity to properly regulate...

Speech Story: How to Live before You Die

Steve Jobs presented a memorable speech that has been used for academic purposes for several years. At the commencement speech at Stanford, Jobs (2005, 0:04:58- 0:05:16) narrates his story and says, “Of course, it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was...

Analysis of Safeguarding Tendencies

Introduction During the historical development, many theories and practices have arisen regarding human psychology. One of the basic books is the Bible, while theories put forward by modern and historical authors often gain and lose their popularity. One of the well-known theories is the theory of the tendencies of human...

Nature vs. Nurture in People’s Lives

The debate about nature and nurture is one of the most important controversies associated with human life. On the one hand, human behavior is determined by natural factors: genes embedded in them. Based on this, they acquire certain character traits and inclinations that affect all areas of life. On the...

Learning Theories and Their Practical Application to Behavior Change

Albert Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory Learning, according to Bandura, involves more than merely a shift in attitude. Learning is the acquisition of knowledge and the development of conduct based on that knowledge (Basri et al., 2020). Bandura believes that the challenge of thought phenomena is overvalued or only partially studied,...

Appropriate Team Dynamics for Productive Group Meetings

Groups and meetings are events which are mainly created by individuals to put in efforts together and work towards achieving the same objective. Group work and meeting are only effective when the group members and the group leaders follow the required guidelines for a successful meeting. In the case of...

Analysis of Albert Bandura’s Arguments

There are lessons that people can learn from history, especially from states: harmful effects of dehumanization during wartime and aggression in the bipolar world. In this paper, I will demonstrate these lessons using studies of Vietnam and the Cold Wars through the prism of Albert Bandura’s theory. Albert Bandura is...

Behavior Modification Strategies in Diverse Settings

Introduction There are multiple benefits to studying behavioral psychology at a professional level, including the opportunity to evaluate and even design behavior modification (BM) strategies that would be effective across diverse settings. As a commonly used treatment approach, BM finds extensive use in self-management and relationship regulation in the family....

Readjustment After Military

Military to Civilian Life Transition While military service is demanding and challenging, reintegration into society and civilian life also poses challenges. According to Parker et al. (2019), 27% of veterans say that re-entry was difficult for them. Emotionally traumatic experiences in the army contribute to poor quality of life after...

Resilience: Developing and Maintaining

People face numerous challenges and difficulties throughout life. Hence it may be crucial to develop a proper, systemic approach to coping with problems. Establishing resilience in order to overcome life difficulties may be the key to problem-solving. There are several steps that may contribute to the achievement of that goal....

Article Review: “Why Good People Do Bad Things?”

Many studies have put forward arguments that the state of mind of a normal person can be easily altered following the underlying scenario in which the individual is subjected (Dittmann 68). Human beings tend to behave differently to enable their survival within a group of people or in society. Flexibility...

Introduction to Learning and Behavior

The main ideas of the passage: Improve in studying habits. Improve in romantic relationships. Understanding eating disorders. Overcoming fear of spiders. Experiments on animals usually make students bored and uninterested in studying them. However, aspects derived from these experiments can improve studying habits and romantic relationships. Also, help people to...

Operant Conditioning: The Best Method to Extinguish Procrastination

Almost everybody sometimes feels dissatisfaction with somebody or even their behavior. As for me, I often postpone important things that should be done as soon as possible. Procrastination is that kind of unfavorable behavior that I would not mind extinguishing. I suppose that in that case, reinforcement would be more...

The Case Formulation Approach to Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

Learning Cognitive-Behavior Therapy The third chapter by Wright, Basco, and Thase (2017) discusses the strategies for assessing patients to decide whether they are suitable for cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). Furthermore, the authors present the elements that help one to initiate and plan CBT for individual patients. In the first part of...

Fundamentals of Psychology: Changing Behavior

A person’s behavior affects how they appear in society’s eyes and how it reacts to them. Proponents of the concept of behaviorism believe that the human body begins to behave in a certain way because it was forced to do so. The behavior that I would like to change is...

Sensitization, Habituation, and Classical Conditioning

The theory of learning requires the analysis of the correlations between stimuli and reactions. The understanding of these connections helps to identify their role in human life. Sensitization, habituation, and classical conditioning are the learning processes that help to explain human behavior. Sensitization is the learning process associated with the...

Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts

With the innovational advancement in spacecraft and observational technology, there is a growing demand on the cosmonauts resilient to stress and adaptation challenges. Notwithstanding, there are different stages with comparing objectives which incorporate adjusting towards the new space climate, setting productive work systems or schedules, planning for the Mars arrival,...

A Book Review on Analyzing People by Katherine Chambers

Communication is an essential aspect of human interaction, as evidenced in modern societies. Analyzing people is vital for enhancing social cohesion and objective conflict resolution among individuals. As a result, this discussion presents a review on practical mechanisms of analyzing people by Katherine Chambers. The book How to analyze people:...

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is a kind of treatment presented by Albert Ellis during the 1950s. It is a methodology that causes you recognize unreasonable convictions and negative idea designs that may prompt enthusiastic or social issues. He alludes that not actuating occasion but individual conduct and musings lead...

Communication Apprehension and How to Reduce It

Introduction Communication apprehension refers to the fear and anxiety experienced by a person when they communicate with someone else or a group of people. It is a psychological response to the stress that comes when addressing people, and since the body perceives this communication as a stressor, it responds with...

The inefficiency of Punishment for Shaping Child Behaviour

Psychological progress entered everyday life and the humanitarian attitude to the upbringing of children was shaped, but some people still regard infliction as an appropriate disciplinary measure. I strongly disagree with this archaic approach and, as a parent, I would never intend to punish my child, meanwhile, I find using...

Social Cognitive Theory of Posttraumatic Recovery

The Case Formulation Approach This reading presents the concept of case formulation in cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) and explains its importance as well as its main elements. In the beginning, Persons (2008) describes the scheme on which every case formulation is built. Such elements as assessment, case formulation and diagnosis, treatment...

Cognitive Therapy in Biblical Context

Cognitive therapy is a specified form of psychotherapy that is based on the notion of the interdependence of human thoughts, feelings, and behavior. It also means that some mental illnesses and psychological problems derive from wrong thinking and reasoning as well as stereotypes that can change people’s perception of the...

Applying Psychology and Its Concepts to Daily Life

Among the many concepts in psychology, few are applied in my everyday life. They are based on Freud’s psychoanalysis theory of how the mind works, including how they influence experiences (Moccia et al. 1). The events in my life shape how I behave and feel; hence, it is essential to...

Cognitive Strategies of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

During this week, special attention should be paid to work with automatic thoughts as a part of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). The task of a therapist is not only to identify cognitions that determine human behaviors but also to modify them, following specific rules and schemas. Wright, Basco, and Thase (2017)...

Anthony Giddens’ Model of Structuration

The theory of structuration proposed by Anthony Giddens offers perspectives on the varied human behavior based on the synthesis of agency and structure effects. The structuration model asserts that human action’s capacity is influenced by different facets of the society, such as the robust, stable societal structures and an individual’s...

Supervisory Model: Cognitive Behavior

The cognitive behavior supervisory model allows working with patients on two distinct elements – their cognition and behavior. They learn how to identify a problem and develop a strategy for addressing it. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) became one of the most commonly used forms of supervision in psychotherapy. This approach allows...

Managing Behaviour in Young Children

Introduction It is hard to disagree that there may be various challenges while parents raise their children, and they need to be fully aware of the ways to make this process more comfortable and correct. One such issue that can make parents confused and ask professionals for help is child...

Stress as the Main Cause of Students’ Academic Failure

Being an inefficient learner is one of the fears that most students have once they start their academic progress. However, for most students, this fear becomes comparatively manageable as they learn to build a skill set needed for adequate management of school tasks. Nonetheless, some students fail to gain relevant...

The Notion of Stress as Both a Biological Process

Introduction The notion of stress is familiar to probably all people of the modern world. People experience stress on a daily basis. They face various situations that provoke stressful feelings and rise of emotions. The word “stress” is usually associated with something negative. However, stress is not always about something...

The Motivation Processes in Human Life

Motivation is a special feature attached to psychological, cognitive, and behavioral areas in the life of a human being. Motivation is a “driving force that compels an action towards a desired goal in life, and psychiatrists argue that motivation is an impulse that optimizes a person’s well-being by minimizing physical...

Conflict Handling Styles and Change Theories

Introduction Conflict denotes hindrances between people or groupings of individuals that have dissimilar objectives, ideals, anticipations, and rationales. Conflicts normally occur at the personal, group, and organizational levels where competition, in addition to personal achievement, is emphasized more than interdependence. In a conflict, it is normally easy to determine the...

Deviance and Crime in Colleges and Universities

Abstract Studies indicate increased deviant behavior among college students particularly, the newly admitted students. In fact, deviant behavior among the college fresh students has remained a major concern for educational institutions. The determination of the causes and impacts of the behavior would increase the understanding of the behavior and enable...

Mood Disorder: Depression and Bipolar

Abstract Perfect health is desirable, but those who can claim to be perfectly healthy are scanty. Conditions such as the bipolar disorder ensure that the balance that is necessary for perfect health remains elusive. It is a condition that characterized by alternating patterns of depressed and elated moods, which make...

The Work of Kübler-Ross’ Grieving Process and the Stages of Grief

Comparing and contrasting grieving models Waldrop (2007) defines grief as a complex response to loss or death. The grieving process is characterized by psychological, emotional, and social distress. Death is an unavoidable phase of life and everyone has to experience grief at some point. Brosche (2007) indicates that grieving among...

Model to Guide the Grieving Cycle

Introduction Psychologists have conducted numerous studies to develop the most appropriate model to guide the grieving cycle. Grief is an emotional process that is associated with the loss of loved ones or property that has sentimental value. According to findings from psychological researchers in the past, it is essential for...

Crisis Intervention – Learning to Live With Unresolved Grief

Bereavement The term bereavement is defined as a time of sorrow, especially after the demise of someone close such as a spouse. It is an impartial state of deprivation that usually occurs as a result of death, and is commonly escorted by grief. There are two types of bereavement; include...

Personal Loss: Bereavement and Grief

Grief and bereavement are responses to personal loss. According to Witcutt (2006), “personal loss results from the death of a person or after losing something precious”. There are different behaviors, thoughts, emotions, and feelings that come with grief (Young & Dowling, 2012). Although grief is an emotional response to loss,...

Compassion Fatigue: Caring Too Much Hurts

Professional Caregivers also need to care for themselves. This is to avoid the occurrence of compassion fatigue, a condition that is characterized by chronic stress resulting from excessive blaming to bottled-up emotions. Professional caregivers have the responsibility to deal with this condition, which should be done by developing a mechanism...

Destructive Behaviour Prevention

Introduction Human health is a very important aspect of human development from birth till his/her death. From research carried out in North America, it has been found out that the health statuses of various people vary and are dependent on aspects such as economic well being, social aspects and gender...

Assessment and Management of Challenging Behaviors

People with challenging behaviors need utmost care and understanding. These help a lot in making them fit in the community. It is noteworthy that when these individuals are not well taken care of they end up being a nuisance to the community. Most importantly, the response of those around them...

Conflicts: The Role of Apology and Forgiveness

Trust in a Team Any leader should be worthy of trust in the team. Sometimes this can be quite difficult, but it is a necessary success factor, especially when making changes to the work. To be a source of trust, people sometimes need to work hard. For this, it is...

Generosity Motivating Factors and Wellbeing

Generosity is described as a virtue of giving out liberally without anticipating payback. In religion, this aspect has been regarded as a way of life-enhancing a person’s daily life (well-being). Research has shown generous people as having happier lives and living more pro-social lives. It is also true that helping-out...

Stress: Curriculum, Curricular Divisions and Writing Strategies

Introduction There is an argument that strain or stress is the major cause of criminal promotion. He develops the theory of stress and strain to include various causes of stress or strain. Agnew brings about three kinds of strain that cause deviance: these include the failure to attain positively valued...

Primal Leadership With Emotional Intelligence

“Emotional intelligence is the innate potential to feel, use, communicate, recognize, remember, describe, identify, learn from, manage, understand and explain emotions” (Bradberry, 2009). Emotional intelligence is vital particularly in management and leadership because it helps ease the management of one’s emotions, and that of a group of individuals. In the...

The Behavior Therapy Approach

Shedler (2008) describes behavioral approaches as based on the assumption that individuals are generally shaped by learning and socio-cultural environment. The main characteristics of behavior therapy mainly focus on observable behavior, current determinants of behavior, change promoting learning experiences, and rigorous assessment and evaluation (Goodwin, 2005). The main focus of...

The Cognitive Behavior Therapy

The theory of Cognitive behavior was chiefly propagated by B. F. Skinner who had profound impact on behaviorism. The approach is a largely deterministic and historical movement. However, it differs from the psychodynamic view of human behavior. The approach focuses on objective, measurable phenomena (Shedler, 2008). View of Human Nature,...

Industrial and Organizational Psychology

In an increasingly competitive world, many organizations are adopting methods aimed at maximizing all their available resources to effectively achieve their set goals. Industrial /Organizational Psychology has therefore been increasingly integrated into organizational management in recent years. Industrial and organizational psychology is a field concerned with workplace behavior. It applies...

Behaviorism as Psychological Theory

Behaviorism is a psychological theory that explains the actions of living creatures. The application of the model in practice covers the behavior that a person or animal expresses concerning a specific object or situation. This theory took momentum in the 20th century when American and European researchers experimented between dependent...

Learning and Memory Form Psychological and Neuroscience Perspectives

Introduction Both psychology and neuroscience pay considerable attention to learning and memory as phenomena. Different approaches and methods have evolved, allowing the researchers to study multiple aspects of memory and learning from different perspectives. In particular, the cognitive approach in psychology and functional magnetic resonance imagery in neuroscience complement each...

Implicit and Explicit Biases

Examples of Implicit and Explicit Biases The existence of implicit and explicit biases is an unfortunate side effect of the human condition. Through the process of socialization, people gain knowledge of their environment, themselves, and other individuals. Biases are constructed when the human brain attempts to understand a complex issue...

How Discipline Builds Success

Nowadays, different successful startups and companies appear every month, while the bigger and older ones become even more powerful. It made me wonder what the key to a company’s success is, and how these small ideas grow into real companies that make life better. At the beginning of the research,...

Lower-Level Behavior of Employees

Lower-level behavior of employees impedes the actions and progress of others. Whining is one of the most common forms that means that a person acknowledges a problem but takes no action to resolve it (Hoffmann, 2016). Cynicism and pessimism serve to attract attention and extract sympathy from others (Wong, 2007)....

Behaviorism: Ideas and Sub-Theories

Introduction In the current paper, results of the pre-test in Chapter 1 will be discussed, and the ambiguity of the sub-theories and frameworks of behaviorism will be addressed. Moreover, an explanation of how association doctrine and connectionism developed the foundations of behaviorism will be presented. Further, the stimulus-response model and...

Attachment Theory and Romantic Relationships

Abstract The way a person builds their relationships as an adult, mainly when referring to intimate relationships, is mostly affected by their childhood experiences. Many contemporary researchers and psychology practitioners use this theory to explain adults’ maladaptive behaviors towards their partners. Bowlby developed it in an attempt to explain the...

Personality Description Based on the Big Five Model

Introduction Defining and gauging temperaments and personality types appear to be one of the cornerstone activities in trait psychology. In attempts to measure human personality, an array of models and tests have been created. The Big Five Model seems to be one of the most recognized methods to define the...

The Theory of Behaviorism: Learning and Conditioning

Nurture has long been accepted as one of the most important components of a traditional behaviorist approach. Initially, both Skinner and Watson wanted the science of human behavior to become as rigorous as physics, which is why they considered it imperative to chart only measurable and observable responses. According to...

About Stress Reduction Methods

In today’s society, the issue of stress and stress-related health problems is especially critical. To regain physical and mental well-being, it is essential to discover some useful tools against stress. However, we cannot fully solve the problem if we do not know the nature behind it. That is why I...

The Analysis of the School-Aged Children’ Needs

Introduction School-aged children are characterized by increased conversational and analytical skills and the capacity to understand the concept of cause and effect. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (2018), they feel a sense of fulfillment when acquiring new skills. However, at this age, children lack the knowledge about bodies...

The Effects of Cognitive Schemata on Perception

People’s perceptions are mostly manipulated by social conventions known as schemata. Cognitive schemata are mental formations which constitute expectations and judgment about the world and influence an individual’s image of a particular person or situation. There are four major cognitive schemata: personal construct, prototype, script, and stereotype (Augoustinos & Walker,...

Problem-Solution Model Overview

Problem-solving strategies are an essential part of all the possible spheres of life: regular day-to-day life, business, and politics. That is why it is also vital to differentiate various techniques as their advantages can contribute more depending on the situation. Being aware of those differences guarantees an individual and a...

A Tier 3 Intervention Behaviour Model: What Works Clearinghouse

Introduction A tier 3 intervention is a model where customized activities are developed to resolve students’ challenges in their social, academic, or behavioral lives. It is different from Tier 1 and Tier 2 interventions since it is intensive and more individualized. It is more explicit and developed to facilitate the...