Peer support interventions play an essential role in children’s speech, such as those who have autism. They are significant to both the teaching process and the social-cognitive development of school children. However, the tendency of low interactions in the current world has raised a concern in the education curriculum. More especially, advancements in technology and social media have adversely impacted how students form relationships as they grow. Moreover, they can be used in reducing the behaviors that cause autism through learning and awareness creation. By implementing the group support approaches, the children with autism will be helped to communicate through emphasis reduction of bad behaviors.
Summary of the Articles
The primary goals of group interventions are to improve speech and enhance good in young children with communication problems. As such, Samson et al. (2015) have explored the benefits of speech recognition software that helps the learners communicate well.
Thus, most of the findings were based on the implications; only a few could focus on speech therapy software benefits. Moreover, Samson et al. (2015), in their research, have affirmed that there is a difference in the way small children interact with each other. Alternatively, peer approaches relate to the type and nature of the children’s environment when growing. Therefore, the beginning of identifying the problem is by acknowledging the benefits before addressing the adverse impacts.
Online media, through assistive technology, despite the negative impacts, can be used as an approach to increase the speech and communication of young children. Research studies have contended that mass-media has altered various facets of modern life, although they have improved young children’s speech. For instance, through online media, parents or guardians communicate with others who have the same problem and find solutions.
Moreover, 21st-century youths have been defined and ruled by the time spent on online media platforms. These impacts have a vital connection to the school and, more specifically, the students’ learning environment. Currently, everybody is on the run to save time, which most of the people spend online. In contrast, some scholars argue that based on the negative impacts of online media, it is also significant to the research on the benefits of technology on young children’s communication and speech aspects (Albein-Urios et al., 2020). Technology can be used as an approach to educating the parents on how to handle speech disorders. Therefore, social media will play an essential role in creating peer interventions for young children.
Applied behavioral analysis is one of the most popular techniques in schools. Thus, this technique involves the teachers encouraging good behaviors and discouraging bad behaviors based on the article. There is a variety of skills that are gained through the behavioral track. In their research, Aravamudhan and Awasthi (2019) have argued that behavioral techniques are taught with three major methods: discrete trial training. Under this method, the learner is taken through a series of behaviors and skills geared to one final positive behavior.
Thus, the teacher mainly targets one behavior per training segment. Early intensive behavioral intervention is another method that is used for young children. It is recommended for young children, most preferably less than five years of age. The method uses a highly structured approach to building positive behaviors in the learning process. For instance, it enhances good communication skills among young children.
Occupational therapy is another approach that has played an essential role in solving autism speech disorders among young children. Occupational therapy involves teaching learners how to be as independent as possible. Kersner (2015) has argued that most of the learners at this stage are taught how to do things alone. Being independent helps them to mature and start reasoning over themselves. As a result, the speech act is triggered by the emotions and concentration on the activities. Furthermore, actions, such as how to relate with other people have been confirmed as the best ways of increasing their communication with their peers. It plays an essential role in making the learner communicate easily with others. Therefore, through speech therapy, the teachers get to know the problems learners experience and implement better solutions to the issues.
Moreover, medication can be applied in solving the speech disorders. There are no specific medications that can eradicate them completely, although there are medicines that can help the learner function better. As such, in their research, Chapin et al. (2018) have argued that medication helps manage a high level of energy and maintain the learner’s focus. Thus, it is easy to increase learning communication skills when the right medication has been applied.
Moreover, in the research, the scholars have argued that medication works differently for children (Chapin et al., 2018). Thus, the parent or teacher must ensure the prescription given is recommended by a professional. Tracking the behavioral changes of the child helps the doctor in prescribing the right treatment for the child. As a result, through the right medication, many autism speech disorders have been solved globally.
Limitations of Previous Studies on Interpersonal Relationships
The previous findings on peer approaches have not factored in the primary causes and best methods of solving the issue. For instance, most research studies have focused on the impacts of low interactions between learners and educators. In their research, Albein-Urios et al. (2020) have explored the major implications of the methodology of unraveling the issues of peer interactions and communication. Therefore, the method of answering the problems must be identified for a better solution to be implemented.
The earlier readings conducted by many scholars have left gaps that should be addressed. For example, more concentration should be given to the causes of the problem under research in the future. The analysis must focus on the grassroots population, more significantly when researching at the family and student personal level. Studies on how social media and technology can be applied to solve speech disorders must be focused on. They will help in creating better remedies for learners in the future. As such, it will be easy to address the current issues of communication challenges among young learners.
The Relevance of the Research to the Population
The study will increase the quality of interactive sessions in schools, more specifically, in applied behavioral analysis. The research targets the students and teachers in learning centers because they are the most affected. Furthermore, schools carry a significant percentage of the population globally. As a result, the world education sector will positively impact society by providing solutions to speech disorders (Aravamudhan & Awasthi, 2019). The study also creates more room for quality collaborations in the school and other sectors of the economy. The idea is supported as most of the students will work in different environments. The education sector will also create policies that will establish remedies to low interactions at school through this research. Thus, the survey best suits the population in the field of psychology.
This research aims to solve the problem of speech and communication at school and further assess the impact on the cognitive, social development, and learning process of the learners. The analysis will employ better approaches to increase the accuracy of this study. Similarly, the methods will be utilized to test the efficient strategies that will be used during research. Hybrid effectiveness design will be the major intervention in this study.
The main aim will be to promote external validity to make the process of conducting clinical trials easy. As a result, some questions will be asked to illustrate the significant challenges learners experience in school due to autism speech disorders. Besides, practical tests will be done to check on the quality of learning interactions in class. Hence, the interventions will make it easy to research the issue without much bias to increase accuracy.
The right to communicate is a major goal of every learner, either at school or at home. Without this, most learners will lack access to quality learning because of limited contact with their peers, contributing to low performance. Autism speech disorders are major problems affecting young children globally. Furthermore, schools have lacked sufficient and quality time for better communication because of poor technology implementation in the approaches used. As a result, addressing speech disorders will significantly change the cognitive and learning process at school.
Albein-Urios, N., Youssef, G., Klas, A., & Enticott, P. G. (2020). Inner speech moderates the relationship between autism spectrum traits and emotion regulation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Web.
Aravamudhan, S., & Awasthi, S. (2019). Behavioral interventions to treat speech sound disorders in children with autism. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 13(1), 174-185. Web.
Chapin, S., Boyle, S., Babb, S., & McNaughton, D. (2018). Effects of peer support interventions on the communication of preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review. Seminars in Speech and Language, 39(05), 443-457. Web.
Kersner, M. (2015). Speech, language and communication problems in young children. In Supporting Young Children with Communication Problems (4th ed.) (pp. 1-12).
Samson, A. C., Hardan, A. Y., Lee, I. A., Phillips, J. M., & Gross, J. J. (2015). Maladaptive behavior in autism spectrum disorder: The role of emotion experience and emotion regulation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45(11), 3424-3432. Web.