The perspective suggested by social constructivists allows researchers to discuss various personal issues from the viewpoint of construct creation. Negative beliefs and attitudes can severely affect different individuals, producing destructive behaviour patterns (Sandu & Unguru, 2017). In the case presented, it is possible that both Hector and his mother Carol may be following limiting constructs that alter their perception of reality, thus contributing to their actions. As for Hector, it appears that he views marijuana use is the only potential option of reducing extreme stress, as well as dealing with additional issues. Such a belief might be constraining the young man’s abilities, forcing him to resort to drug application instead of confronting his problems. Considering Carol, it seems that she understands her role as a highly-involved mother, who can only be successful through establishing extensive care of her family. Presuming that a mother should be participating tremendously in her husband and children’s lives may limit her potential and compel her to spend physical and emotional resources on maintaining her relatives’ well-being.
Demolishing established constructs is a challenging task that requires effective use of specific techniques. In the case discussed, it is possible to use cognitive-behavioral therapy to change Hector’s views on relaxation, allowing him to see grades or college participation as a positive activity. Several authors have discussed the benefits of cognitive-behavioral approaches when dealing with negative or limiting beliefs regarding individuals’ lives and customs (Hayes & Hofmann, 2018). Thus, an altered cognitive-behavioral strategy can be implemented when counselling Carol to help her create a comfortable distance between her and her family. This action might also benefit Hector, offering the young man some additional space for recreation.
Hayes, S. C., & Hofmann, S. G. (2018). Process-based CBT: The science and core clinical competencies of cognitive behavioral therapy. New Harbinger Publications.
Sandu, A., & Unguru, E. (2017). Several conceptual clarifications on the distinction between constructivism and social constructivism. Postmodern Openings, 8(2), 51–61.