The adolescent stage is critical and requires significant self-growth to stabilize the future. The stabilization of human beings appears in a different perspective of themselves is identity formation. Adolescents advance an active sense of self, individuality, personality, and connection with other people. It is influenced by several factors such as age, race, environment, gender, appearance, social status and skills, physical appearance, and intelligence. Following Crocetti (2017), amid adolescence, the many biological, cognitive, and social changes that develop encourage young people to think about themselves, reflect on the kind of people they want to become, and find their place in society. According to Mark’s story, he declined to create his identity formation, which impacted his life negatively. Deficiency in identity formation brought immense confusion in Mark’s life that made him fail to understand himself, affecting the decisions he made.
Resilience is a core skill for an adolescent to ensure adulthood with fewer challenges. According to Malhi et al. (2019), it is determined by both extrinsic (environmental) and intrinsic (genes and personality) factors and the interactions between the environment and genetic variants. Mark’s interaction with his family affected his resilient nature; he faced challenges ineffectively. He lacked the courage to endure the difficulties in making critical decisions concerning his life.
International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), has categorized components of functioning and disability. The performance areas of an adolescent are learning and applying knowledge, general tasks, and demands communication mobility, self-care, domestic life, interpersonal interactions, and relationships in major life areas community, social and civic life (Crocetti, 2017). One would help Mark feel positive about himself by attempting creative tasks together. It will help him feel coordinated and gain the courage to carry out different activities by himself securely.
Crocetti, E. (2017). Identity formation in adolescence: The dynamic of forming and consolidating identity commitments. Child Development Perspectives, 11(2), 145-150.
Malhi, G. S., Das, P., Bell, E., Mattingly, G., & Mannie, Z. (2019). Modelling resilience in adolescence and adversity: A novel framework to inform research and practice. Translational Psychiatry, 9(1), 1-16.