“The Gloria Films” – Three Approaches to Psychotherapy


The Gloria movies have outlined three approaches: psychotherapists who worked with the same client to handle the same case. It had to be performed in different sessions to discuss the problematic situation that Gloria faced. The theorists included; Carl Rogers, whose point of discussion formed the basis of the person-centered and humanistic approach; Albert Ellis, who had shown interest in the rational emotive behavioral theory; and Fritz Perls, who developed the Gestalt approach

Gestalt Approach by Fritz Perls

Gestalt theory entails the humanistic, universal, and person-centered psychotherapy model and is primarily concerned with an individual’s contemporary life and complex situations. The approach emphasizes the benefit of understanding the personal context of life and feeling the need for being responsible instead of blaming oneself. Perception is stressed n the theory of giving counseling, and it provides attention to how individuals make sense of their world and the experiences they go through in life. Several ideas arose from the theory, and for instance, perception is influenced by familiarity whereby it is a useful method there is the understanding that none can be fully disconnected. The theory also gains focus on the present; in the case of Gloria’s session, the rapport between the two is critical in creating trust and safety for the client. Working through pain is included in the approach; the hard work that an individual applies aims to survive the terrible experiences.

Using the gestalt approach, the affected persons have enough space to discover their experiences without being afraid of getting judged keenly. It encourages the victim to speak about their emotion and the experiences they go through and gives the chance to bring the issues into the room to get examined and analyzed in real-time together with the counselor. The main objective feature of the therapy entails the client getting into partnership and collaborative actions with the therapist to actively increase personal awareness and transform the challenges into a channel of getting healed. The therapy benefits include the increased sense of one’s control, the improved ability to monitor and offer regulation to mental issues, an established understanding of individual needs, increased ability to deal with terrible moments, mindfulness, and lastly emotional awareness.

The Person-Centred Theory by Carl Rogers

The Rogerian theory entails the involved parties acting as equal parties, and the counselor retains the ability to be non-directive. The therapist is not allowed to apply judgment on the emotions and films of the client or even provide directions and solutions. Roger is given the regard of the most impacting psychoanalyst, as they believe that individuals are specialists in their way of life and what they undergo. People pose a self-actualizing behavior and an increased desire to achieve their ability and capabilities to become what they intended to be. Rogers also believes that therapeutic communication and relationship lead to perceptions and long-lasting transformations for victims. Several techniques got used by the mental analyst in trying to provide the necessary condition for the affected individuals (Coleman & Asiri, 2020). It involved using a beneficial and supportive environment, being non-judgemental, and possessing empathetic qualities. The set criteria were used to achieve authenticity and correspondence, categorical positive esteem, and individual understanding. The main aim of the techniques entailed assisting the victims in improving mentally, developing self-awareness, and attaining a different behavior through their direction.

The counselor shows unconditional affirmative respect by accepting and believing the client for being themselves and offering sustenance and care although the individual is facing it. The act of compassionate understanding involves the therapist getting to understand the victim, maintaining an overall awareness and sympathy for the terrible moments together with the point of view. The main objective entails creating a rapport between the two and bearing in mind a clear understanding of facts. The counseling can be applied to victims of psychosis, depression, and mood effects with dementia.

Rational Emotive Behavior Approach by Albert Ellis

The behavior theory entails an action-oriented methodology that majors primarily on assisting clients with illogical beliefs and managing their emotions, mental analysis, and codes more healthily. The primary objective of the theory is to make clients identify and pose their mental ability to alter their beliefs and change their negative mindset to create room for handling problems. The cognition character and emotive actions are connected, and they need a supportive therapist to manage. In addition to understanding the effect of events and different environmental conditions that victims encounter.

Several techniques were used in theory, including the use of the ABC formulae. The model explains how characters blame external events for their hard times. To begin with, A stands for activating action that has a likelihood of causing mental distress and terrible experiences. Secondly, B represents the belief that explains the victim’s thoughts and life situations. The C means consequences connected with certainty and how it affects the victim. The foremost step in the model is identifying and recognizing the beliefs that lead to mental effects. The regular views include the act of being disappointed over blunders performed by others and the idea that one must be flawless and prosperous in all they partake.

Ellis shows that belief can change, and several actions need an application, like disputation. It includes the counselor trying to encounter the irrational client’s certainties by using direct methods. Gaining awareness and altering behavior is another method that entails helping the client understand their feelings and emotions and responding to them more healthily. The perceptions of the approach teach that the victim is commendable for self-acceptance no matter the challenges or struggles, no need to feel guilty. Adverse actions are prone, and they must happen in life, and they should be faced with positivity.

Summary of Gloria with the Theorists

The comprehensive study supports the Rogerian act through specific features of the casual communication style that endorsed the main conditions of the beneficial change. The findings provide specific examples that were drawn from Rogers’s actions. Their argument entailed empathy, unconditional positive respect, and genuineness that were put into action. Gloria’s reliable responses had to give a more detailed and complex analysis to ensure that the problems got solutions.

Having men in the house and moving from one place to another and affecting kids seemed a non-issue, and Gloria began to change their mindset to a positive one of self-acceptance and understanding. Rogers helped Gloria by using the core factors that assisted her to rediscover their hidden potential and understand her value as a human being. For instance, conditional positive regard is evident when Gloria assumes the endorsement of her kid without any ailment and allows the daughter to make mistakes that she may learn from them.

Perls smokes a cigarette in the psychoanalysis description, which makes Gloria light up at the start of the meeting and provides an admission that it is a reaction to nervousness. Fritz approves the I-Thou connecting to the therapeutic association, and the ideology of psychoanalysis has to always focus on confrontation with the issues. The theory does not provide detailed interpretation but offers the victim experimental prospects to discover issues to do with their lives.

For instance, fritz refers to Gloria’s character as phony since she is disconcerted initially and shows off the angry character and feeling that is observed. Perls act by not reacting to her words, but Gloria seems to agree with him. Perls never offered judgment on what Gloria worked upon but waited until the conclusion. Gloria admits that she benefited most from the Perls session. An example is that Gloria lacks to mention her moving leg, but Perls notices the action and brings it into a discussion, helping Gloria understand her actions.

Ellis finally gets the opportunity to speak to Gloria about the major ideologies of sensible thinking and apply them to solving the anxieties concerned with dating and finding a husband material. Gloria seems to grip the ideas that she keeps making undesirable conditions shoddier by catastrophizing them. For instance, Fritz assumes that one should not beat themselves over the head or get assured that you are a failure, just for the reason that one did not accomplish the probable.

The example explains that Ellis identified the character Gloria as feeling unsatisfied with whatever she achieved and kept blaming herself for many issues. The explanation further brings Gloria into the understanding that the mistake that people make is used as learning materials. In addition, Gloria should also get involved in some minor tasks that seem beneficial instead of holding back to ordinary circumstances. Gloria gives recommended that she obtains valuable information from the session.

Gloria’s Connectivity with the Theorists

Gloria connected well with Carl Rogers, despite choosing the Perls as the best theorist. It is evident that Rogers gave a faultless performance and was very empathetic. At the end of the session with Rogers, Gloria commented that she got the required help and that Carl assisted her to discover and understanding herself better. Gloria also wished that Rogers could stand in the place of a father; it is a clear indication that she got the required assistance.

Perls did not connect well with Gloria despite that he got chosen. The session that both had is evident that it affected her life negatively. Most of their conversations were likely to interfere with Gloria’s mood, making her behave strangely. Much of the actions done by Perls included frustrating the victims to enhance their awareness and get their attention, but that was not the case for Gloria since she took it as interference of mood and made her angry. The conversation did not end as expected, but the character was the same, harsh and disturbing.

Perls inflicted pain into the life of Gloria, and it is evident when she confirmed that besides choosing Perls as the best theorist, the interventions he into understanding the problems negatively affected the rest of her life and brought unwanted changes. In most of the actions that Perl performed to understand the actual situation Gloria made her angry and changed the mood. Perls also used Gloria as the human ashtray for which Gloria was bad.

The answer is yes; the Rogerian theory needs to be applied in future scenarios. It is a form of experimental erudition that combines individual change and growth form. The theory emphasizes the importance of gaining knowledge used for analysis and providing informed judgment. The way Carl handles Gloria is evident and it is likely to drag the individual out of the mental distress. The criteria also allow the clients to open up and share their full stories without fear or blame. The theory has to be recommended since it leads to opening up memories that are later changed to positive ones.


Coleman, D., & Asiri, N. (2020). A person-centred communication approach to working with older people who have dementia. British Journal of Healthcare Assistants, 14(11), 575-579. Web.

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"“The Gloria Films” – Three Approaches to Psychotherapy." PsychologyWriting, 1 Dec. 2022, psychologywriting.com/the-gloria-films-three-approaches-to-psychotherapy/.


PsychologyWriting. (2022) '“The Gloria Films” – Three Approaches to Psychotherapy'. 1 December.


PsychologyWriting. 2022. "“The Gloria Films” – Three Approaches to Psychotherapy." December 1, 2022. https://psychologywriting.com/the-gloria-films-three-approaches-to-psychotherapy/.

1. PsychologyWriting. "“The Gloria Films” – Three Approaches to Psychotherapy." December 1, 2022. https://psychologywriting.com/the-gloria-films-three-approaches-to-psychotherapy/.


PsychologyWriting. "“The Gloria Films” – Three Approaches to Psychotherapy." December 1, 2022. https://psychologywriting.com/the-gloria-films-three-approaches-to-psychotherapy/.