The loss of knowledge from long-term memory is referred to as forgetting. We all forget stuff, such as a loved one’s birthday, someone’s name, or where our car keys are kept. As you’ve seen, memory is fickle, and forgetting can be aggravating and even humiliating. For example, being unable to recall the name or remember a coworker’s name is an example of forgetting. Encoding failure occurs when memory loss occurs before the start of the actual memory process. One cannot recall anything that hasn’t been put in his or her mind.
According to interference theory, people forget not because experiences are lost from memory but because most information stands in the way of whatever they want to remember. Research. As an example, the coworker refers to his colleague by a name that is not his. Proactive interference and retroactive interference are indeed the two forms of interference. When materials learned earlier hinder the recovery of materials discovered later, this is an aggressive intervention. For example, a coworker may get the names of the employees mixed up and start calling the other by the wrong word. There was a coworker named Amina and another named Alima, for example. Since he is used to calling Alima by the name Amina and Amina by Alima’s name, he will refer to Alima as Amina and Amina as Alima, confusing as a result of retroactive meddling.
Retroactive interference occurs when later-learned material interferes with the recollection of earlier-learned information (Anderson and Hulbert, 2021). The amount of forgetting varies depending on the type of material taught. People recall information that is relevant better than things that are not, according to Ebbing Hans and others.
Anderson, M. C., & Hulbert, J. C. (2021). Active forgetting: Adaptation of memory by prefrontal control. Annual Review of Psychology.