Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts

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With the innovational advancement in spacecraft and observational technology, there is a growing demand on the cosmonauts resilient to stress and adaptation challenges. Notwithstanding, there are different stages with comparing objectives which incorporate adjusting towards the new space climate, setting productive work systems or schedules, planning for the Mars arrival, and getting back home. These tasks bring many risks to the mental wellbeing of astronauts. The potentially effective method to eliminate the possible problems is to use positive psychology approach.

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Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts

Proof shows that a mix of complex variables can influence human wellbeing during a spaceflight mission, affecting mental stability (Pagel & Choukèr, 2016). Past experience has likewise uncovered that the main issues, after the biomedical ones, are the mental issues, particularly those identified with the separation and restraint for an extended time (Pagel & Choukèr, 2016). Furthermore, the excursion to Mars would significantly confound a greater amount of these danger factors since the mission will take several years to complete. During this time, the crewmembers will encounter seclusion, hypo incitement, fatigue, and correspondence with the Earth will not be available.

Psychological Issues Obtained during Space Mission

Cosmonauts get through different phases of psychological challenges during a long period in space. In the first three or four months, crewmembers primarily center around adaptation to the physiological changes. These actual transformations incite stress and execution issues in this stage. When adjustment to the new conditions is reached in the second stage that is trailed by the most troublesome third stage, where mental issues are probably going to happen, the third stage begins after around four months in space (Cohen et al., 2016). Extreme stressors in this stage are dreariness and fatigue, detachment from loved ones, and the absence of personal space because of all-time contact with the other crewmembers (Botella et al., 2016). The fourth stage begins right before the finish of the mission. It inspires happiness yet additionally worries as to completing the mission (Cohen et al., 2016). Inside these various stages during an extensive and depleting mission, spacemen have to go through a new adaptation period to another environment.

Human interactions are one of the primary concerns when considering sending the crewmembers to work and live together for more than a year. Comparative decrements in life and fixation viability have been accounted for in space research members presented to unpleasant occasions over the long haul, showing a progression of individual execution results across stress-inciting conditions (Pagel & Choukèr, 2016). In addition, the example with SFINCSS-99 where the involvement of people with different nationalities in the team induced many conflicts. This prompted the withdrawal of one crewmember volunteer, illustrating the human conduct component as the most unpredictable part of plans for expanded long-span space investigation missions (Pagel & Choukèr, 2016). Moreover, specialists notice that past accomplishment of spaceflight missions might be only successful due to the comparatively shorter period spent in space. The current strategies in the management of potential psychological problems of astronauts may prove less effective in practice.

Social isolation and confinement are the biggest challenges when leaving the planet for work. Detachment and rejection from a gathering of people just as restrictions have been types of punishment since the early ages and keep on being the situation in social orders and penitentiaries everywhere in the world (Botella et al., 2016). Consequently, deliberate long-haul restriction with an only a small group of individuals can cause strains on people (Cohen et al., 2016). Human behavioral patterns and physiology are essentially modified by seclusion and repression. The connected unfriendly consequences for the human body should be investigated and characterized as they, to a great extent, affect the mission’s results.

Rest is a fundamental human need that typically happens in a transiently typical example, starting around evening time and stopping with the day. Modification or disturbance of this ordinary circadian example influences rest length and may actuate a rest shortfall (Botella et al., 2016). Asthenia is depicted as weakness, emotional lability, diminished work limit, and rest unsettling influences that have been seen in cosmonauts (Pagel & Choukèr, 2016). The absence of rest adds to the pressure and a shortcoming in psychological and psychomotor execution.

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Living in a limited area for a long period opens the gathering to persistent, total pressure from a lack of environmental sources of nature. This is an undeniably significant issue as missions become longer since stressors and weakness push aggregate after some time. Stress impacts are likewise facilitated by unforeseen decreases in living space, livability, or security, which may turn out to be much more genuine as missions include longer-term and lower availability (Cohen et al., 2016). Boredom and monotonous leisure are other traits of secluded and bound conditions that will probably impact conduct and execution on long-term spaceflights (Cohen et al., 2016). Past research in simple settings demonstrates that the absence of variety in the physical and social climate can bring about weariness.

Possible Countermeasures

Positive psychology research is an accepted way to deal with contemplating human mental problems associated with conduct, stress, contemplation, and sleep deprivation, with attention to qualities rather than shortcomings. As a field in psychological science, it invests a lot of its energy contemplating subjects like character qualities, hopefulness, life fulfillment, bliss, prosperity, appreciation, sympathy, confidence and fearlessness, expectation, and rise (Botella et al., 2016). Intercessions that advance pressure alleviation incorporate exercises such as confidence contemplation and care sessions (Botella et al., 2016). There, people make good inclinations toward themselves as well as other people by being all the more carefully associated with the present.

The professional decision of being a space astronaut helps in understanding what is significant to individuals about working in space throughout everyday life and the reasons they need to accomplish the mission. An individual who has lucidity of objectives and assumptions is bound to feel more joyful and substance (Cohen et al., 2016). In the event that a member comprehends his inspirations driving going to space as an option that could be more profound than simply an occupation, it will be a lot simpler to defeat every one of the psychological intricacies related to the calling. The analysts can keep up group emotional wellbeing by giving them tokens of associations with Earth, like music, sound tapes, and other individual things.


Space explorers on long-term missions are exposed to numerous variables that may influence their wellbeing, prosperity, and execution of mission-related obligations. A portion of these components is exceptional to the space climate, while others are additionally present in different conditions. Members exposed to space conditions can experience average indications going from neurocognitive changes, weariness, unstable sleep cycle, rest problems, modified pressure levels, and compromised immune system. Positive brain science intercessions can be valuable for treating isolation, nervousness, and stress problems.

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Botella, C., Banes, R. M., Etchemendy, E., García-Palacios, A., & Alcañiz, M. (2016). Psychological countermeasures in manned space missions: “EARTH” system for the Mars-500 project. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 898–908. Web.

Cohen, I., den Braber, N., Smets, N. J. J. M., van Diggelen, J., Brinkman, W.-P., & Neerincx, M. A. (2016). Work content influences on cognitive task load, emotional state and performance during a simulated 520-days’ Mars mission. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 642–652. Web.

Pagel, J. I., & Choukèr, A. (2016). Effects of isolation and confinement on humans-implications for manned space explorations. Journal of Applied Physiology, 120(12), 1449–1457. Web.

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PsychologyWriting. (2022, August 3). Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts. Retrieved from


PsychologyWriting. (2022, August 3). Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts.

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"Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts." PsychologyWriting, 3 Aug. 2022,


PsychologyWriting. (2022) 'Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts'. 3 August.


PsychologyWriting. 2022. "Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts." August 3, 2022.

1. PsychologyWriting. "Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts." August 3, 2022.


PsychologyWriting. "Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts." August 3, 2022.