Human Development Theories Essay Examples for Free

Human Development Theories Essay Examples for Free

Jean Piaget’s Approach and Theory of Cognitive Development

Introduction A well-known Swiss psychologist, Jean Piaget, is mostly famous for his multiple innovative theories and ideas on the development of cognitive functions of children in the process of growing. He was one of the founders of a new system of early education because his studies helped psychology scientists understand...

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Influence of Society and Societal Norms on Human Development

Introduction Human development and perceptions are influenced by both external and internal factors. While some argue that human development is predominantly sourced in an individual’s experiences, both biological and experience aspects certainly define the individual’s brain functionality by determining sensory signals’ processing (Handel et al.,2007). Thus, the environment of society,...

The Piaget, Vygotsky, and Bronfenbrenner Theories

There are several development theories including Piaget, Vygotsky, and Bronfenbrenner’s theories. Piaget’s theory suggests that children undergo distinct stages of development, which implies that cognitive development occurs alongside physiological growth (Saracho & Evans, 2021). Vygotsky’s theory holds that development is influenced by sociocultural factors. Learning is supported by parents, peers,...

Condition of Worth in Fully Functioning Person Theory

All people strive for the progressive realization of their talents and skills. Psychologically, personal development includes a clear image of the individual abilities and character traits and their efficient improvements. The American psychologist Carl Rogers designed the fully functioning person theory, which addresses personal development as a central point of...

Genetic and Cultural Factors of Human Development

Today, developmental psychologists seldom adopt either position on most areas of development; instead, they study the ties between genetic and environmental effects. Many human developmental researchers believe that biological and social (cultural, socio-environmental, and socio-economic) variables all play an important role in human development (Boyce et al. 23235). People acquire...

Bowlby’s Attachment Theory

Introduction Attachment is the formation of affectionate bonds with people who are essential in one’s life. Freud’s theory: Early infant-mother relationships affect the entire life’s relationships. This theory was disproved: Later bonds also shape attachment patterns. The 1950s experiment with rhesus monkeys showed that attachment is more about warm connection...

Theories of Psychological Development: Summary and Application

In psychology, several pivotal theoretical models of human psychological development have been introduced over the years. The diversity of prominent psychologists’ opinions concerning the stages of psychological development and the critical concepts within each of them provide a basis for substantial investigation and practical implementation. Indeed, the use of theories...

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Explanation of Human Short Term Memory Performance

Introduction The study of memory is a significant part of neuroscience as an insight into this topic could assist in the development of education, medicine and psychology. The researchers recognise several main types of memory, including long-term, short-term and working memory. The working memory model was developed in an effort...

Learning Theory as One of Developmental Theories

Abstract Psychologists had become increasingly inclined to make psychology more scientific in the early 20th century. Psychologists argued that to be scientific, they needed to know only those elements to be analyzed and evaluated. A variety of different teaching theories have been proposed to explain why and how people behave....

Jean Piaget’s Infant Development Theory

I firmly believe that one’s development always lies in human cognitive abilities. While it is up to a parent to provide the necessary care and support, a child strives to learn about the world around them through an innate need. This impulse is inherent in all intelligent beings and is...

Lifespan Perspective and Factors of Its Emergence

The factors that sparked the emergence of the lifelong perspective were of scientific matter. The researchers explored the biological, cognitive, and psychological changes throughout an individual’s life, which prompted them to develop a specific approach for explaining the nature of these changes. Namely, Paul Baltes, a German psychologist, decided to...

Developmental Analysis: Personal Introduction of Childhood – Adolescence

Personal Introduction of Childhood – Adolescence Speaking about my early years, I would not say that these life stages were filled with constant stress or troubles causing enormous emotional suffering. Raised in a two-parent family with two siblings, I received enough care and attention just like many of my peers...

Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s Theories in Childhood Quantitative Cognitive Development

Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget largely contributed to developmental psychology and education, notably exploring children’s learning styles and mental abilities. While Piaget’s theory of cognitive development postulates that children develop by interacting with their environment, Vygotsky’s approach focuses on the social and cultural aspects of a child’s life (Woolfolk, 2016)....

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Piaget’s Work and Legacy in Child Development

Attachment in humans is something each person develops during their childhood. By being close to their parents, being cared for, and interacted with, infants learn to be involved with other people. I think that the most fascinating thing about attachment is that it can be universally observed from every individual....

Human Development Theories Applied to Personal Life

Human development depends on many internal and external factors and events that affect an entire life. For this reason, scientists have created many developmental theories to explain how certain events or characteristics shape personality from different points of view. In this paper, I will analyze my life in terms of...

Applying Developmental Theory to the Creation of Educational Games

The scholarly article “Applying Developmental Theory and Research to the Creation of Educational Games” in the New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development introduces the history of the developmental theory and principles applied to software for children, which was first made by Seymour Papert. Papert used the approach to modern...

The Applications of Attachment Theory

The Application of Attachment Theory for the Case Study of Brady Attachment theory is a major factor in the development of adolescents, during which the majority of the behavioral and cognitive structure is established. Formulated by psychologist John Bowlby, it points out the fact that the deviations in social, emotional,...

Lady Gaga’s Lifespan Development Stages

Lifespan development relates to the changes and growth people undergo from the time they are conceived to the end of their physical life. Several theories and models have been developed and used to explain the physical, cognitive, psychological, social, and behavioral changes that occur between a person’s conception to his...

Lifespan Development in Connection to Organ Systems

In many countries of the world, there is a process of global population aging. Many scientists today are trying to invent drugs foraging to avoid death or delay it. Therefore, it is essential to study the general laws of the aging process, its causes and mechanisms, and possible ways to...

Human Development Theories in My Experience

This post will discuss two developmental theories, Erickson’s psychosocial development, and Kohlberg’s moral development. Erickson argues that personality development is divided into eight stages and focuses on developing the I of the individual. The first two stages are for very young children; hence I don’t remember them. In the third...

Comparing the Theories of Development

There is no single theory that can give a comprehensive idea of human lifespan development. To get a more or less complete picture of it, it is important to get acquainted with several theories that are expressed in the type of periodization. This paper aims to compare and contrast two...

Ego Integrity: The Strategies to Promote Ego Integrity

Introduction: Objective of the assignment Review the concept of ego integrity Examine the strategies to promote ego integrity in older adults Study groups activities to promote ego integrity Study individual activities to promote ego integrity Synthesize a conclusion What is Ego Integrity Erik Erikson divided personality development into eight crises...

Aging: Disengagement Theory and Activity Theory

Disengagement and activity theories are widely used approaches for explaining the aging process. The main difference between these two theories relates to how they perceive elderly people’s activity and engagement in social interactions. Disengagement theory is premised on the idea that the aging is a natural process and that it...

Detachment With Celebrity Idolization

The Motivational Theory of Life-Span Development concerns the way values and aims of a person change as they age, depending on what motivates them at every major stage of their life. These motivations overlap in an interesting manner with the prevalent forms of social and cultural interest in celebrities that...

Psychosocial Development: Theory of Erik Erikson

Introduction Erik Erikson’s theory concentrates on how social conversation and connection serve a vital duty in the growth of human beings. Erikson agrees that selfness grows in a range of steps of development, additionally, the theory explains the effect of social encounters all over the entire lifetime. The following entails...

How Childhood Development Stages Affect Adult Life

Introduction Many people do not recall their first two or three years when they were toddlers, but early life experiences are likely to live with them for many years. As such, early learning continue to shape their actions into adult life. While upbringing ordeals one undergoes when growing up characterize...

David Elkind’s Theory of Adolescence

Traditionally defined as adolescents’ inability to draw the line between the actual idea that other people have of them and their interpretation of others’ perception of them, adolescent egocentrism is a term coined by David Elkind (Santrock, 2015). The phenomenon is quite common in most adolescent people. In fact, the...

Erikson Psychosocial Developmental Theory Stages

Abstract Human developmental life stages explain the changes children undergo as they grow and mature. Various theories have been created to explain the different development aspects that include cognitive, emotional, and social growth. Developmental life stages in human is a varied and rich subject to study. Everyone has their personal...

Adult Development Theories: Erikson’s and Arnett’s Theories

Introduction The time of the beginning of adulthood is a controversial measurement for defining this stage of one’s life. The reason for it is the difference of approaches of different scholars to the problem. The traditional specialists who developed stage theories with their specificities and struggles, such as Erik Erikson...

Worldview and Development Theories

Why Worldview Matters Every individual has a different and unique way of viewing the world. Worldviews are how people see and interpret the world around them. There are different world realities for everyone due to the circumstances we grow up. For instance, the economic conditions of a person, education, and...

Human Development as per Erikson’s Theory

When I think of older people, the ideas of a different perspective on life, health issues, and the need for support come to my mind. Such connections are common for many people, and they result from different contexts, such as media, social stereotypes, and personal experience with one’s grandparents (Brierley,...

Development Theories and Application to Personal Life

The theories of development allow understanding oneself by using self-reflection and considering the key milestones. According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, my development began with recognizing the objects and creating certain schemes during the sensimotor stage up to the age of two (Babakr et al., 2019). From seven to...

Bowlby’s Attachment Theory and Its Impact on Human Life

The establishment of relationships between a mother and a child is a vital stage in human development. However, today, the mother is not the only caregiver involved in a child’s life. Therefore, much attention is paid to the evaluation and improvement of emotional bonds. In the middle of the 1990s,...

Psychological Theories: Kohlberg’s Theory, Bandura’s Theory

The strengths and challenges to Kohlberg’s theory Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development is a simplistic model which is based on the premise that moral development is intrinsically linked to cognitive development, thus loosely associated with age. The theory suggests that there are three stages of moral development, preconvention, conventional, and...

Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Human Development

Introduction Erikson’s theory of psychosocial growth is a critical, and useful theory in relation to our lives. Life is a never-ending cycle of learning and trials that help us grow.According to new research, Erikson expanded on Freud’s biological and sexually focused theory by incorporating cultural and social elements (Salkind, 2008)....

Three Theories of Moral Development

Psychologists seek to understand and identify why people behave the way they behave. Behaviours result from thoughts, which are influenced by certain factors and this is what psychologists seek to understand and analyse. Nevertheless, even though beliefs may determine one’s actions, beliefs alone cannot predict actions; similarly, actions alone cannot...

Psychology: Origins, History, and Perspectives

Introduction Psychology had a long history of development and co-existing with other fields of knowledge before becoming a separate academic discipline, molding its practice, and building up with different theories and approaches. This paper is to examine the origins and history of psychology and to compare and contrast the major...

Theories of Development: Skinner’s Theory of Operant Conditioning

Introduction Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning focuses on the study of observable behavior instead of the central mental occurrences (Henton & Iversen, 2011). In the theory, Skinner asserts that the behavior is better acknowledged through examining its causes and consequences. Even though the cause and effects relationship had already been...

Adlerian Social-Interest Theory

Introduction According to Overholser (2010), one of the main contributors to the psychotherapy school of thought was Alfred Adler. This Viennese was born on February 7, 1870, and graduated from the University of Vienna with a Medical Degree in 1895. It is noted that, at first, Adler had opted to...

The Similarities between Human Development Theories

There is substantial progress in the endeavors to clarify how human development occurs. The individuals who study human advancement contend that it includes precisely distinguished stages which impose important social differences. There are several hypotheses and suggestions that are based on stage-situated human development. Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget,...

Cognitive Development in Adolescence: Fundamental Concepts

The adolescent stage is one of the most intriguing phases of development among human beings. Although familiar to many, it implies a crucial life period that requires individuals to make critical decisions amidst various challenges. Some people may misconstrue it as a particular period of development, as any other human...

Erikson’s Theory of Development in Psychiatric Nursing

My specialty area of nursing practice is a psychiatric nurse practitioner. Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development is one of the most frequently applied in psychiatric nursing. The theory was created in the 1960s by a German-American psychologist Erik Erikson (Degges-White, 2017). The scholar developed a man of individual psychosocial development,...

“Last Child in the Woods…” by R. Louv Review

Louv’s book, Last Child in the Woods, introduced several key concepts of how daily interaction with nature is essential to our overall health. He achieved so by integrating a new and growing body of research suggesting that direct exposure to nature is crucial for healthy childhood development and the psychological...

“Career” by James Marcia: Identity Statuses

Introduction The concept of identity statuses by James Marcia stems from psychoanalytic theory and stages of psychosocial development by Erik Erikson. Marcia’s identity status interview (ISI), which “assessed the depth and breadth of exploration and the extent of commitment in the areas of occupation and ideology,” allowed the researcher to...

Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s Theories of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky developed their theories of cognitive development. These two theories were created at the same time, and that is why they are often compared. Piaget and Vygotsky studied the same phenomena, but they used different theories to explain them (Obukhova, 2016). The current paper analyses each...

Development in Early Childhood and Early Adulthood

Social and emotional development in early childhood Social development is a process through which a child creates a notion of themselves, separate their identity from their environment, and learn to comprehend the mental state of others, facilitating their adaption to a community (Rathus, 2016). This stage of development may be...

Developmental Theories for Children

Stages of development are useful in monitoring and measuring the growth of a child. The process is critical in highlighting the needs required at each stage. The physical assessment constitutes a vital criterion of measuring growth rate and behavioral change among children in different age groups. Essentially, the behavior of...

Developmental Psychology: The Developement of Logical Thinking at the Age of Six and Fourteen

Introduction Development psychology is a field focused on the examination of how people’s way of thinking and behaving changes throughout their life. Contemporary development psychology is focused on lifespan development rather than child development only, which provides many opportunities for researchers and practitioners to develop strategies of continuous learning. Since...

Human Development: A Life-Span View

Personal Introduction to Adulthood Many people mature into adulthood in significantly different ways due to the variety of circumstances that can affect the process. To explain them and obtain a better perspective on the development stage, scholars have formulated a variety of theories. Personal characteristics are a significant predictor that...

Speech on TedTalks, Brown About Discomfort

In her speech on TedTalks, Brown (2010) discussed the following statement: “Lean into the discomfort of the work”. In my point of view, it means to think outside the box and focus on challenges, as well as the ways to improve. For example, in social work, it is especially important...

Psychology in the Classroom

Getting into educating young children, one must fully realize that teaching skills and knowledge on the specific subject are not enough for success. It demands understanding specific groups of students’ psychology as well. Children up to the age of 8 are especially vulnerable as they are only starting to learn...

Adolescent Egocentrism Concept by David Elkind

Adolescent egocentrism is a concept that has attracted diverse views among different people. David Elkind developed this idea based on the personal fable and imaginary audience components (Bell & Bromnick, 2003). He argued that adolescents experience mentally constructed anticipations about what others think and the way they react to them....

Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Approach

Introduction With the rapid development of developmental psychology, researchers tried to formulate a universal definition of age to offer some developmental patterns for individuals regardless of their environment. However, nowadays, a variety of age conceptions exist, which are differentiated in terms of cultural and social background that might distort the...

James Marcia’s Adolescent Identity Development

The theory of James Marcia is an effective tool, which describes decision-making related to one’s career. It is based on the notions of commitment and a crisis (Kim E, 2016). A commitment is the course of actions one takes to reveal the preferences of specific activities. A crisis, in turn,...

Theories of Human Development

Introduction Human development theories help social scientists, psychologists, and educators learn more about how people change throughout their lives. The importance of learning more about human development is significant as “Knowing about other people and their circumstances can help us live and work with them more effectively” (Lumen Learning, 2017,...

Development Theory: Freud v. Erickson

Zigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are widely known in the field of psychology, mainly for the creation of well-known developmental theories. Even though Freud’s psychosexual approach and the psychosocial methods of Erikson are severely distinctive from each other, the two models have much in common. The following paper is focused...

Freud, Erikson, Piaget on Development & Play Years

Introduction Theorists such as Freud, Erikson, Piaget, and Vigotsky developed different theories centered on human development. Some of these theories are centered on environmental influences, societies role on human development, stages that humans must go through in order to develop, and others speak on theories that say humans are active...

Models of Human Development

There are several hypotheses that try to explain human progression. Several concepts have explained different aspects of human nature, such as emotional, social, and cognitive growth. Jean Piaget was a psychologist from Switzerland who was known for having pioneered a cognitive growth theory for human advancement (Chung, 2018). In addition,...

Experience of Psychological Conflicts

This study aims to analyze two interviews based on the views of Erikson, Vaillant, Levinson, and Peck. The paper will assess the answers and place the interviewees on the development stages according to different theories. Answers Review The subjects of the research are a man and a woman, 45 and...

Relational Cultural Theory

Introduction Relational cultural theory refers to a branch of psychology that deals with human relations. The theory states that it is important for society to sustain relationships that promote growth (Walker, 2004). According to the theory, growth applies if people create inclusive relationships that support joint success rather than individual...

Psychology. Ecological System Theory

Introduction Literatures in early childhood are on the increasing end due to the early experiences and recognition of theories supporting human development. With the contribution of these theories, people came to recognize the importance of gender, adult and childhood in improving levels and eminence of education system. The contemporary society...

Observational Learning Theory

Importance of Pavlov Work In the current world, Pavlovs Classical Conditioning Theory remains of relevance. It was a simple experiment on how dogs salivated with bell ringing but it has opened the world eyes on Conditional Learning (Mayers, 2008). In fact, Conditional Learning follows Pavlov’s procedure of using unconditioned stimulus...

True Experimental Research Methods

True experiment Experiments are largely conducted to find out if certain phenomena exist or not. To find out this, scientists conduct studies in various ways. One of the methods of finding out the existence of a phenomenon is through true experiments. Empirically, true experiments are a technique that social scientists...

Motivating for Appropriate Behavior

The theory of motivation is an important aspect in organizational behavior (Scott 12). It is an element that greatly affects the attitudes and levels of energy within a workforce in the workplace (Hanney 7). Hence, organizations need to factor all this if they have to maintain a well-functioning team. Scenario...

Psychology: Interview With Mr. Kazam Husane-Zada

My interview was with Mr. Kazam Husane-Zada. He is 67 years old, living in Bayonne and is, currently, a teacher at Irvington High School. He was born on December 11, 1943 in the city of Abadan, Iran. He does not remember when he started sitting or walking, but states that...

The Unifying Theory of Developmental Psychology

In a number of progressive sciences, a single unifying theory, helping to explain numerous research problems within the frameworks of those sciences, exists. The field of developmental psychology is not unified by a single overarching theory which can be seen in a variety of complex explanations behind different phenomena in...

Evolutionary Psychology: Reactive Heritability

Introduction People happen to experience, evaluate and react to similar environments in different ways, which starts from the moment of birth. Extravert children tend to strive after people and occurrences around them, whereas introvert children tend to ignore them. A shrill voice evoking a touchy girl’s tears might provoke no...

Developmental Psychology: Personal reflection

Introduction Developmental psychology is concerned with the transformations that happen in the life of individuals. Initially, this field had given a lot of consideration to the changes that occur among infants and children. However, current developments have seen the inclusion of adolescents, adults and the aged (Belsky, 2010). Developmental psychologists...

Eriksonian Psychosocial Development Stages

Abstract Human growth and development is a stage that presents a lot of complexity. Every stage carries its own form of challenges that if not properly dealt with can linger for as long as it’s not reconciled with the present challenges. Some form of alienation from the system or society...

Theory of Attachment ​In Adult

Attachment Freud’s major insights into the early experience, close relationships, and defensive mechanisms were preserved with Bowlby’s modern theory of attachment. The more modern view of the child’s tie to the mother, motivation, and development has replaced Freud’s opinions of dependency and drive reduction (Waters, 2005, p. 82). Attachment development...

Personality in Psychoanalytic and Humanistic Theories

Abstract Personality is such a complicated subject that it evades a simple definition. There is no defined criterion for determining personality. Critics of personality theories argue that a person’s behavior cannot be the basis of determining personality type. However, there are several valid efforts at defining personality theories. One of...

Piaget’s, Vygotsky’s, and Scaffolding Theories

Piaget’s theory of cognitive development indicates that children undergo four different stages of cognitive development. The four stages include the Sensorimotor stage, Pre-operational stage, Concrete operational stage, and the Formal operational stage. Cognitive development starts after birth, when the child starts experiencing sensations in the environment. During the Sensorimotor stage,...

Personality Theory: Humanistic and Dispositional Methods

Introduction Human behavior and personality are the focus of different studies. In psychology, these two entities can be viewed from a variety of different perspectives. For example, the scholars that study human personality using humanistic theories and those who follow the dispositional approach will emphasize different features of personality and...

Human Minds in Twain’s The Lowest Animal – Psychology

Knowing what is wrong is not enough to stay away from making mistakes like lying, cheating, hurting, taking revenge, punishing, and offending. However, why do so many people pleasure themselves in taking revenge? Every single one of us is aware that doing this is wrong and bad, and it is...

Modern Theories of Motivation in Psychology

After the First World War, there was a shift in organizational studies due to the effects that psychological studies and human resources had on organizations. The initiation of the change is known as the Hawthorne effect. The effect focused on the motivation of teams and groups to the achievement of...