Cognitive development is a concept, which encompasses all forms of cognitive and developmental processes, such as perception, memory, conceptual thinking, problem-solving, imagination, and logic. This epistemological theory has given many basic concepts in the studies of developmental psychology. It explores the growth of rationality, which means the ability to more accurately reflect the surrounding environment and conduct complex cognitive operations on images of concepts that arise in interaction with the general surrounding. The theory considers the appearance and construction of schemes in the development stage, and it is a time when children receive new ways of representing information in the brain.
The main attributes of the theory are manifested in its components. These are the stage approach, psychometric approach, and information processing approach (Arnett, 2015). According to the stage theory of cognitive development, the most critical part of the development occurs during the initial stage, because it can be heavily influenced by low birth weight (Linsell et al., 2015). In other words, if a child is born very preterm, then he or she will most likely possess cognitive development problems. There are 98 possible risk factors, which can also influence the overall development (Linsell et al., 2015). For example, it can be used in psychology to predict future cognitive abnormalities. The psychometric approach is primarily focused on measuring one’s personality traits, abilities, adaptive capacity, and attitudes (Lockwood et al., 2015). The information processing approach is based on the overall capability to assess and comprehend information.
In conclusion, it is important to note that cognitive development concepts attempt to analyze a person through his or her current stage of development as well as understand the relevance of essential traits and information processing capacity. The most basic influences, such as food and weight, can play a critical role in the early stages, whereas in pre-adulthood, one should consider using a psychometric approach. Information processing is critical to assess a person’s intelligence and cognitive abilities.
Arnett, J. J. (2015). The Oxford handbook of emerging adulthood. Oxford University Press.
Linsell, L., Malouf, R., Morris, J., Kurinczuk, J. J., & Marlow, N. (2015). Prognostic factors for poor cognitive development in children born very preterm or with very low birth weight: A systematic review. JAMA Pediatrics, 169(12), 1162–1172.
Lockwood, M., Raymond, C. M., Oczkowski, E, & Morrison, M. (2015). Measuring the dimensions of adaptive capacity: A psychometric approach. Ecology and Society, 20(1), 1–13.