Psychology Essay Examples for Free

Psychology Essay Examples for Free

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Newest Psychology Essay Examples

Psychological Disorders

States of Consciousness: Psychology

The most apparent differences between the unconscious and conscious states are manifested in the states of sleep and wakefulness. In addition, EEGs have been shown that some patients with memory loss suffering from neurological lesions cannot consciously recall past events and even such simple information as their names. But they...

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Psychology Ethics

PTSD Among African American Vietnam Veterans

Introduction Over the decades, our comprehension of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has advanced by leaps and bounds. The actual ramifications of this diagnosis initially termed “shell shock,” have become considerably obvious in the years after the Vietnam War. Researchers are still concerned about the effects of lingering stress on Americans...

Personality

Social Identity Theories’ Influence on Self-Perception

Introduction Social identity is an essential element of any complex modern society, characterizing, shaping, and reflecting the processes taking place in it. Social identity as a concept is not new for the social sciences but nevertheless requires a clear definition before any discussion. As a rule, social identity is considered...

Cognitive Psychology

Addressing the Problem of Negative Thinking

Introduction People who tend to dwell on the negative in their lives are often the victims of unfortunate events. There are several fascinating topics to explore in positive psychology, including happiness, attentiveness, flow, and fortitude (Zetsche et al., 2018). Among positive psychology’s well-known topics is the concept of positive thinking....

Developmental Psychology

Children’s Toys and Their Influence on Development

Learning through play is a very important component of a child’s growth. Educational toys tend to help develop problem-solving skills, understand the causes and impacts, and resolve conflicts. Learning through play also helps children determine the importance of sharing. It also promotes creativity and imagination. Children are taught to share...

Psychology Ethics

Resources in the Field of Psychology

Professional Resources An authoritative resource in psychology is the peer-reviewed journal Applied Psychology: Health and Wellbeing (IAAP). This journal is a credible source of information for scholars and professionals in the discipline of psychology because it is managed by the International Association of Applied Psychology (“Applied Psychology Health and Well...

Cognitive Psychology

The Visual Imagery: The Idea of Weapon Focus

Weapon focus remains a popular disruptive mechanism used by criminals to interfere with the eyewitness’s ability to identify them when they perpetrate crime. Goldstein (2015) notes that weapon focus depends on the person holding it. A gun in the hands of a police officer will have minimal interference on eyewitness...

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Behaviorism

The Effectiveness of Obedience and Conformity in Groups

Introduction Human beings are social creatures that follow codes of ethics in every aspect of their interaction. People interact through different platforms such as church and girls scout groups. The degree of obedience ensures a peaceful correlation amongst the individuals during the interaction. Presentation will emphasize the effectiveness of groups...

Developmental Psychology

Cognitive and Psychosocial Development of a Child

The study of early childhood as a stage of human development is of particular value. This is due to the fact that some of the most significant changes occur at this age. Their understanding helps to determine how to work appropriately with children at this stage of life. The period...

Developmental Psychology

Cognitive and Emotional Maturity of Teenagers

Adolescence is a time of increasing freedom and discovery, but it is also a time when teenagers undergo cognitive and emotional maturity. During adolescence, the brain changes, causing a variety of stereotyped behaviors associated with adolescence. Advances in research suggest that dangerous behaviors and poor adolescent decision-making may be due...

Psychological Disorders

“Healing Wounds of Sexual Addiction” by Laaser

Book Summary The book was written by a former sex addict who experienced severe challenges of one of the most basic and instinctive types of addiction. Mark Laaser cannot objectively explain the whole process of becoming a sex addict. He emphasizes that sexual addiction is a gradual process without specific...

Psychological Disorders

Interviewing Techniques in Counseling

Interviews play an essential role in counseling as they help explore problems from various perspectives and identify treatment goals. Through a structured conversation, a counselor gathers information for a more holistic view of the situation, which contributes to building therapeutic rapport (Romanoff, 2021). Therapists can use various interviewing techniques, such...

Psychological Disorders

Symptoms of Stress and Its Treatment

Modern people are subject to an environment where they tend to encounter a considerable level of pressure and challenges affecting their mental well-being. As a result, of being impacted by such factors, people often experience stress which in turn is capable of causing many other diseases. Elderly people are particularly...

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Personality

How Personality Influences Academic Performance

Introduction Personality refers to the distinctive emotions and behaviors, emotions, and actions that distinguish one individual from another. Character is said to emerge from within an individual and stay fairly consistent throughout life. Personality interpretations can concentrate on a wide range of variables, from clinical syndromes for personality characteristics to...

Developmental Psychology

Cognitive Development During the First Three Years of Life

Introduction In the process of perception, with the help of external orientation actions, the child correlates and compares the external properties of objects, highlighting permanent ones. These belongings become sensory samples by the end of 3 years of life. The cognitive process is the transition from using ready-made connections suggested...

Child Psychology

Storybooks Promote Prosocial Behaviors in Children

Introduction Since pre-colonial times, stories have been a part of social and cultural development. They were used by the elders to teach children useful moral behavior. Today, children are exposed to storybooks that contain either reality tales or anthropomorphized characters. This research is important because it compares the impact of...

Behaviorism

Human Behavior: Nature vs. Nurture

Introduction The subject of nature against nurture has always been a topic of heated debates and arguments. However, it is important to note that human behavior is a complex idea, which should not be studied as a whole, but rather on the basis of various aspects. Education and criminology are...

Developmental Psychology

Child Development Issue and Its Management

The case study is on a four-year-old Chinese child; essentially, the child acted more like a 2-year-old. After spending a few months with his grandparents in the family’s homeland, the child had just returned to his parents. Thus, the parents needed collaboration from the teacher to aid them in developing...

Cognitive Psychology

Psychology of Appraisal: Emotions and Decision‐Making

The relation of appraisal tendencies to decision-making has been recognized by many scientists, thus, yielding the need for thorough research. In other words, emotions and an individual’s feelings are able to change one’s judgment, perception, and especially behavior. Overall, a clear understanding of emotional appraisals is crucial to research their...

Family Psychology

Parental and Psychotherapeutic Role in Development of Children With Autism

Annotated Bibliography Becerra-Culqui, T. A., Lynch, F. L., Owen-Smith, A. A., Spitzer, J., & Croen, L. A. (2018). Parental first concerns and timing of autism spectrum disorder diagnosis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48(10), 3367-3376. Web. In the article, Becerra-Culqui et al. (2018) agree that the degree of mental...

Interpersonal Communication

Social and Psychological “Six-Foot Distance”

Usually, people keep a six-foot distance to demonstrate social and psychological distance. They thus show courtesy and respect for the interlocutor without neglecting them. At the same time, such a distance allows you to feel confident in front of the interlocutor. When people hold it, it is usually possible to...

Psychological Disorders

Major Depressive Disorder: Symptoms and Treatment

A 30-year-old woman named Teresa came to see a psychotherapist. During a conversation with a doctor, Teresa showed symptoms of major depressive disorder. Teresa explained that she started sleeping poorly at night, eating more than usual, and crying for no reason. She said she had great difficulty resting, and if...

Personality

Personality Disorder Diagnosis in Social Context

Personality disorder diagnosis does not take into account the social context. Although this does not mean personality disorders do not consider them totally, it is not enough. The diagnosis fails to recognize that people are different, and various social factors can affect an individual’s ability to cope with certain stress...

Psychological Disorders

Transition Period: Making Sense of Life’s Changes

Individuals, as well as organizations, go through a psychological process known as transition. The key to successful change management is not the outcome but rather how individuals let go of the past and embrace the new circumstance. It is critical to guide people through this transition to ensure that everyone...

Human Development Theories

Researching of Piaget’s Four Stages of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget was a twentieth-century psychologist who is most famous for formulating a four-stage theory of childhood cognitive development that is still widely accepted today. Each stage is age-specific and marked by major hallmarks that indicate the development of specific thought-processing abilities. The first stage is sensorimotor, lasting from birth...

Cognitive Psychology

Sensation and Perception: Psychology of Information Processing

The psychology of information processing, that is, the reasoning behind how the individual interacts with the environment, is mediated by two cognitive processes: sensation and perception. Perception should be understood as the process of holistic reflection of an object and its recording in the individual’s consciousness, initiated by a physical...

Psychology Principles

Impactful Dream: An Episode of Sleep Paralysis

Introduction An impactful dream I had recently was an episode of sleep paralysis. Sleep paralysis prevents the sleeper from moving during REM sleep but can happen when waking up (Coon et al., 2022). It also co-occurs with hypnopompic hallucinations that can be pretty confusing and frightening and suffocating (Suni &...

Applied Psychology

Group Therapy and Its Main Stages

The beginning stage of group therapy aims to establish processes, norms, and expectations. During it, members are introduced, the group’s purposes are articulated, and working conditions are explained – thus, the group work begins. This stage is characterized by beginners’ anxiety as they are exposed to a new environment. Competent...

Behaviorism

Intrinsic Motivation for College Major of Psychology

People have different motivations when it comes to acquiring new knowledge. Even students have a wide range of incentives for taking a certain program and working hard on their studies. Therefore, it is of major importance to analyze both intrinsic and extrinsic types of motivation to develop the best strategy...

Social Psychology

Psychopathy and Its Social Origins

This paper addresses the question of the origin of psychopathy as a personality anomaly with a social nature. There are several views on the origin of psychopathy in humans. The point of view expressed in this paper considers psychopathy as a social phenomenon rooted in childhood and social relationships. The...

Personality

Psychology: Nature Versus Nurture

One of the oldest debates in Psychology is that of nature versus nurture, the significance of our genes as opposed to our environment in our development into the people that we are. I believe that although our genetics play a noteworthy role in our growth, determining some of our traits,...

Personality

Applying Psychology to Studying Personality Traits

Introduction Achieving high academic outcomes, as a rule, is the result of a series of efforts made to accomplish this goal. Diligence, innate talents, the ability to allocate time correctly, and sometimes financial capabilities determine educational success. However, in reviewing my own achievements, I can note that personality traits are...

Social Psychology

Personality Disorders of Clusters A and B in Life

Introduction A personality disorder is a personality type or behavioral tendency characterized by significant discomfort and deviations from norms. It involves personal and social disintegration, which causes the individual to experience difficulties in many areas of life. Personality disorders are typified into three clusters, varying in emotional expression and perception...

Personality

Benefits and Limitations of the Group Counseling

Group counseling solves particular problems for which the individual format is insufficient. The group is an artificially created society in miniature, imitating real-life conditions with its relationships, emotions, conflict situations, and priorities. It primarily concerns difficulties in interpersonal communication at various social levels: in the family, at work, at study,...

Psychology Principles

Deception in Social Psychological Research

Researchers sometimes deceive participants in psychological research and experiments on methodological grounds. There are two main objections to methodological deception, related to the risk of causing psychological harm to research participants and violating their autonomy. In my opinion, methods of deception can be used in psychological research without causing significant...

Organizational Behavior

Efficacy of Mind-Body Therapy in Children With ADHD

Advantage of Mind-Body Therapy Over Other Types of Therapies When it comes to the methods of treating ADHD in children, mind-body therapies have proved to provide a multitude of potential benefits. I believe that these needed to be explored more thoroughly and brought to the patients’ attention since that might...

Psychology Ethics

Treating Mood Disorders and Depression

Mental health is one of the most complex issues in medicine as the correct diagnosis is always difficult to identify. In particular, it relates to such conditions as depression and bipolar disorder, which present a problem for doctors to distinguish between them and find the right way of treatment for...

Psychology Ethics

Humanistic Therapy of Depression

The mental health of the population is becoming a topical concern for numerous countries around the world, and, as a result, the need for effective and holistic treatments arises. The field of psychology has a considerable variety of approaches, and one of the most notable ones is humanistic therapy, which...

Organizational Behavior

Yoga as a Non-Pharmacological Intervention for Children With ADHD

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) presents significant challenges in management because of the varied cases among patients and differences among strategies that help relieve the disorder’s symptoms. As suggested by Shrestha, Lautenschleger, and Soares (2020), while there is a pharmacological approach toward the disorder’s management, non-pharmacological interventions aimed at children have also...

Personality

Personality as a Dynamic Environmental Relationship

Introduction Personality encompasses emotions, dispositions, and beliefs and thus is most visibly manifested in interpersonal interactions. It entails both natural and developed behavioral features that differentiate a person from another and can be noticed in how individuals interact with their surroundings and social circle. I suppose that personality of an...

Personality

Chronic Pain Meditation: Reflection

The video of a guided pain management meditation selected for this assignment is titled “Chronic pain meditation | Natural pain relief | Relaxation for pain” and was uploaded by Generation Calm on January 22, 2021. The following link leads to this meditation practice video: *. I completed the 28-minute session...

Developmental Psychology

“The Minnesota Twin Family Study” and “Genetic Study of Genius”

“The Minnesota Twin Family Study” was performed by Thomas J. Bouchard, Matthew McGue, David T. Lykken, Auke Tellegen, and Nancy L. Segal, while the Lewis Terman performed the “Genetic Study of Genius.” In the first study, Bouchard et al. hoped to determine whether monozygotic twins reared apart had the same...

Developmental Psychology

Why the Nurture Approach Should Be Prioritized Over the Nature Theory

Introduction Everyone has heard the saying, “We are what we eat” or “We are products of our environment.” Those sayings suggest that if we think about what we eat and control our environment, or at least our perception, we can steer our destiny. Our parents love us unconditionally and instill...

Developmental Psychology

Development of Emotions and Temperament During Infancy

Emotions and temperament are first observed during infancy and have various manifestations beginning with facial expressions and sounds to the willingness to engage in an activity or avoid it. Thus, the development of emotions and temperament is a gradual process and depends on the level of development of children themselves....

Developmental Psychology

Development Through the Lifespan

What Can Affect a Child’s Development? Human development lasts throughout a person’s life. Socialization is continuous and long-lasting, so there are many factors that influence a person. Influences are felt already in early childhood, in the narrow family circle, and then among other children in kindergartens and schools. Children’s psyches...

Personality

Your Body Language May Shape Who You Are: Analysis of Video

The video named “Your body language may shape who you are” was selected for this particular assignment. In this video clip, a famous TED Talk presenter and speaker Amy Cuddy reveals her best practices in the field of social sciences and psychology. According to Amy Cuddy’s body language studies, shifting...

Psychology Ethics

Potential Concerns in Familiarizing Psychology Working Field

Psychology is essential in the everyday life of people since it can explain why they act a certain way in specific situations and why they experience particular feelings. As a result of many traumas, various experiences, and relationship problems, many people seek professional psychological help. However, while psychologists navigate people...

Organizational Behavior

The Risk-Taking in Children: Reasons and Effects

Adolescents tend to have more risky behavior than adults, which is why they are usually considered ungovernable or even dangerous. There are many examples of such behavior, which often leads to conflicts and negatively influences children’s well-being. In my opinion, while children are prone to risk, it is not their...

Behaviorism

Common Patterns of Social Behaviors

An individual cannot physically control their behavior for 24 hours. Half of the reactions and actions have their own triggers and are performed automatically. In general, people tend to use specific patterns of behavior as they interact with the outside world. Instead of utilizing new ways to respond to a...

Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal Conflicts at Workplace: Types and Resolution Strategies

Introduction Interpersonal conflicts can arise in any interaction between two or more people. Depending on the type of relationship in interpersonal interactions, circumstances may arise that can be called conflict situations. Solutions to interpersonal conflict, therefore, will depend on the type of setting and the nature of the misunderstanding that...

Psychological Disorders

ADHD: Symptoms and Treatment Interventions

ADHD Case Scenario Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental condition that includes not paying attention and distractibility accompanied by hypersensitivity. Patients with ADHD demonstrate a wide variety of symptoms, such as inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ADHD is diagnosed according to the DSM-5 diagnostic standards, which is a complex...

Personality

Adventure Therapy: Specifics and Real-Life Application

One of the modalities that helps people overcome difficulties and facilitate a better healing process is adventure therapy. Adventure therapy is a type of challenging activity that helps one enhance self-efficacy and build on their growth mindset skills. In the video “Adventure in Self-Efficacy: Increasing and Generalizing Efficacy in Outdoor...

Personality

Nature or Nurture: What Shapes the Human Behavior

TED Talk #1: Your Genes Are Not Your Fate In his TED talk, Dean Ornish suggests that human genes can be rewritten through behavior. According to Ornish (2008), healthy habits can positively affect one’s genetic code, with healthy eating, exercise, and positive thinking resulting in better oxygen and blood flow...

Psychological Disorders

Trauma and Abuse: Psychoanalysis vs. Person-Centered Approach

Introduction Over the past years, the notion of trauma has become central to therapy and national well-being, as the publicity and awareness campaigns for mental health currently draw attention to the mental state of the population. For example, speaking of young adults only, Lewis (2019) estimated that nearly every third...

Personality

The Archetypes in Everyday Life

The concept of archetype nowadays is widely known and used, as a rule, to refer to a quality or symbol, which is greater than any of us, but at the same time, is a part of each personality. One of the main characteristics of archetypes is the fact that archetypes...

Developmental Psychology

Stages of Intellectual and Social Development

This work will review the many stages of the intellectual and social development of people. Humans do not reach full mental maturity until their adolescent years or young adult years, in the case of men. While this can be partly obvious, many people keep expecting children to act and think...

Human Development Theories

Nature and Nurture Theories of Child Development

The nature and nurture theories debate relate to two different perceptions or approaches to child development. The primary point of nature theory suggests that child development is sourced from the child’s nature or genetics data (Quinn and D’Onofrio 1). On the other hand, the nurture approach perceives child development as...

Social Psychology

The Concepts of Deviance and Crime

The concepts of deviance and crime are frequently used interchangeably, yet they are fundamentally different. Deviation refers to a rule violation, especially if it violates socially or culturally accepted standards. Deviance, which is nothing more than a public mistake, is often associated with deviations. Crime is an act that must...

Psychology Principles

History of Mental Illness Stigma

The stigma surrounding mental health and illness affects people struggling with mental conditions. According to Mannarini and Rossi (2019), “many persons suffering from common mental disorders may not receive appropriate (therapeutic) social support due to the community’s lack of awareness” (p. 1). In turn, a historical understanding of how individuals...

Social Psychology

Deviant Behavior and the Commitment of Crime

What are some differences and similarities between deviance and crime? The major difference between deviance and crime concerns the fact that the latter is official deviance. Thus, those who commit crimes will inevitably face formal sanctions such as imprisonment or arrest (Goode, 2016). At the same time, deviance may either...

Psychology Principles

Critical Evaluation of the Qualitative Approach

Introduction The critical evaluation aims to discuss the aspects of methodology illustrated in two selected articles by establishing the relationship between the articles and the relevant material from the course. To be able to achieve this purpose, the evaluation shows the writer’s comprehension of the different research methodologies taught in...

Interpersonal Communication

Visual Communication: Research-Based Information Exchange

People use a variety of different communication techniques to share information. However, the type of informational exchange determines how well the source externalizes the data or ideas and how effectively the recipient understands it. Visual communication, as highlighted by relevant research, is a valuable tool that applies to various disciplines....

Personality

Catell’s Big Five Personality Traits

Many theories describe a person’s character, their traits and aim to predict some of the critical life events based on these factors. Catell’s Big Five Personality Traits are “neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness” (Lim, 2020, para. 3). Each of these characteristics is a continuum, which means then any person...

Personality

Resilience and Tenacity as Critical Traits in Social Success

“Only dead fish swim with the stream” – this proverb, familiar to millions of English-speaking natives is metaphorically saying that only a lazy person waits for success without making any effort. The proverb also implicitly warns that a passive stance can lead to symbolic death or failure. There are many...

Behaviorism

Aspects of Personal Behavior Change

The importance and significance of making particular decisions and changing behavior to protect against diseases, viruses and bacteria within the framework of COVID-19 are the following aspects. Thus, the elements mentioned above directly affect the change of different situations, thereby forming an active life position and a positive attitude. Independence...

Behaviorism

Discussion Board: Helping Clients Make Informed Decisions

The most effective way to help Josiah make informed decisions about his sexual behavior is to use motivational interviewing (MI) techniques. In particular, I believe it would be appropriate to use querying about the extremes by asking Josiah what changes will happen if he continues his risky sexual behavior. Such...

Family Psychology

The Six Functions of the Family

First, family legitimizes marriage and provides a regulatory framework for both romantic and sexual attraction. Within this framework, children can be reproduced and socialized to then integrate into society. The family institution also manages the ownership of property and inheritance, where family members are entitled to the possessions of their...

Family Psychology

Issue of Deterioration of the Family

I think that the disagreements between the conflict theory and structural functionalism in regards to the decline of the family unit are understandable. Firstly, it stems from the different ways in which these two approaches view the discussion. Structural functionalism seeks to imbue the family with meaning within society, an...

Family Psychology

Depression and Anxiety Run in the Family

Introduction Depression is a widespread psychological severe disorder, leading to many adverse outcomes. Its pathogenesis is still the subject of controversy among researchers. This paper examines the possibilities of depression and anxiety in one family through the study of literature and applying one of the family theories – Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological...

Behaviorism

Motive as a Predictor of Behavior

Motivation is a powerful concept that is often discussed within the context of behavioral psychology. In its general understanding, the motive is a driving force that pushes an individual toward a decision or an action. In most cases, this effect appears through the perceived alignment of the expected outcome and...

Family Psychology

Baumrind’s Parenting Styles Scenarios

Parenting is a rewarding and yet challenging experience but there are plenty of resources and research available today to help parents deal with most if not all situations. Diana Baumrind, an American clinical psychologist, is famous for her research on parenting styles and the use of psychology in raising children....

Psychological Disorders

Body Language: Nonverbal communication

In his message, which was voiced by King, he condemned slavery, saying that all people should be equal in rights. In addition, the speaker told about the grief and humiliation that blacks are forced to endure. Separately, he stressed that aggression is not the best way to resolve the conflict...

Family Psychology

How Can Attachment Styles Influence Children’s Development

Attachment is a significant component that influences a child’s future abilities. From a psychological standpoint, it is thought that the child’s attachment style has a substantial impact on his or her development (Thompson, 2019). Attachment is a psychological tie that forms between parents and their children throughout their early years...

Psychological Disorders

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the behavioral disorders influencing individuals and their activity. It is one of the most common neurodevelopmental issues in childhood, implying troubles with paying attention, controlling, and spontaneous behaviors. However, ADHD can also be observed in adults causing difficulty at work, at home,...

Psychological Disorders

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Student Mental Health

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the deterioration of people’s mental health. Students are considered vulnerable, and their psychological well-being is an acute issue. Due to the pandemic, authorities have implemented various preventive measures, such as lockdowns and distancing. Social isolation, which is the main principle of disease spread prevention,...

Behaviorism

Disruptive Behavior in Primary School

As presented in the case study, Jonathan often engages in disruptive behavior in the classroom, including interrupting the teacher, walking around the room, and throwing objects. These symptoms are signs that he has a disruptive behavior disorder (DBD). This disorder includes manifestations of destructive, aggressive, oppositional, and antisocial behavior. DBD...

Family Psychology

The Structure and Style of the Family

Introduction Family structure is essential, as all situation in the family’s life is conditioned by it. The number of single-parent families in the United States has grown in recent decades and increased more than twice since the 1960s (Behere, Basnet, & Campbell, 2017). The interviewed one, the Collins family, is...

Psychological Challenges

Mental Health of Children: A Study of Human Rights Violations Through Terrorism

Abstract Throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, the issue of terrorism has been becoming increasingly severe. Nowadays, due to the development of mass media and the Internet, terrorist and extremist acts are growing even quicker than before. Often terrorist acts are used as means of forcing political agenda, governmental changes,...

Cognitive Psychology

The Process of Death, Dying and Grieving

Understanding the grief and dying process is essential in providing the necessary support for overcoming the death of a loved one. According to Dr. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, the five stages that both terminally ill patients and relatives of the deceased follow sequentially constitute denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance (Bregman, 2019)....

Personality

Does Birth Order Affect Personality?

Introduction Personality is identified as a combination of behaviors, perceptions, and mental patterns that develop through time due to environmental and biological influences. The field of humanistic psychology, often known as personality psychology, aims to understand the principles that underpin behavioral distinctions. One of the factors considered possible to influence...

Psychological Challenges

Researching of Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Introduction Contemporary youth is disproportionately exposed to appearance models distributed through the images persisting in social media and advertisements. The standards of looks and beauty transmitted through these communication channels are particularly influential for teenagers and youths who are psychologically vulnerable to external factors. Their self-images are formed under the...

Personality

Racial Essentialism and Anthony Appiah’s Views

The Thesis Few people have noticed that the everyday use and meanings of the word “identity” are essentially new. The last (and most famous) thinker to pay attention to this was Kwame Anthony Appiah. He spoke about this in lectures given as part of the prestigious John Reith Radio series...

Psychological Disorders

Anxiety Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Introduction According to medics and various researchers, anxiety leads to fear and worries about what is about to occur, occurrences such as a child’s first day to school, going for a job interview, and giving a speech before people may make other people nervous and fearful (Legg & Holland, 2020)....

Psychological Disorders

Holistic Approach to Anxiety Disorder

Introduction It is common for people to become anxious, but this grows into an anxiety disorder beyond certain limits. Anxiety disorder, which is a form of mental illness, is prevalent across the United States as people struggle with different stresses in life. The spread of the condition requires various interventions...

Psychological Disorders

Teen Depression and Suicide in Soto “The Afterlife”

Soto, G. (2003). The Afterlife (Kindle edn.). Clarion Books. The concept of death as the complete cessation of existence and the ultimate loss of self has always been viewed as one of the most feared yet undeniably the most curious phenomena. Pondering the nature of death, the ways in which...

Personality

Freudian Interpretation of Dreams

Sigmund Freud was one of the first among those who tried to interpret dreams as an aspect of the human psyche reflecting a person’s secret thoughts, fears, and desires. The psychologist has presented the idea that the sleeping mind hides the specific symbolic meaning in dreams: it disguises dreams because...

Child Psychology

Growth Mindset Considering Spanking Issue

Since their childhood, the majority of people have faced the appraisal of their abilities and talents. It goes without saying that this kind of support is essential, however, at the same time, it may limit individuals’ ability to fulfil their potential and lead to the acceptance of mediocracy (“The Growth...

Behaviorism

What If Video Games Influence Behavior?

The latest video games and systems frequently top gift ideas and dominated the conversation at school and at the family dinner. Nevertheless, parents may be concerned if their child’s conduct is influenced by video games, particularly those that show violence or conflict. It is difficult to draw a clear line...

Psychology Ethics

Gambling Addiction in Elderly Adults: Motivational Interviewing

Introduction Gambling addiction among older adults is a major issue, which is becoming more prevalent in the given age category. Although the problem as a whole is being researched, the specificities of gambling addiction among the elderly are not well-understood. There is a wide range of options when it comes...

Cognitive Psychology

Professional Problem-Solving and Decision-Making

A professional problem solver is a person who can correctly identify a problem and solve it in one of several ways: either systematically or intuitively. The problem is an obstacle to achieving a predetermined goal. The problem solver differs from the ordinary persons by making decisions that remove this obstacle...

Psychological Disorders

Americans’ Mental, Social and Behavioral Health

It goes without saying that help for a community requires a multifaceted approach that includes the investigation of all cultural, environmental, and personal aspects. Thus, for the development of efficient strategies for the improvement of people’s mental health in the United States, it is essential to evaluate the whole situation...

Psychological Disorders

Bipolar Disorder: Mental Health in Social Work

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is characterized by atypical mood swings, energy levels, and the ability to function. Bipolar I disorder is a condition in which the patient experiences constant mania, i.e., overexcitation, enthusiastic inappropriate behavior, manic psychosis, and severe depression. The disease is treatable, and people with...

Child Psychology

How Parents and Teachers Can Release Anxiety in Children

Aydin, U. (2019). Test anxiety: Gender differences in elementary school students. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(1), 21-30. Web. Test anxiety affecting academic performance is a common phenomenon among schoolchildren, especially those whose parents have high requirements for children’s academic achievements. Aydin’s (2019) study focuses on gender differences in test...

Personality

Safety in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs introduces five levels of the individual’s needs, all of which are essential to the proper development and growth. The system implies that the lowest levels include fundamental needs, such as physiological requirements (e.g., food and shelter) and safety conditions (Cherry par. 6). On the other hand,...

Cognitive Psychology

Learning, Memory and Developmental Aspects

Developmental Aspects of Learning The process of acquiring and stimulating the repetition of the information is explicitly dependent on one’s ability to memorize certain phenomena and items. One’s memory works on the basis of neural connections in the human brain. Essentially, one’s ability to remember certain things relates to the...

Schools of Psychology

Psychoanalysis and Freud’s Contribution to It

Psychoanalysis, the beginning of which was laid by Freud, undergoes constant controversy and discussion. Nevertheless, although his ideas endure some modifications, they have a relatively strong influence on psychology. Wanting to understand the causes of mental and psychological conditions and neurosis interfering with a person, he assumed that previous traumas...

Psychology Ethics

Violating Ethical Code of Conduct in Counseling

Breach of Confidentiality Definition and Explanation A breach of confidentiality is a major ethical issue in counseling with critical implications for all parties involved. Confidentiality is a concept often associated with the privacy of client data, which means that a counselor has both a legal and ethical obligation to keep...

Psychology Ethics

Applying Professional Code of Ethics in Counselling Practice

Introduction Counselling practice is characterized by many ethical dilemmas where conflicting professional standards and moral prejudices hinder practitioners’ decision-making. The Psychotherapy and Counselling Federation of Australia (PACFA) and the Australian Counselling Association (ACA) code of ethics assist therapists in safeguarding the welfare of their clients and protect the counsellor from...

Psychological Disorders

Psychology and Its Historical Development

The video suggested for the analysis is devoted to the historical development of psychology. The starting point of this science is believed to be the Pavlov experiment which explored conditional reflexes (Biophily2, 2016). Further, through the investigation of the stimulus, the researchers managed to develop the psychological approach called behaviorism,...