The cognitive process of reasoning/knowledge is an essential process related to learning, problem-solving, decision-making, and language. According to Socher et al. (2020), language and reasoning are interrelated processes, with language influencing “analogical reasoning ability” and reasoning “helping to detect new linguistic meanings” (p. 1). The primary functions of reasoning are to discover something, solve a problem, or ask a question. In cognitive psychology, knowledge/reasoning processes can be biased or belief-based, logically valid or invalid, and unbelievable, i.e., based on premises and conclusion in which a person does not believe (Bialek & Terbeck, 2016, p. 331). When a person wants to reason something, they have to find the necessary words to describe their reason. Linguistic choices and word order are of high importance for reasoning because if a person chooses improper words or suffers from language impairment, reasoning will also be impaired.
The cognitive process of knowledge/reasoning involves complex psychological processes and complex conditions. These processes comprise working memory, perception, long-term memory, emotions, and motivations. Each of these processes closely interacts with each other and results in a decision. The decision is expressed through language, both verbal and non-verbal. Moreover, language allows people to understand the ideas of others through listening and memorizing. Language also allows humans to encode, manipulate, and save concepts in effective ways. In addition, language is essential to non-verbal reasoning because of the ability of relational language to increase relational reasoning (Socher et al., 2020, p. 3). With its help, people can develop and discover new linguistic notions. One can see that the cognitive processes of reasoning/knowledge are responsible for memorizing, decision making, and problem-solving processes, and language is one of the integral elements of these processes. Through language, people can communicate and express their ideas, learn something new, and create novel linguistic meanings.
Bialek, M., & Terbeck, S. (2016). Can cognitive psychological research on reasoning enhance the discussion around moral judgements? Cogn Process, 17, 329-335. Web.
Socher, M., Ingebrand, E., Wass, M., & Lyxell, B. (2020). The relationship between reasoning and language ability: Comparing children with cochlear implants and children with typical hearing. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, 46, 1-11. Web.