Various studies have been carried out to determine how to measure intelligence. Several theologists and scientists have disagreed on whether intelligence is genetic or an influence brought by the environment one grew up in. According to Bates & Gupta (2017), the first group intelligence test was conducted in the early 1900s by Alfred Binet after the government passed laws that required all children to attend school. The intelligence test was to be used as a specialized tool that would recognize children needing technical assistance. Intelligence tests are aimed at evaluating the intellectual abilities of a child (Gensowski, 2018). Group intelligence tests are intended to measure an individual’s intellectual capabilities and how it compares to other members of the same group. The test’s purposes were to determine comprehension of previously acquired knowledge and test sophisticated memory tasks and judgment. Sample test items included age, which is comprised of chronological age and mental age.
These intelligence tests have been used over the years by various tutors in different institutions at the end of each grade to qualify a learner for college, graduate school, medical school, or law school. The scores received from the test determine if a student is legible for a scholarship or not. Following Cejas et al. (2018), with many academic achievements, students will take intelligence tests during their academic careers. This ensures that students are up for the task ahead of them. It should be noted that these tests do not measure life success. In some career endeavors like the military, the tests are used to measure the candidates’ intelligence, some of whom are illiterate. Those that can not read and write are subjected to non-verbal reasoning questions to access their intelligence. When an individual is done with school, the intelligence level can determine what the person will do later in life. The creative one may indulge in the art field and become a musician where creativity is highly praised. On most occasions, those with a high intelligence quotient are involved in the scientific and writing sectors.
Bates, T., & Gupta, S. (2017). Smart groups of smart people: Evidence for IQ as the origin of collective intelligence in the performance of human groups. Intelligence, 60(1), 46-56. Web.
Cejas, I., Mitchell, C. M., Hoffman, M., Quittner, A. L., & CDaCI Investigative Team. (2018). Comparisons of IQ in children with and without cochlear implants: Longitudinal findings and associations with language. Ear and Hearing, 39(6), 1187. Web.
Gensowski, M. (2018). Personality, IQ, and lifetime earnings. Labour Economics, 51(1), 170-183. Web.