This post will discuss two developmental theories, Erickson’s psychosocial development, and Kohlberg’s moral development. Erickson argues that personality development is divided into eight stages and focuses on developing the I of the individual. The first two stages are for very young children; hence I don’t remember them. In the third stage, the child’s development is in an Industry vs. Inferiority. The child begins to set conscious and risky goals, and in case of failure, maybe aggressive with the parents. I tried to learn how to paint landscapes at this age, and if it didn’t work out, I came home and shouted at my parents. At the fourth stage, children begin active socialization and search for their place in society (Learn My Test, 2019). I decided that I was more intelligent than other children; therefore, I was the first to solve logic problems. The fifth stage takes place at the age of 13-19. Like all teenagers, during this period, I was in conflict with my parents, changed my hobbies, and tried to find myself. I had no development experience in the later stages; therefore, they will not be discussed here.
Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is an adaptation of Piaget’s psychological theory. According to the modified hypothesis, human evolution is divided into three levels, pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional. The first stage is typical for children; some are afraid of punishment for interference, others may get involved in an unpleasant situation, thinking that someday they may find themselves in the same position. The second level is aimed at adults and adolescents since it relates to public opinion. A person may think about following the rules or what others will say about him. I believe that I am at this stage of development since I often make responsible decisions. For example, when I choose to go for a walk with friends or sit with textbooks, I prefer the last. It is because I want to be successful and get public approval for my actions.
Learn My Test. (2019). Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development explained [Video]. YouTube. Web.