Ardi, Z., & Maizura, N. (2018). The psychological analysis of divorce at early marriage. International Journal of Research in Counseling and Education, 2(2), 77-82.
Today, many families forget about or neglect the main idea of marriage and its principles and continue making mistakes that lead to quarrels, infidelity, and income differences. As a result, individuals make their decision to end marriage and divorce. Many internal and external factors determine the quality of households and lead to problems and negative impacts for a family. In their article, Ardi and Maizura (2018) aim to analyze the psychological impact of divorce at an early stage of marriage. This study begins with a description of marriage, the conditions under which people want to create families, and the definition of divorce. The main point is that not many married couples comprehend the meaning of marriage and fail to achieve the desired happiness. In a short period, they see divorce as the only option for their relationships. Early marriages that end in divorce seriously affect individuals, provoking stress, depression, sadness, and anger. Some couples demonstrate self-blame, helplessness, and despair because of the impossibility of coping with trauma. Psychological instability develops in different ways, depending on people’s interests, skills, and support. The divorce-related experience usually has a negative outcome, with doubtful desire or fear to accept a new partner in life. Ardi and Maizura (2018) explain the attitudes of family members and identify divorce with economic problems, emotional concerns, and social issues. Despite the existing research on marriage and divorce, unhappy relationships occur and challenge society from multiple perspectives, making it impossible for a wife and a husband to stay together.
An introduction remains a meaningful part of this work where the authors give clear definitions of marriage and divorce and clarify the conditions when people decide either to create families or to end their relationships. Household problems may challenge all young couples, unable to find appropriate solutions, and lead to divorce, which, in its turn, provokes negative psychological and social issues, lack of happiness, low self-esteem, and weak family contacts.
The article under evaluation does not contain a separate section with the description of methods, but the authors share a clear statement about the necessity to conduct the psychological analysis of divorce at early marriage. In this qualitative research, several internal (economic instability or violence) and external (infidelity or interference) factors are the variables that have a psychological impact on divorce and provoke ending a marriage at an early stage.
Regarding the fact that the method section is missing, there are no clearly defined results in this study, and the researchers expand the introductory part to show what findings to use in this psychological analysis. Any successful marriage consists of six major principles, namely happiness, legality, monogamy, understanding responsibilities, enhancing prosperity, and supporting the right balance, and if a husband or a wife breaks any of them, divorce may occur.
In this section, the authors explain the conditions that people use to give a solid background for divorce at early marriage and examine the psychological impact of this step on partners and other family members. Individuals who end their relationships for different reasons develop similar attitudes of hate, anger, and resentment to find out someone’s blame or demonstrate the feelings of sadness, restlessness, and discomfort to cope with divorce traumas.
Herrero, M., Martínez-Pampliega, A., & Alvarez, I. (2020). Family communication, adaptation to divorce and children’s maladjustment: The moderating role of coparenting. Journal of Family Communication, 20(2), 114–128.
Divorce is a common practice, despite its negative outcomes and damaging influence on all members. Researchers and psychologists recommend paying attention to the steps that help partners restore their relationships or avoid severe consequences in the future. Herreror et al. (2020) investigate the role of communication on family functioning and the possibility to manage divorce impact on children. Communication processes vary, depending on the husband’s and wife’s interests, skills, and beliefs, but most of them promote emotional expression and support in families. Some children and their parents demonstrate positive adaptation to divorce if they discuss all aspects of these relationships. However, it is hard to predict divorce, and some individuals cannot cope with all challenges and changes in their lives. Herreror et al. (2020) use the circumplex model to analyze the connection between cohesion, flexibility, and communication to prove communication as an effective facilitator in understanding the functions of all family members. As a result, communication between partners becomes a good chance to prevent maladjustment in families after divorce and harms children experience, observing divorce processes. The authors introduce the results of a cross-sectional study and explain the importance of psychological adjustment like depression control, aggression reduction, and positive behaviors during the divorce (Herreror et al., 2020). Well-planned communication allows us to manage all negative factors of divorce and discuss how to facilitate the acceptance of the fact that a family no longer exists in its previous form. Divorced individuals can achieve adequate adjustment and support their children through open communication.
Although divorce is a risk factor for children’s maladjustment, not all families report negative outcomes and prove the possibility to avoid conflicts and problems by demonstrating their skills in communication and solid family functioning knowledge. There are two research questions in the Introduction to clarify if positive family communication affects family adaptation to divorce and psychological maladjustment in children and to evaluate the connection between divorce adaptation and children’s maladjustment.
This cross-sectional study is qualitative research in which 309 Spanish parents, who met the criterion of high interparental conflict, agreed to participate and answered questions in clinical and screening interviews for further measurement with scales. Researchers tested the chosen circumplex model with the help of path analysis and chi-square tests and used children’s anxiety or depression and aggressiveness as two dependent variables and family communication as the only independent variable.
The study results section contains descriptive statistics and correlation elements to prove the connection between positive family communication and psychological adjustment to the divorce and identify several socioeconomic consequences on families and children, in particular. The offered tests show that promoting family communication and supportive co-parenting may reduce anxiety, depression, aggression, and negative behaviors in children due to the possibility of predicting conflict with ex-partners, unnecessary quarrels, and offensive words.
In this section, the authors repeat the major research goal to evaluate the role of family communication in adaptation to divorce and support this intervention because families with positive communication skills demonstrate positive family functioning. Parents, who make their decision to divorce, should understand that they put their children’s mental health and well-being at risk, and their support and explanations may reduce psychological maladjustment and the number of negative emotions.
Sbarra, D. A., & Whisman, M. A. (2022). Divorce, health, and socioeconomic status: An agenda for psychological science. Current Opinion in Psychology, 43, 75–78.
When people decide to divorce, they usually have enough grounds and explanations for this step. Modern psychologists pay much attention to the analysis of marital dissolution and its relation to human health. In their study, Sbarra and Whisman (2022) choose two major themes for review: the link between divorce and distal health outcomes and the peculiarities of socioeconomic status in a post-divorce period. This article aims to identify plausible causal pathways and underline the importance of psychological science in examining divorce characteristics. In this brief review, the researchers rely on credible literature and investigate the conditions of divorced adults, especially women, who experience financial problems, loneliness, and adverse health behaviors like sleep disturbance or increased smoking intentions (Sbarra & Whisman, 2022). One of the strongest aspects of the current study is identifying the relationship between social status, health, and family relationships. There is a thought that people with low socioeconomic status have poor health outcomes, and financial problems that lead to this status occur after divorce when individuals start dividing their property and assets. Sbarra and Whisman (2022) want to know why psychological divorce-related experiences contribute to financial and economic problems with time. They use psychological science and analyze intrapersonal and interpersonal resources to manage stress, depression, and other mental health disorders. The end of marriage makes men and women re-evaluate their attitudes towards many things and events, and women find themselves at greater risks than men. People should continue investigating this pathway, where divorce, health, and finances may intertwine.
In a brief introductory paragraph, the authors use statistics to demonstrate the associations of marital dissolution with different areas, including public health risk factors, mortality rates, and physiological changes related to reduced physical activities. People should not ignore the relationship between divorce and health and continue implementing psychological science to learn all aspects of family relationships before, during, and after divorce, identify positive and negative outcomes, and examine gender differences.
This article does not have original research with actual questions and answers but a brief review of 37 peer-reviewed journal articles about divorce and health from the perspectives of distal health outcomes and financial burden. The literature analysis allows to unite psychological issues, personal interests, and socioeconomic factors that emerge after the decision to divorce, integrate research through the prism of several realities, and predict the growth of negative behaviors.
In their study, the authors do not have a separate results section because of the nature of their research and the decision to review the already existing literature and findings of divorce, health, and finances. However, this article discovers that divorced people with increased social integration and the possibility to communicate experience fewer mental health problems and economic challenges due to a high level of support and low loneliness ratings.
The discussion of the importance of identifying the pathway from the end of a marriage to health attracts many current researchers’ attention and raises the worth of implementing psychological science in social and medical projects. The psychology of divorce is a complex issue, and there are many various predictions about how people should cope with its outcomes mentally, emotionally, and physiologically, and social interactions remain integral for stabilization and adaptation.
Ardi, Z., & Maizura, N. (2018). The psychological analysis of divorce at early marriage. International Journal of Research in Counseling and Education, 2(2), 77-82. Web.
Herrero, M., Martínez-Pampliega, A., & Alvarez, I. (2020). Family communication, adaptation to divorce and children’s maladjustment: The moderating role of coparenting. Journal of Family Communication, 20(2), 114–128. Web.
Sbarra, D. A., & Whisman, M. A. (2022). Divorce, health, and socioeconomic status: An agenda for psychological science. Current Opinion in Psychology, 43, 75–78. Web.