Psychology Ethics Essay Examples for Free

Psychology Ethics Essay Examples for Free

Psychological Issues in the Antwone Fischer Film

Clients Diagnosis and Current Problems Antwone Fischer is a film dedicated to Fischer’s psychotherapy and childhood trauma, which activates outbursts of anger and aggression toward colleagues from the Navy in him. It also includes overly mobile personal boundaries of mental health, which specialist professionals do not approve of. From a...

Traumatic Stress in the Justice System

Introduction These days, a number of events can cause traumatic stress to law enforcement and lead to various repercussions. A way of assessing those traumatic events is by reviewing articles such as the one written by Chopko et al. in 2019. Analysis of the article, supported by additional relevant material,...

Santrock’s “Essentials of Life-Span Development”: Chapter 1 Review

Chapter 1 of Essentials of life-span development provides an introduction into the subject and outlines the titular concept in its many aspects. It explains how development is a constant multidimensional and multidirectional process that involves numerous aspects from personal health and parentage to social policy and sociocultural context (Santrock 2012)....

Stress Reduction Methods at the Workplace

Introduction Modern work is mostly intellectual and is presented by activities such as communications, production, and content creation; a typical working day continues for about eight hours. Such loads may negatively impact the psychical and emotional state of the individual. It will reduce their work performance and life quality in...

Researching of the Psychology of Appraisal

Emotions are complex perceptions that represent a plethora of information about one’s connection to personal and social environments and inner ideas about these interactions. An increasing number of studies have begun to record how various feelings, even when unrelated to the choice in question, may consistently influence people’s views, judgments,...

Self-care: Well-being among Practicing Psychologists

Any professional activity requires working under pressure, which, if not appropriately managed, can lead to burnout in the long term. Professional emotional burnout can be characterized by three factors, including depersonalization, reduced feelings of accomplishment, and emotional exhaustion (Rupert & Dorociak, 2019). More than that, professional burnout is a problem...

Superego, Id, and Ego and Influence of Society

Sigmund Freud assumes that the human psyche comprises three distinct and yet interdependent parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. These components of personality have different rates of development and perform distinct roles. However, they work in unison to produce a whole and shape a person’s behavior. Ultimately, Freud...

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Introduction Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a long-lasting disease that distresses multitudes of teenagers and normally perseveres into later life. It is usual for children to struggle with concentrating and behavior at some point in their lives. Children with ADHD, on the other hand, do not just grow out...

Preparing for a Career in the Field of Psychology

Introduction Preparing for a career in the field of psychology is no small feat. Students should be highly motivated to complete challenging courses and pursue further education to increase their competitive advantage. They are also recommended to consider the potential concerns they may encounter in their chosen field of work...

PTSD Treatment for Earthquake Survivors

Psychological well-being can become a crucial issue for various populations in the contemporary age. With the constant threat of stress and trauma present in people’s everyday lives, it is highly significant to define and explore the emergence and development of conditions related to mental health. As such, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder...

Mental Health and Mental Illness

I found the article by Maeroff Dalia to be very informative, thus I support some of his statements and beg to differ with some that I feel do not make sense. In the article, I notice that the author creates a clear difference and further warns readers why using the...

PTSD Among African American Vietnam Veterans

Introduction Over the decades, our comprehension of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has advanced by leaps and bounds. The actual ramifications of this diagnosis initially termed “shell shock,” have become considerably obvious in the years after the Vietnam War. Researchers are still concerned about the effects of lingering stress on Americans...

Resources in the Field of Psychology

Professional Resources An authoritative resource in psychology is the peer-reviewed journal Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing (IAAP). This journal is a credible source of information for scholars and professionals in the discipline of psychology because it is managed by the International Association of Applied Psychology (“Applied Psychology Health and Well...

Treating Mood Disorders and Depression

Mental health is one of the most complex issues in medicine as the correct diagnosis is always difficult to identify. In particular, it relates to such conditions as depression and bipolar disorder, which present a problem for doctors to distinguish between them and find the right way of treatment for...

Humanistic Therapy of Depression

The mental health of the population is becoming a topical concern for numerous countries around the world, and, as a result, the need for effective and holistic treatments arises. The field of psychology has a considerable variety of approaches, and one of the most notable ones is humanistic therapy, which...

Potential Concerns in Familiarizing Psychology Working Field

Psychology is essential in the everyday life of people since it can explain why they act a certain way in specific situations and why they experience particular feelings. As a result of many traumas, various experiences, and relationship problems, many people seek professional psychological help. However, while psychologists navigate people...

Gambling Addiction in Elderly Adults: Motivational Interviewing

Introduction Gambling addiction among older adults is a major issue, which is becoming more prevalent in the given age category. Although the problem as a whole is being researched, the specificities of gambling addiction among the elderly are not well-understood. There is a wide range of options when it comes...

Violating Ethical Code of Conduct in Counseling

Breach of Confidentiality Definition and Explanation A breach of confidentiality is a major ethical issue in counseling with critical implications for all parties involved. Confidentiality is a concept often associated with the privacy of client data, which means that a counselor has both a legal and ethical obligation to keep...

Applying Professional Code of Ethics in Counselling Practice

Introduction Counselling practice is characterized by many ethical dilemmas where conflicting professional standards and moral prejudices hinder practitioners’ decision-making. The Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia (PACFA) and the Australian Counselling Association (ACA) code of ethics assist therapists in safeguarding the welfare of their clients and protect the counsellor from...

Privileges’ Impact on Working with Clients

The modern field of mental healthcare is young relative to other areas of medicine. In the past, the role of the psychotherapist was replaced by healers, priests, and priests, but the healing of the soul was never put on par with the problems of the body. Modernity, in turn, amazes...

Personal Approach to Counseling

Introduction In this section, I will describe my personal approach to counseling and detail the specifics of it. My approach to viewing the nature of human beings has changed since I began to learn more about psychology and philosophy since previously, I believed that humans are innately bad and one’s...

Aspects of Existential Therapy

Introduction Adult life can be seen as challenging due to the need to make decisions and take up responsibilities. Many people find it difficult to address the issues they encounter, which results in various psychological concerns. This paper includes a brief analysis of the case of Sherry, who is a...

Solution-Focused Brief Therapy

Considering Matt’s case, the most appropriate therapy is solution-focused brief therapy. This approach is applicable to both emotional and mental issues. Following Northcott et al. (2019), solution-focused brief therapy guides an individual to construct meaningful, attainable adjustements by aiming at an individual’s skills and resources rather than their shortfalls. Matt...

Application of Psychology Studies for Society

Early experiments in psychological science did not follow ethical standards because many of the current guidelines were developed and published later than these studies were performed. The four fundamental ethical principles of research were first described in 1979 by Childress and Beauchamp: autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice (Goodwin, Mays, and...

Research of Psychology Studies for Society

Experimental studies in psychological science serve as the foundation for understanding individual and societal problems. Indeed, research in this field helped learn potential reasons for social withdrawal and abnormal attachment patterns in adult people. For example, Bowlby explained monkeys’ behavior in Harlow’s experiments by the need for “a continuous relationship...

Competencies in “Hoarders: Family Secrets” Video

Summary Hoarding disorder is characterized by difficulty disposing or leaving with belongings due to a perceived desire to preserve them. The notion of getting rid of the goods causes distress in a person suffering from a hoarding condition. Excessive collection of goods happens, regardless of actual value. Hoarding can be...

System Theory Model in Psychotherapy

It is important to note that a system theory model is a form of a holistic approach that examines and assesses issues as a part or unit of a system without factoring in individuals in isolation. Therefore, the analysis primarily focuses on behaviors, interactions, and communications within and beyond a...

The Ending Phase in Counseling

Termination, or the ending phase, is the fourth and final stage of counseling when a client enters a transition from assisted to counseling-free functioning. Precisely success and termination are the initial goals of any counseling relationship. The counselor’s theoretical stance or workplace constraints should determine the specific time of beginning...

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Approaches used in DBT are similar to interventions/approaches used in any of the other therapies; Behavioral Activation (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy), acceptance-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy, and acceptance-based Coping Skills Training. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – Metacognitive Interventions and Self-Monitoring of Desired Behaviors Motivational Interviewing – Mot. Focused Interventions, Stress Inoculation Training...

Addiction and Substance Abuse in Professional Psychology

Most addiction-focused professions aim at understanding drug addition, treatment plans and their respecticve application in professional practices. Experts in the field of addiction deal with a wide range of disciplines, but they all have a common knowledge of the addictive phenomenon. Each treatment practitioner must have a fundamental grasp of...

Group Psychotherapy: Theory and Practice

Introduction The current paper contains a proposal on a new clinical therapeutic group which will be formed as a way to assist its members in managing their existing problems. Specifically, the group will be a therapy one, consisting of adult residents of an inpatient psychiatric hospital. The therapy will have...

“Thinking Outside the Head” Article by Barrett

Louise Barrett’s (2020) article titled “Thinking Outside the Head: Cognitive Ecologies and Evolutionary Psychology” reflects on the possibility of integrating evolutionary biology and social sciences to create evolutionarily informed psychology. The author discusses possible reasons why evolutionary notions have very limited tractions in psychology and covers potentially applicable approaches to...

Ethical Issues Involved With Data Collection in Psychological Research

Introduction The role of psychological research in the modern world is challenging to overestimate because it is due to them people solve many problems that prevent from finding the path to happiness and self-realization. However, it should be understood that in striving to know the human psyche, practicing doctors have...

Psychology and the Brain: The Future of Psychology

Mastering the brain and its work is essential to all psychologists because it influences behavior and mental state. Psychology refers to the study of the behavior and mental process of human beings. The brain is a vital body organ that controls memory, emotion, and thought functions linked to habits and...

The Role of Experimental Psychology in Modern Psychological Science

Psychology had not existed in the past as a separate science until the experimental psychology appeared. Although it is hard to distinguish the exact time when it was initiated, it is known that experimental psychology was started in German universities in the nineteenth century (Hearnshaw, 2019). The scientists who made...

FIRO (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation) Test

Introduction People are social creatures, meaning they cannot avoid communicating with others. Moreover, in our daily activities, we meet other individuals and interact with them. This can happen in both home and work environments; however, the degree of success and the ability to attain particular goals during this process depends...

Neuropsychological Assessment and Ethical Issues

Neuropsychological assessment (NPA) is a logical analysis of the relationship between the brain and behavior. The motive for performing the neuropsychological assessment is to identify an individual’s cognitive strengths, flaws, and the relationships between the neuropsychological outcomes and psychiatric and medical conditions of a person. The aim of this paper...

Managing Anxiety in Evidence-Based Practice

Anxiety is a common mental health disorder among most young adults between the age of 13 and 18 years. The National Institute of Health estimates that one out of every three teenagers will experience an anxiety disorder during this development period. The prevalence of the condition continues to increase, hence...

Socioeconomic Status and Access to Psychotherapy

Introduction Nowadays, it is considered a well-established fact that one’s affiliation with a lower social stratum can indeed be seen as such that increases his or her likelihood of ending up seeking psychotherapy. Moreover, as opposed to what is the case with their wealthy counterparts, most socially underprivileged individuals appear...

Socioeconomic Status and Access to Therapy

The socioeconomic status of a person is a fundamental factor that impacts his/her responses, the quality of life, and choice of patterns to communicate and socialize. At the same time, there is a growing body of evidence proving the idea that there is a direct correlation between the status of...

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Trauma

It is important to note that there is a wide range of plausible and effective therapies for individuals struggling with trauma, but they vary in their degrees of usefulness as well as situational appropriateness. The evidence-based practice, which out to me was cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT, since it has a...

Reflection on the Dyslexia Disorder

Being a neurodevelopmental disorder, dyslexia is one of the most common language-based learning disabilities. The symptoms of dyslexia are demonstrated by children and adults who struggle with reading when they ought to be capable and motivated to read fluently and adequately for their age. Hence, to reduce the severity of...

Trauma Counseling and Crisis Intervention

It is important to note that trauma, disaster, and crisis are interrelated concepts, which require specifically targeted interventions and counseling measures in order to achieve a positive outcome for clients. Trauma can be defined as an emotional response to a negative stimulus or event, which is harmful to an individual...

Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology

Introduction This work compares and contrasts the four major approaches to clinical psychology in relation to Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Disease overview and Classification Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic biobehavioral disease or disorder that presents in early childhood and which may continue...

Parent-Child Relationship in Later Life

The later life relationship between children and their parents significantly differs from that in young adulthood or adolescence. Transformations in cognitive and mental patterns could be observed in both parties. According to Syre’s (2019) research, parent-child dynamics in later life change positively transforming into the supportive and influential alliance. As...

Psychology: The Implicit Association Test

The Implicit Association Test was developed as a research tool for social psychology, including clinical, cognitive, and developmental psychology. Test authors Anthony Greenwald, Debbie McGee, and Jordan Schwartz first introduced the test in 1998 (Soyyilmaz, 2020). Since then, it was used in social psychology for testing patients. The test is...

Aspects of Abnormal Psychology

Introduction Abnormal psychology studies psychological disorders and ways to improve the lives of those affected by them (Nevid et al., 2021). There are several perspectives on the pathology of such disorders. However, contemporary theories include a biological perspective on the issue, which connects the pathology to the deviations within the...

Big Five Personality Test and Academic Performance

This study examines the impact of the Big Five Personality Traits on students’ academic performance. It is extremely important for academic institutions and employing organizations to acknowledge the connection between career counseling and students’ education, values, and goals. As long as students are provided with influential career and academic counseling,...

Freud’s Theory and The Related Theoretical Perspectives: An Overview

There can be no doubt that Freud’s ideas were revolutionary in behavioral psychology at the time. Although some of Freud’s ideas have been recently criticized and undergone substantial scrutiny, the core premise of behavioral psychology remains in its place, which has led to the creation of multiple theoretical perspectives associated...

The Issue of Preparation for New Professional Positions

Choice of occupation and preparation for new professional positions are always complex processes as they demand alterations in existing roles and extra training. At the same time, there is also a need for additional resources and training to acquire needed competencies and skills. Thinking about this process, it is possible...

Cognitive Training: Does It Work?

An average human lifespan has grown drastically over the last few centuries, mainly due to improved living conditions, medicine, and technology. Losing memory, attention span, and cognitive function is a natural factor in human aging, which can only worsen with the overwhelming stress of the modern lifestyle (Kalat, 2015). Therefore,...

Use of Electrical Shocks in The Rotenberg Center

When dealing with students with severe mental disabilities, it is crucial to ensure their safety and protect them from self-harm. This was the purpose of shock therapy introduced into practice in the Rotenberg Centre (Young R., & McMahon S., 2021). However, as practice and a recent incident with tortured students...

Mental Health Support for Gay Forced Migrants

The article titled “Facilitating Mental Health Support for LGBTQ Forced Migrants: A Qualitative Inquiry” discloses the issues this group faces and suggests facilitating measures (Kahn et al., 2018). This qualitative study examined intermediaries and obstacles to the provision of psychiatric care in Canada for forced migrants who were LGBT from...

Reflection on Future Professional Practice as a Psychologist

Abstract Psychology as a discipline tends to study human activities and cognitive behavior from varied perspectives. The profession uses scientific approaches better to understand human emotions, learning, and reaction. Being a psychologist, it is essential to focus on its dynamics to make plans that meet changing needs of people. In...

Scientific Thinking and Counseling Practice

The field of counseling psychology has begun to integrate scientific principles into the social aspect. Science-practice integration has brought forward the concept of utilizing evidence-based practice (EBP). When it comes to its applicability to practice, scientific thinking requires decisions to be made from the best available research evidence; hence, judgments...

Professional Practice in Counselling and Psychotherapy

I interviewed Mr. Lou, who is a school counselor, and collected the following information. On the director’s job site, Mr. Lou implements counseling programs and integrates them with the school curriculum. He is also responsible for hiring and firing school counselors, supervising their works, and conducting performance appraisals on their...

Forensic Psychologist’s Aspects of Profession Analysis

To begin with, there are four main generally accepted classifications of forensic psychologists: actuarial, advisory, clinical, and experimental. Based on their preferences, people could choose the closest to their demands profession connected with a specific psychology field of study or practice. To my way of thinking, experimental forensic psychology is...

Code A.4.B of American Counseling Association

The 2014 ACA code of conduct section A.4.b talks about personal values. Every counselor should not impose their values, beliefs, behaviors, or attitudes; instead, they ought to respect their clients’ diversity. Every individual has values and beliefs that they relate to, and as a counselor, I have to strive every...

Counselor’s Professional Identity and Credential

Introduction Over recent years, professional identity and development counseling has become crucial in contemporary society. This paper summarizes studies and podcasts highlighting professional identity’s importance, relevant components, and associated challenges. Moreover, it includes an overview of my professional identity development plan and a table detailing vital state-related requirements linked to...

Risk Management in Psychology

The psychology of risk underlies the understanding and study of various mental perceptions that determine bodily responses to situations that are deemed risky, spanning a risk’s impact recognition and frameworks for making judgments. As a result, the techniques and measures taken are often more objective. They are dependent upon the...

Psychological Help to Refugee Children

For my final project, I chose a complex theme – psychological help to refugee children. Victims are confused, and refugees and displaced persons need psychological help. As in any emergency, psychological support is one of the essential components in stabilizing the situation. This theme shaped the nature of my entire...

Restoring Mental Well-Being Using Social Sciences

The social science lens focuses on interpersonal relationships and human interactions with social environments. The social sciences encompass a diverse group of disciplines, including political theory, anthropology, sociology, and psychology, addressing the issue of mental wellness from different perspectives. Sociologists and political scientists investigate the role of mental wellness in...

The Conceptualization of Mental Health Wellness

Introduction The concept of wellness still exists among the families, but they manage challenges in life. Wellness requires balancing different life dimensions such as emotions, social, spiritual, environmental, financial, occupational, physical, and intellectual. All those dimensions of wellness are somehow interrelated and crucial to a fulfilling life. The idea of...

Psychotherapy: Theoretical Orientation

Introduction In the past couple of years, the concept of theoretical orientation has brought several controversies. Amongst the many psychological theories, an individual can best establish effective personal change through particular psychotherapy. Many psychotherapists have remained fervent on a specific school of thought where a given theory is best suited...

Analysis of Emotional Burnout

Introduction The active pace of modern life often leads to changes in the human condition, fatigue, and the need for rest. Factors such as the complexity of work, outlook, and lifestyle contribute to stress. If stress and fatigue are ignored, it can lead to such nasty consequences as emotional burnout...

Attention-Deficit, Hyperactivity Disorder: Effects on Children and Adults

Introduction Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD for short, is a mental health issue. The disorder can negatively impact the lives of affected individuals. Thereby, active research is currently conducted in the scientific community to investigate ADHD effects and causation and seek effective treatment methods. As with any mental health problem with...

Case Conceptualization in Existential Therapy

Existential therapy is a distinctive form of psychotherapy that focuses on the existence of human beings as a whole. It utilizes a positive approach from a philosophical point of view and emphasizes on human conditions. The therapy has a positive direction and commends human abilities and aspirations while encouraging them...

John Bowlby Therapy and Attachment Security Play Therapy

Attachment theory presupposes that a child’s interactions with other people influence its development from a very young age, making an impact on their perception, thinking and behavior. John Bowlby clarifies that this concerns the real experiences and interactions, not imaginary ones, and that they are in effect long before the...

Narrative Therapy for Sex Trafficked Women and Girls

Introduction Each person has a variety of experiences and events in their life, both in the past and the future. Meetings, partings, interactions, things we do, and things we learn – they all become a part of the whole that each person represents. In large part, people are shaped by...

“How to Make Stress Your Friend” TED Talk by McGonigal

In her TED talk, McGonigal reveals crucial information regarding the effects of stress on the human body. She shows that it is beneficial for people to recognize the positive impact of stress in order to reduce its adverse effects (TED, 2013). This revelation is a significant breakthrough that can benefit...

Counseling Practice: Components, Special Considerations

The main components related to counselor self-care The counselors should prioritize themselves in a physical, mental, and spiritually healthy life. The physical component of counselor self-care takes into consideration aspects that affect the counselor physiologically. These aspects could include diet, exercise, sleep, and rest (Coaston, 2017). The counselor should stick...

The Role of a Multicultural Practitioner-Scholar

Introduction I have always been interested in observing people and thinking about why they behave as they do. Clinical psychology answers these questions, and being a specialist in this sphere is a great chance to help people with mental, emotional, or behavioral issues. Even though I have no working experience...

Reflective Practice and Its Importance for Psychology

Reflective practice refers to the application of focused inquiry to achieve a comprehensive professional and personal awareness, which increases competency in practice. Reflective practice in itself is a self-awareness skill that gives much precedence to emotions, interpretations, feelings, observation, and evaluation of personal thoughts within the context of an individual’s...

Future of Counseling: Science and Christianity

The future of counseling involves an intersection between scientific study and Christian intervention. It will be necessary to have skills in both areas to be a good counselor. From this course, I have a better understanding of counseling after learning various research methods and designs. I will contribute to the...

Cultural Awareness, Humility, Advocacy, and Social Justice in Counseling

Cultural awareness, humility, social justice, and advocacy are essential factors in the counseling profession. Mosher et al. (2017) explain that failing to understand the cultures and preferences of others poses a challenge to counselors in the community. Embracing these factors expands professionals’ presence, and helps them understand the clients and...

Management of General Anxiety Disorder in Primary Care

Background information 32-year-old female complaints of difficulties handling uncertainty Inability to relax due to restless feelings Persistent anxiety and worrying (Rutter & Brown, 2017) Difficulty concentrating and overthinking plans Fear of making certain decisions and indecisiveness History of present illness She was diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) two years...

Psychodynamic Perspective in Psychology

The origin of psychodynamic theory dates back to Sigmund Freud and his followers. The founder of psychoanalysis argued that human behavior and conditions are influenced by complex internal and external dynamics of which people are mostly unaware. Therefore, psychodynamics is often described as an approach that studies the interplay of...

Depression Disassembling and Treating

Summary Treatment has been developed, but doctors cannot say that it is always effective, because the causes of this illness are still being established and studied. This is due to the complex nature of depression, as well as its multidimensionality, which makes it difficult for specialists to find effective ways...

Humanistic Theory by Maslow and Rogers

Humanistic theory is a new stage in considering a person as a character striving for self-development and self-actualization. They assume that the individual is a highly positive and spiritual being, and negative emotions and traits appear under external factors. Two critical psychologists who have contributed to the development of this...

Client Participation in Agency-Initiated Services

The author’s primary research question The author’s primary research question is as follows: “How do potential clients, when confronted with an agency-initiated offer of service, decide whether to accept or decline that offer?” (Altman, 2003, p. 472). The author wanted to investigate what factors (beliefs, perceptions, expectations, or attributions) influenced...

Mindfulness Intervention for Ethnic Minority Adolescents

Introduction The majority of the youths are at risk for developing anxiety defects in various environmental settings such as schools and residential areas. Several literature works have investigated the effects of stress disorders and potential intervention measures. Fung et al. (2019) demonstrate that a school-based mindfulness intervention effectively lowered the...

Restoring Hope Counselling Home for Youth

Introduction According to the World Health Organization, about one million lives are lost annually as a result of a suicide mission. The escalating number of deaths due to suicide increases concern about the causes of suicidal thoughts and what prompts people to have such experiences. In WHO studies, it is...

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Adults

The study by Kristofersson et al. (2016) explored the implementation of an adapted mindfulness program for adults, having traumatic brain injuries and substance use problems. The authors recruited patients and staff of Vinland National Center to analyze their perceptions of this program. There were four focus groups, of which two...

Nightmares Case Conceptualization Through a Framework of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

The given case conceptualization will primarily focus on a patient, Ms. Cruz, who is suffering from recurring nightmares of hurting her four-month-old son, which severely hinders her daily functionality. The key element of her problem is stress management, which manifests itself in her being unable to control her frustration with...

Studying Path from School to Prison: Theoretical Framework

The present study is guided by two influential developmental theories that explain the way people learn and adopt behavioral patterns they use in their life. Bandura’s social learning theory and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs are appropriate frameworks to explore the path from school to prison many students of color have...

The Framing Effect in a Psychological Scenario

Introduction The framing effect represents a cognitive bias in which individuals are tasked with deciding on options that have positive and negative connotations. Therefore, the decisions of individuals are being influenced by the manner in which information is being presented. Moreover, when it comes to equivalent details, they can be...

Individual, Group and Family Counseling Competencies

Summary Counseling is a professional relationship where different individuals, families, and groups meet with a professional trainer to talk about how to achieve goals concerning their career, mental health, and education, among others. In individual counseling, the counselor should establish a relationship with the client that involves respect, compassion, and...

Professional Psychology: Obtaining a Counselor License

Abstract The present paper is dedicated to the analysis of the profession of a psychologist. The critical aim of the paper is to create an algorithm, adherence to which will help obtain a license of a counselor. The algorithm consists of five steps: masters degree, Ph.D., 2000 supervision hours, the...

Advantages and Disadvantages of Multiple Relationships

No doubt, the phenomenon of multiple relationships is one of the most important aspects of a psychologist’s ethics code. Multiple relationships are those, which may occur between a therapist and a patient and extend beyond the limits of professional aspects. Generally, the attitude towards them is harmful, and those relationships...

Continual-Activation Theory of Dreaming

Recently, I have had a dream about how I am winning the international table tennis tournament. I should note here that I tend to follow the expectation-fulfillment theory when interpreting my dreams (Figure 1), and it seems to explain my mentioned dream exhaustively. My friends and I went to play...

Death as the Final Destination

I think the best way to describe my current understanding of death would be to mention that suffering and demise are inevitable. They should be perceived as the inextricable elements of human life that cannot and should not be eradicated from the natural cycle that each of us has to...

The Role of Family in Depression Treatment

Introduction It is common knowledge that the health of the body depends on the health of the nervous system. Psychologists do a great job by helping people deal with their worries and fears because sometimes the patients have no one who could be trusted apart from the counselor. Previously, I...

COVID-19 Pandemic and College Students’ Mental Health

I chose an article that discusses the effects of the ongoing pandemic on college students’ mental health. To determine whether to classify this source as scientific or non-scientific knowledge, it is essential to know the differences between the two types. One key distinction is that knowledge obtained through scientific methods...

Margaret Washburn: An Academy Psychologist

Women have always had to overcome great obstacles in science to be recognized. Margaret Washburn is one of such women who have overcome formidable obstacles to work as an academy psychologist. Despite this, however, she has become the first woman who received formal recognition with a Ph.D. in psychology from...

Psychology: Externalizing Conversation

In the context of present-day developments, psychological therapies and counseling are popular among the broad public. One of the approaches is externalizing conversation, which is considered an effective solution to personal problems. It implies a type of dialogue when a specialist introduces the space between the patient and the problem...

Individual Work with Clients after Family’s Psychotherapy Completion

In the modern world, psychological assistance is an indispensable attribute for achieving a successful and conscious relationship with themself and between family members. Almost every member of society has its psychologist who is engaged in individual psychotherapy and counseling. At the same time, when using family psychotherapy, it is essential...

The Asch Conformity Experiments

One of the characteristic phenomena of human society is conformism. Studies of this phenomenon have been conducted for a long time, and one of them was a series of experiments conducted by the American psychologist Solomon Asch. An article about the study was published in 1951. The psychologist Asch aimed...

Literature Review on Depression

Depression alters one’s mood, making one feel sad and lose interest in people, events, and objects, and thus may cause physical and emotional problems. It may involve treatment in the long run if it persists, which includes medication and psychotherapy. This paper will focus on a detailed summary of other...

Managing Self-Defeating Thoughts

Self-defeating thoughts happen to be the damaging interpretations that individuals have about themselves and the environment that surrounds them. These defective beliefs influence their self-worth and their outlooks regarding individual capabilities and their associations with other people. There are various ways in which people can manage self-defeating thoughts (Housman &...