Intervention Levels in Community Psychology

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Intervening at Different Levels of Organizations Intervening at Different Levels of Organizations

Community psychology is the field firmly focused on enhancing people’s lives in various settings, namely: organizations, society, groups of people, or on an individual level. However, the experts need to follow basic rules of intervention on different levels to achieve fruitful outcomes for their work. To be more particular, methods employed to solve a social issue on an organizational level are likely to be inappropriate for tackling individual issues of a person. Still, the field is full of various theories that also should be implemented into designing improvements for achieving more productive and effective results. For instance, Kelly’s holistic approach focuses on providing people with new, more advanced settings than previous ones to provoke a person’s adjustment (Jason et al., 2016). As a result, by targeting social levels based on the ecological framework, community psychologists need to address or enhance policies, programs, and institutions that surround people on a daily basis. In other words, such interventions are bound to affect society in a broader scope and, therefore, achieve more fruitful outcomes compared to the solutions to individual issues (Robinson et al., 2017). Overall, such an intervention level is definitely the most comprehensive; it still seems similar to some previously stated settings.

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As for the more minor levels of intervention, the second largest one is an organizational setting, which shares similar approaches to the social one; however, it still does not have such a broad scope. To be more particular, community psychologists target the organizational level by enhancing the well-being of a specific organization or institution. Therefore, the design or creation of improvements to cater to the needs of employees, employers, or other people strongly connected to the chosen organization (Robinson et al., 2017). The community interventions appear to be somewhat similar to the organizational ones since they also target particular groups of people and design the solutions based on members’ requirements and expectations (Robinson et al., 2017). As for the smaller groups, community psychologists tackle their issues, focusing on their specific needs and, therefore, reaching a small outcome compared to the organizational or social interventions. Still, it is significant to note that individual interventions require almost the same amount of time as solutions designed to affect more people; however, their result is far less fruitful on the general level. Nevertheless, all the intervention levels of community psychology are crucial and should be conducted in order to maintain the decent well-being of every individual, whether one is addressed within the institution or on one’s own.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Community Psychology Intervention

Improving the well-being of people on various intervention levels seems inconsistent as they require different approaches and methods to be achieved. As a result, some of the solutions might bring more disadvantages to the outcome rather than advantages (Robinson et al., 2017). The most effective intervention is a social level since it targets a more significant number of people and, therefore, solves members’ problems in the same period as addressing everyone’s particular dilemmas on an individual level. Furthermore, the same advantage is strongly related to the organizational and community interventions since they also refer to more individuals and require a reasonable amount of time to be conducted.

However, sometimes some members might have different issues which community psychologists would not tackle in the process since they would be more focused on solving the united problem of every group member. As for the smaller groups and individual interventions, community psychologists spend a considerable amount of time designing the proper solutions and enhancement plans to cater to the needs of individuals (Robinson et al., 2017). Nevertheless, such intentions require more effort, though their result is far less impressive, considering that experts manage to enhance the well-being of a smaller number of people during this time.

Community psychology is the field firmly focused on enhancing people’s lives in various settings, namely: organizations, society, groups of people, or on an individual level. However, the experts need to follow basic rules of intervention on different levels to achieve fruitful outcomes of their work. To be more particular, methods employed to solve a social issue on an organizational level are likely to be inappropriate for tackling individual issues of a person. Still, the field is full of various theories that also should be implemented into designing improvements for achieving more productive and effective results. For instance, Kelly’s holistic approach focuses on providing people with new, more advanced settings than previous ones to provoke a person’s adjustment (Jason et al., 2016). As a result, by targeting social levels based on the ecological framework, community psychologists need to address or enhance policies, programs, institutions that surround people on a daily basis. In other words, such interventions are bound to affect society in a broader scope and, therefore, achieve more fruitful outcomes compared to the solutions of individual issues (Robinson et al., 2017). Overall, such an intervention level is definitely the most comprehensive; it still seems similar to some previously stated settings.

As for the more minor levels of intervention, the second largest one is an organizational setting, which shares similar approaches to the social one; however, it still does not have such a broad scope. To be more particular, community psychologists target the organizational level by enhancing the wellbeing of a specific organization or institution. Therefore, they design or create improvements to cater to the needs of employees, employers, or other people strongly connected to the chosen organization (Robinson et al., 2017). The community interventions appear to be somewhat similar to the organizational ones since they also target particular groups of people and design the solutions based on members’ requirements and expectations (Robinson et al., 2017). As for the smaller groups, community psychologists tackle their issues, focusing on their specific needs and, therefore, reach a small outcome compared to the organizational or social interventions. Still, it is significant to note that individual interventions require almost the same amount of time as solutions designed to affect more people; however, their result is far less fruitful on the general level. Nevertheless, all the intervention levels of community psychology are crucial and should be conducted in order to maintain the decent wellbeing of every individual, whether one is addressed within the institution or on one’s own.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Community Psychology Intervention

Improving the wellbeing of people on various intervention levels seems inconsistent as they require different approaches and methods to be achieved. As a result, some of the solutions might bring more disadvantages to the outcome rather than advantages (Robinson et al., 2017). The most effective intervention is a social level since it targets a more significant number of people and, therefore, solves members’ problems in the same period as addressing everyone’s particular dilemmas on an individual level. Furthermore, the same advantage is strongly related to the organizational and community interventions since they also refer to more individuals and require a reasonable amount of time to be conducted.

However, sometimes some members might have different issues which community psychologists would not tackle in the process since they would be more focused on solving the united problem of every group member. As for the smaller groups and individual interventions, community psychologists spend a considerable amount of time designing the proper solutions and enhancement plans to cater to the needs of individuals (Robinson et al., 2017). Nevertheless, such intentions require more effort, though their result is far less impressive, considering that experts manage to enhance the wellbeing of a smaller number of people during this time.

References

Jason, L. A., Stevens, E., Ram, D., Miller, S. A., Beasley, C. R., & Gleason, K. (2016). Theories in the field of community psychology. Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice, 7(2), 1–27.

Robinson, W. L., Brown, M., Beasley, C. R., & Jason, L. A. (2017). Advancing prevention intervention from theory to application: Challenges and contributions of community psychology. In M. A. Bond, I. Serrano-García, C. B. Keys, & M. Shinn (Eds.), APA handbook of community psychology: Methods for community research and action for diverse groups and issues (pp. 193–213). American Psychological Association.

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PsychologyWriting. (2022, September 10). Intervention Levels in Community Psychology. Retrieved from https://psychologywriting.com/intervention-levels-in-community-psychology/

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"Intervention Levels in Community Psychology." PsychologyWriting, 10 Sept. 2022, psychologywriting.com/intervention-levels-in-community-psychology/.

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PsychologyWriting. (2022) 'Intervention Levels in Community Psychology'. 10 September.

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PsychologyWriting. 2022. "Intervention Levels in Community Psychology." September 10, 2022. https://psychologywriting.com/intervention-levels-in-community-psychology/.

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