Firstly, the article provides a theoretical background on the research question. The authors provide a brief review of literature and studies on the topic of the influence of neighbors on the development of a child since 1990 (Minh et al. 160). Information is provided that the environment including the neighbors, in which a child grows up, has an impact on his further development and wellbeing (Minh et al. 170). The definition of developmental health is provided as a combination of past experiences and an influential element for the child’s future success (Minh et al. 156). In the period up to 5 years, the child’s psyche is receptive and sensitive and the class, gender, and ethnicity of the neighbors can influence the child (Minh et al. 159).
In addition, the article provides information that the place where the events take place matters (Minh et al. 171). Therefore, the development of the child is influenced by external factors including the neighbors and their actions, the place where this happens, and the personality characteristics of the child. In the end, the recommendations are given for further research based on the longitudinal population, referring to the population which is accessed over time to monitor the changes (Minh et al. 172).
The article begins with the introduction of a research method used by the author: systematic research through databases including sources from 2010 to 2016 (Dumont et al. 1694). An analysis of the literature including 46 works is provided, followed by conclusions and discussion. According to the information in the article, music affects children’s perception, emotional, social, and cognitive development, language, memory, academic ability, mathematics, and other skills (Dumont et al. 1694). Thus, music has a great influence on the development of a child and can be used in education and upbringing. At the same time, the author of the article notes that most of the studies cited are incomplete, too broad, and do not provide specific conclusions or analyses (Dumont et al. 1694).
Research has shown that music can also influence empathy, motor skills, and self-esteem (Dumont et al. 1694). The lack of scientific evidence makes the conclusions inaccurate. However, based on observations, researchers are inclined to believe that a child’s development depends on the music he hears. The author recommends using qualitative and quantitative research for further review of the topic, as well as to study the issue in a natural environment (Dumont et al. 1694).
The article examines the impact of depression or anxiety of mothers and lack of food in the home, that is, lack of confidence in nutrition, on the development of mental and cognitive functions of children. The collection of information was carried out in Brazil through the use of questionnaires completed by over 400 mothers (Pedroso et al. 2). It has been found that depression, anxiety, and stress of mothers can affect the development of the child, slow it down and make it difficult to absorb information (Pedroso et al. 9).
Mothers who are worried about a lack of food often do not devote enough time to the child, which makes the child poorly develop social and cognitive functions (Pedroso et al. 9). There are also quotations from existing literature that suggests providing mothers and children with all the necessities for stable living and development. The author recommends the government sponsorship of screening, maintaining mental health and food security to be done to prevent the developmental delay in children (Pedroso et al. 9).
Dumont, Elisabeth, et al. “Music Interventions and Child Development: A Critical Review and Further Directions.” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 8, 2017, p. 1694. Frontiers in Psychology. Web.
Minh, Anita, et al. “A Review of Neighborhood Effects and Early Child Development: How, Where, and For Whom, Do Neighborhoods Matter?.” Health & Place, vol. 46, 2017, pp. 155-174. Elsevier. Web.
Pedroso, Jéssica, et al. “Maternal Mental Health Modifies The Association of Food Insecurity and Early Child Development.” Maternal & Child Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 4, 2020, pp. 1-12.