Personality encompasses emotions, dispositions, and beliefs and thus is most visibly manifested in interpersonal interactions. It entails both natural and developed behavioral features that differentiate a person from another and can be noticed in how individuals interact with their surroundings and social circle. I suppose that personality of an individual is a biological and environmental dynamic interaction. The mentioned concept is supported by the psychoanalysis school of thought. According to Freud’s Tripartite Theory of Personality, a person’s personality is diverse and composed of many different elements. Psychoanalysis comprises three parts: id, ego, and superego. In the narrative The Tokyo Zodiac Murders, the Mental Iceberg longitudinal study is developed to determine and expand the villains, Tokiko, Id, Ego, and Super-Ego (Amelia & Daud, 2020). The independent variable is Tokiko, the dependent variable, while the independent variable was the tripartite theory used to solve the killer’s cases. As a result, the qualitative methodology and the Freudian Tripartite as a psychological component are adequate to reveal the villain’s unconscious personality. Therefore, this paper aims to demonstrate that personality is a biological or environmental dynamic relationship that changes over time. In proving the notion mentioned earlier, the essay utilizes Freud’s Tripartite Theory of Personality.
The examination of personality can be traced back to the initial belief that individuals are defined by their different individual forms of behavior distinct from how they move, communicate, decorate their dwellings, and communicate their desires. Whatever the conduct, personologists are tasked with examining how individuals express themselves differently and ascertaining the roots of these variances. While other branches of psychology explore several similar functions and methodologies, such as attentiveness, cognition, and motivation, personology focuses on how these numerous processes interact and merge to give each individual a unique character, or personality.
Freud’s Tripartite Theory of Personality
An individual personality is multifaceted and consists of multiple components. According to Freud’s renowned psychoanalytic approach, personality comprises the id, the ego, and the superego (Kaplin et al., 2018). These components interact to produce sophisticated human behavior. Each element contributes something distinctive to individuality, and the three combine in patterns that significantly impact an individual. Furthermore, each aspect of personality develops at a separate stage of life. According to Freud’s thesis, certain components of a person’s personality are more primordial and may compel them to behave on their most fundamental desires (Kaplin et al., 2018). Other aspects of an individual’s personality work against these impulses and attempt to coerce a person into conforming to reality’s expectations.
The id is personality’s primal and impulsive element that encompasses all hereditary or genetic components of personality. For instance, the sexual life drive – Eros, which comprises the libido, and the destructive death drive – Thanatos are formed within the id (Kaplin et al., 2018). It is based on the pleasure theorem, which holds that all irrational desires should be quickly indulged, despite the repercussions. If these demands are not met quickly, a condition of uneasiness or discomfort results. Increased appetite or dehydration, for instance, should prompt a prompt endeavor to drink or eat. According to Freud, humans possess inherent sexual urges that are both a component of their animal nature and an active component of the id (Kaplin et al., 2018). Individuals are constantly attempting to suppress it to demonstrate their acculturation. Furthermore, Freud enumerates that humans make an effort to contain this urge, but these puns provide a healthy outlet (Kaplin et al., 2018). Individuals exhibit this vitality through laughter, which civilization and ego welcome.
The ego enhances to balance the false id’s expectations and the actual exterior reality. It is the aspect of personality that is responsible for a judgment call. It works on the realism principle, pursuing realistic means of meeting the id’s desires, frequently relinquishing or deferring gratification to avoid undesirable social implications (Cesar, 2018). The ego considers social conditions and standards, etiquette, and regulations when selecting how to engage (Cesar, 2018). Additionally, the ego releases the tension generated by unfulfilled instincts via secondary reasoning. Finally, the ego attempts to locate an item in the real world corresponding to the visual picture established by the id’s main process (Cesar, 2018). Freud likened the id to a horse and the ego to the operator of the horse. The horse creates the ability and movement, while the jockey offers leadership and direction. Without its owner, the horse is free to roam wherever it would and function as it desires. The rider directs and tells the horse to proceed in the path the rider desires.
The superego combines societal ideals and principles instilled in one by a person’s family and others. It is comparable to morality, which can prosecute the ego by inducing feelings of shame. The superego is composed of two distinct components: awareness and the ego ideal (Kaplin et al., 2018). The conscience contains information regarding behaviors deemed undesirable by parents and the community (Kaplin et al., 2018). These actions are frequently prohibited and result in negative repercussions, sanctions, or emotions of remorse and regret. The ego ideal encompasses the norms and criteria that govern the ego’s activity (Kaplin et al., 2018). The superego constantly attempts to improve and enlighten people’s actions. It strives to subdue the id’s objectionable drives and compel the ego to behave on aspirational rather than pragmatic values. The superego exists in the aware, non-conscious, and unconscious levels of consciousness.
The importance of a healthy psyche is maintaining an equilibrium between the id, the ego, and the superego. A sustainable and balanced personality develops if the ego can balance the needs of actuality, the id, and the superego. According to Freud, a mismatch between these aspects results in a dysfunctional personality. For instance, a person with an excessively strong id may become aggressive, out of control, or even evil. Such a person behaves on their most primal impulses without regard for whether their actions are ethical, desirable, or lawful. On the other side, an excessively dominating superego may result in a highly moralistic and judging mentality. As a result, a person governed by the superego may be incapable of accepting anything they regard as wicked or evil.
Several environmental and biological factors that can affect a people’s personality features and upbringing are discussed herein. First, smaller organizations known as communities form within a geographical place and civilization. These societies are typically comprised of individuals living in the same location and share specific characteristics, objectives, or interests. Community impacts may include mentors, spirituality, and the backdrop of one’s area. For instance, RJ Sampson’s social disorganization theory postulates that unexpected features emerge when people live in communities (Warner & Sampson, 2017). These qualities cannot be anticipated solely based on the inhabitants’ attributes. That is, people affect the overall personality growth of a town. As a result, there is a strong connection between neighborhood and personality.
Individuals from different societies or civilizations will have varying attitudes toward manners and respect. A nice and proper etiquette individual has often had a better upbringing than someone who behaves incorrectly. Certain criteria of decency, appropriate behavior, and ethics culminate in an acquired manifestation of how an individual behaves in various situations. For instance, American society considers it courteous to say please and thank you and write thank you notes after getting a gift. It is considered courteous in Spain to receive others with a peck. Etiquette differs by civilization and hence has various implications on personality growth.
Second, in conjunction with Rogerian humanistic psychotherapy, Freud’s Tripartite Theory illustrates a comprehensive approach that aims to assist patients in achieving a significant shift in their whole view on life. Thus, this is predicated on the premise that the prevailing dysfunctional viewpoint is related to intrinsic personality characteristics. Universal remedies contrast with techniques that are primarily concerned with pain reduction, such as psychological and behavioral strategies, sometimes known as problem-based interventions. Psychoanalysis effectively treats anxiety symptoms such as obsessions, severe anxiety, obsessive-compulsive abnormalities, and post-traumatic stress disorder. The function is to help the individual understand and deal with their id urges or identify the source of their present anxiety in repressed childhood interactions.
Another illustration is that kids encounter numerous confrontations between instinctual impulses and cultural expectations throughout their development. Navigating these tensions successfully may culminate in a fully developed and conscientious human being. If instructors can integrate both phases of development, they can establish a very favorable foundation for kids from the start. Thus, early monitoring and direction can help shape pupils’ traits and characteristics. An educator possesses the potential to shape the country’s future. The id is not in direct relationship with the surrounding world. The other element of the id is that of the suppressed. As the inhibited, the id comprises all those suppressed sensations but remains untouched by time and participates in the physiological id’s specific operations. The superego is the outcome of the id, which represents instinctive self-gratification.
However, psychodynamic interventions are often ineffective for clients suffering from certain anxiety disorders such as fears but may be more effective for general mood disorders. For example, psychoanalysts attribute depression to every kid’s grief upon discovering their separation from their parents during early life. The inability to accept this may predispose the individual to depression or severe depression later. The patient is then encouraged to recall the early incident and unravel its fascinations. Interpretation is handled with extra caution while working with depressed individuals, as their overpowering urge to rely on others is considered. The goal is for clients to decrease their reliance on others and to acquire a more constructive awareness and tolerance of grief, abandonment, and transformation in their life.
Lastly, the surroundings in which a teenager is reared can affect their tolerance and ability to cope with challenges. According to Nuckcheddy’s (2018) study, kids living in more isolated rural areas appear calmer than those living in more modernized metropolitan areas. However, the capacity for patience and tolerance for ambiguity differed dramatically by location, indicating that the atmosphere considerably impacted this attribute. For instance, consider an individual trapped in a lengthy company meeting. Individuals become progressively restless as the meeting progresses. While the id may want folks to leap from their seats and dash to the cafeteria for a meal, the ego instructs them to sit calmly and wait for the conference to conclude. Rather than responding to the id’s primitive cravings, they spend most of the conference fantasizing about devouring a cheeseburger. Once the encounter is concluded, they can search out the imagined item and fulfill the id’s desires practically and suitably.
In conclusion, the purpose of this research was to demonstrate that personality is a dynamic biological or environmental interaction that evolves through time. The essay used Freud’s Tripartite Theory of Personality to demonstrate the concept mentioned above. Freud’s theory gives a framework for understanding how personality is organized and its components function. According to Freud, a healthy personality requires a balance in the dynamic interaction of the id, ego, and superego. While the ego has a difficult job, it is not required to operate alone. Anxiety also assists the ego in mediating between the demands of fundamental instincts, moral values, and the real world.
For instance, when people live in communities, surprising characteristics arise. These characteristics cannot be predicted purely based on the inhabitants’ characteristics. That is, people affect a town’s overall personality development. As a result, the neighborhood and personality are inextricably linked. Additionally, psychoanalysis is useful for treating anxiety symptoms such as obsessions, severe anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. The aim is to assist the client in comprehending and resolving their id desires or identify the basis of their current anxiety through repressed childhood interactions. Psychodynamic therapies are frequently ineffectual for clients suffering from specific anxiety disorders, such as worries, but may be more effective for general mood disorders. Psychoanalysts, for example, ascribe sadness to every child’s anguish upon discovering their parent’s separation during childhood.
Finally, the environment in which an adolescent is raised can affect their tolerance for and capacity to deal with difficulties. However, the ability for patience and kindness for uncertainty varied significantly among locations, demonstrating that the environment significantly influenced this characteristic. Failure to accept this may predispose the individual to develop depression or severe depression in the future. Freud’s tripartite personality theory outlines a situation where the problem is only beginning to be understood. The small signals are merely indicators of a larger issue. For example, teachers can control an individual’s id via counseling, diving deeply into their pupils’ schemas, having substantial inquiry learning methodologies, and cognitive learning concept. This confluence of teaching ideas with changes in the id, ego, and superego will benefit ambitious and sluggish learners. Therefore, the evidence provided within the paper is essential as it provides a basis for further research on understanding peoples’ personalities.
Amelia, D., & Daud, J. (2020). Freudian tripartite on detective fiction: The Tokyo Zodiac Murders. Language Literacy: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching, 4(2), 299-305. Web.
Cesar, B. (2018). Main character’s resistance against traumatic experience in Frances Hudgson Burnett’s The Secret Garden: Freud’s Tripartite Model Analysis. Vivid: Journal of Language and Literature, 7(1), 13-21. Web.
Kaplin, D., Giannone, D. A., Flavin, A., Hussein, L., Kanthan, S., & Young, S. H. (2018). The religious and philosophical foundations of Freud’s Tripartite Theory of Personality. Janus Head, 16(1), 227-264. Web.
Nuckcheddy, A. (2018). The effect of personality on motivation and organizational behavior. Psychology and Behavioral Science International Journal, 9(2), 1-5. Web.
Warner, B. D., & Sampson, R. J. (2017). Social disorganization, collective efficacy, and macro-level theories of social control. In Challenging Criminological Theory (pp. 215-234). Routledge.