Theories and Issues in Child Development

Freud Sigmund was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis. Freud’s theories about psychoanalysis were based on his clinical observations and personal life experiences (Bower, 2018). Freud’s most significant accomplishment was his development of the psychoanalytic theory of personality development, which posited that unconscious sexual and aggressive drives primarily drive human personality development. Freud’s theory addressed two critical issues in human psychology: the role of sex in human psychology and the role of aggression in human psychology (Bower, 2018). Freud’s theory has been enormously influential in psychology, and his ideas about the unconscious mind, sexuality, and aggression continue to be widely studied and debated.

Freud Sigmund was born in Freiberg, Moravia in 1856. Freud’s family moved to Vienna when he was four years old, and he was educated at the University of Vienna. He graduated from medical school in 1881 and then worked for two years as a hospital resident (Bower, 2018). Freud began to study neurology and soon became interested in the work of French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot. Freud became interested in psychology and began studying with Austrian philosopher Franz Brentano (Bower, 2018).

Freud eventually developed his philosophy of psychoanalysis. Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis is based on the premise that human behavior is determined by unconscious drives and impulses (Bower, 2018). Freud believed that these drives and impulses often conflict with one another. Freud’s theory addresses two crucial issues: the nature of human consciousness and the role of sexuality in human development. Freud’s theory has had a profound impact on both psychology and culture.

Freud Sigmund is considered one of the most influential people in the development of psychoanalysis theory. Freud Sigmund’s accomplishments are many and varied, but they all contributed to developing this vital ideology (Zhang, 2020). Freud Sigmund first proposed the idea of the unconscious mind, a significant breakthrough in our understanding of the human psyche. Freud Sigmund also proposed the concept of repression, which is another critical part of psychoanalysis theory (Zhang, 2020). Freud Sigmund’s work on these and other topics laid the foundation for developing psychoanalysis theory. His work continues to be essential to our understanding of the human mind.

Freud Sigmund’s most significant accomplishment was developing the theory of psychoanalysis. Freud believed that the human mind was divided into three parts: the id, ego, and superego. The id is the part of the mind that contains our basic drives and desires (Zhang, 2020). The ego is the part of the mind that helps us deal with reality and make rational decisions. According to Zhang (2020), the superego is the part of the mind that contains our moral values and beliefs. Freud also believed that our early childhood experiences play a role in shaping our personality. Freud’s theories have profoundly impacted our understanding of human behavior (Zhang, 2020). Freud’s ideas have been influential in psychology, psychiatry, and literature. He also discovered the role of unconsciousness in human behavior. Freud’s work has helped many people understand the complex workings of the human mind.

His work has led to the development of numerous therapeutic techniques still in use today. In addition, Freud’s ideas have strongly influenced fields such as literature, film and philosophy. Two important issues that Freud’s theory addresses are the role of early childhood experiences in shaping adult personality and the importance of unconscious mental processes in human behavior. Despite his fame, Freud’s work was often criticized by other academics. Many of Freud’s ideas were controversial and difficult to prove scientifically. Nevertheless, Freud’s work has had a lasting impact on our understanding of human psychology and behavior.


Zhang, S. (2020). Psychoanalysis: The influence of Freud’s theory in personality psychology. 229–232. Atlantis Press. Web.

Bower, M. (2018). The life and work of Joan Riviere: Freud, Klein and female sexuality (1st ed.). Routledge. Web.

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PsychologyWriting. "Theories and Issues in Child Development." November 15, 2023.