A person changes significantly physically and cognitively in middle adulthood. There is a critical transition from considering the time of birth to the remaining lifetime during this period (Berk, 2018). Tyler (2020) notes that changes can be divided into primary aging – those that depend on biological factors and secondary aging – those determined by controlled factors and human behavior. With the simultaneous possibility of their partial control, the changes’ seriousness pushes us to prepare for them.
Among the information about what awaits a person in middle adulthood, several key facts stand out. They include life options narrowing, stability in work, deterioration of many body functions physically and cognitively, and higher adherence to dangerous diseases. However, control of secondary aging is possible and involves physical and mental exercise, abandonment of bad habits, health monitoring, and stress management skills. Lazzara (2020) also notes the importance of social engagement and maintaining contacts to improve well-being. Awareness gives people the opportunity to control and improve their well-being in the future.
Based on key factors and changes, one can offer several recommendations that can significantly improve the well-being of people in middle adulthood. In this period, the importance of taking care of oneself comes to the fore, and if earlier, a person has not acquired habits for a healthy lifestyle, it is necessary to begin immediately. For a younger generation, knowledge makes it possible to do this in advance – to play sports and give up smoking and alcohol. Another essential piece of advice is the planning of regular examinations and consultations with doctors. It is crucial to pay special attention to heart and bone health, and cancer prevention. Finally, the acquisition of mental self-regulation skills, which will support the general condition and help cope with the stress from the changes taking place, will provide significant assistance.
Berk, L. E. (2018). Development through the lifespan (7th ed.). Pearson.
Lazzara, J. (2020). Lifespan development. Maricopa Community Colleges.
Tyler, S. (2020). Human behavior and the social environment I. University of Arkansas Libraries.