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Personality

The Importance of Using the Research Method in the Process of Studying Personality

The concept of “personality” was developed in order to understand the social nature of a person. It is the most complex mental structure in which biological and social factors are inextricably linked. Interference in this structure, influences on balance and interaction, will necessarily affect the personality, both as a whole,...

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Psychology Ethics

Depression Disassembling and Treating

Summary Treatment has been developed, but doctors cannot say that it is always effective, because the causes of this illness are still being established and studied. This is due to the complex nature of depression, as well as its multidimensionality, which makes it difficult for specialists to find effective ways...

Psychology Ethics

Humanistic Theory by Maslow and Rogers

Humanistic theory is a new stage in considering a person as a character striving for self-development and self-actualization. They assume that the individual is a highly positive and spiritual being, and negative emotions and traits appear under external factors. Two critical psychologists who have contributed to the development of this...

Personality

April 5, 1898: The Case of Sally Beauchamp

According to the website’s Today in the History of Psychology database, April 5, 1898, was the date when Morton Prince, clinical psychologist, made a first successful attempt to hypnotize his patient in frames of treatment (Koch, 2020). It was Sally Beauchamp, a person later supposed to have three independent personalities....

Personality

Personality Test and Its Practical Significance

Personality examinations are evaluations that offer an understanding of vital evidence about contenders, such as their character, morals, and effort predilections. Behavior tests target to contact features of an individual’s temperament that stay stable across circumstances, denoted as their personality. Disposition is assumed as an assembly of responsive, thought, and...

Personality

Counselor-Client Relationships and Influences

Everyone has particular values, beliefs, and attitudes developed throughout the course of their lives. The primary factors contributing to how people perceive the world include friends, family, community, and personal experiences. From working experiences, people can interact with vulnerable individuals or those living with unacceptable behavior. Additionally, different moods affect...

Psychology Ethics

Client Participation in Agency-Initiated Services

The author’s primary research question The author’s primary research question is as follows: “How do potential clients, when confronted with an agency-initiated offer of service, decide whether to accept or decline that offer?” (Altman, 2003, p. 472). The author wanted to investigate what factors (beliefs, perceptions, expectations, or attributions) influenced...

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Child Psychology

Developmental Psychology in Parenting

Attachment parenting Attachment is a lasting psychological bond formed between a child and their parents or primary caregivers. Attachment parenting emphasizes on developing a bond that parents can create with their children. Attachment parenting applies at infancy or an early age from 0-5 years. Attachment parenting promotes quiet alertness, thereby...

Behaviorism

Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory

The Psychosocial Theory invented and proposed by Erik Erikson is recognized as one of the most influential ones in psychosocial development research. It provides invaluable insight into how individuals adopt different attitudes during different periods of their life and depending on their personal experiences and interactions (Walker and Miller 57)....

Behaviorism

Adolescent Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

In the modern world, mental problems are becoming more common, which affect not only adults, but also children. Adolescent Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is explained by disturbances in the psychological and emotional stability of a person. In adolescence and childhood, it can affect the constant demand for attention and the...

Child Psychology

Transference and Countertransference

A few reasons explain why transference and countertransference are typical when working with children. Firstly, transference is present because it is difficult for children to manage their emotions. This situation results in the fact that if a child witnessed a bad or good person in the past, this experience likely...

Behaviorism

Bullying Behavior in Children

Bullying can be described as purposeful and intended aggressive actions that make victims uncomfortable or cause harm to the victims (Nurlia & Suardiman, 2020, p. 7). Causes of bullying can be grouped into three; individual, social, and family causes. Individual causes may be a result of feelings of weakness and...

Child Psychology

Sand and Solution-Focused Therapies

Claudia witnessed the mugging scene, and that experience resulted in fear and anxiety. This information means that social work services could be beneficial for the client. Firstly, Chiesa (2012) stipulates that sand play can be a linking tool between a child and an adult. Social workers can use this connection...

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Behaviorism

How Emotions Motivate Human Behavior

Basic Emotions Emotions are resultant feelings from failure or success of the desired goals. There are six basic emotions: fear, surprise, anger, happiness, disgust, and sadness. Understanding how human behavior is connected to emotions is the best way of motivating human behavior. Many psychologists learn and understand such knowledge, which...

Personality

Aspects of Stress Management

There are various causes of stress, and they predominantly include troubles and challenges, which require significant efforts to cope with them. As for me, I notice difficulties with money, relationship conflicts, significant losses of close people and material things, betrayals, and drastic and unexpected changes in my life. These days,...

Developmental Psychology

“The Medium Is the Massage” by McLuhan

The Relationship Between Design Packaging and Its Contents People live in a world of symbols created by themselves, and these symbols largely affected the way humans perceive this world. McLuhan and Fiore stress that children at a young age are exposed to words and other symbols that “predispose the child...

Organizational Behavior

The Case Formulation Approach to Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

Learning Cognitive-Behavior Therapy The third chapter by Wright, Basco, and Thase (2017) discusses the strategies for assessing patients to decide whether they are suitable for cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT). Furthermore, the authors present the elements that help one to initiate and plan CBT for individual patients. In the first part of...

Developmental Psychology

Observed Behaviors of 10-Year Old Children and Supporting Theories

Introduction The growth and development of a child have a vital role in explaining their social, emotional, physical, and cognitive wellbeing. Various observable traits explain every stage from infancy to late childhood. These characteristics are helpful to parents, teachers, and caregivers in meeting children’s needs that facilitate healthy growth and...

Developmental Psychology

Moral Development: Rationalist and Intuitionist Perspectives

Introduction Since the dawn of civilization and the genesis of the first social, interpersonal connections, the differentiation between the concepts of “good” and “bad” has been a matter of meticulous research and reflection. Eventually, the opposites of this dimension have evolved into the phenomenon of moral justification of actions, or...

Psychological Challenges

Counselors’ Awareness on Modern-Day Slavery in the US

Nowadays, human trafficking still seems to be an unresolved and thorny issue. Burt, the author of the article “Modern-day slavery in the U.S.: Human trafficking and counselor awareness,” states the purpose of providing possible solutions to increasing counselors’ awareness of human trafficking. In other words, Burt explains what counselors should...

Child Psychology

Developmental Psychology and a Movie Character

Introduction Developmental psychology is an area that includes a wide range of disciplines and approaches to the study of human behavior and perceptions throughout the course of life. The purpose of this work is to assess the psychology of adolescents by applying relevant concepts and considering some issues with specific...

Child Psychology

Children’s Adjustment to Divorce: Variability Factors

Introduction The rate of divorce in the world has significantly increased over the past few decades, and children are usually the most affected. Children are usually forced to adjust to the divorce, and there is often variability as there are several factors that affect their adjustment. In most cases, when...

Child Psychology

Children’s Books in Various Therapies

Introduction The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (The Chronicles of Narnia) by C. S. Lewis This is a classic book about four siblings who go through fantastic adventures in a fantasy wonder-world. While playing hide and seek, children discover a portal to the magical world of Narnia in an...

Developmental Psychology

Personal Development From Childhood Through Present Age

The personal development of an individual occurs throughout life. Personality is one of those phenomena that is rarely interpreted in the same way by two different authors. In one way or another, all definitions of personality are conditioned by two opposite views on its development. Despite numerous conceptual and other...

Behaviorism

Practices That Support Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

The article published in Behavioral Disorders discusses the possible ways to provide education for children with or at risk of emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) without detracting from the overall education quality. Zaheer et al. (2019) points out that the most obvious reaction to children with EBD is punitive measures,...

Social Psychology

Social Psychology Concept Overview

Introduction to the concept of social psychology Social influence is social psychology that comprises both deliberate and indeliberate fortitudes to modify individual attitudes, beliefs, or behavior. This theory explains that some individuals are likely to adjust their actions depending on the situation they find themselves in (Gackowski, 2018). Social influence...

Interpersonal Communication

The Interpersonal Deception Theory

Many people tend to engage in deception, whether it is telling a white lie in order to save negative emotions or fabricating existing information to gain an advantage when negotiating for a deal. Some forms of deceptions are socially acceptable while others can be legally, ethically, or morally questionable (Masip...

Social Psychology

Drug Peddling: The Form of Social Deviance

For ages, scholars have tried hard to identify an explanation to social deviance. While the normalcy and naturalness of things goes unnoticed by many, the intricacies involved in the daily conceptualization and attachment of meaning to actions and things remain a controversial issue in the realms of sociological scholarship. For...

Social Psychology

Developing PTSD: Trauma at a Younger Age

Some people are more prone to developing PTSD than others because of trauma at a younger age, like physical assault or major accidents. Such experiences may cause brain hyperactivity, leading to a more vigorous reaction to stress. The condition can also be attributed to genetics, where there might be a...

Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal Interaction Approaches in Latin American and Western Culture

Introduction The common ways individuals of a specific community bond and perpetuate their culture and traditional practices are through language, gestures, interactions, and spoken and written words. According to Nameni (2020), communication is viewed through a person’s cultural lens, and each communicator tends to be ethnocentric when using their native...

Child Psychology

Mental Health Among Unaccompanied Refugee Children at U.S. Border

The selected topic for Strategic Plan is the mental health of unaccompanied children refugees at the U.S. border. As part of global tendencies, millions of refugees, which include underage children and adolescents, are undertaking high-risk journeys in order to flee from poverty, violence, war, persecution, and other adverse circumstances. Due...

Child Psychology

Six Roots of Storyplay Therapy for Children

Storytelling is one of the oldest and most respectful communication techniques in various cultures. In storytelling, the story, through the narrator, captures the attention, brings emotions, and affects the consciousness of the listener via dance, art, play, or music. The listener of the story can create his or her world...

Child Psychology

“Getaway” Spaces: A Break for Children

The purpose of the ‘getaway’ spaces is to give children a break from the impact of group life. It does not imply isolation from the group as a punishment. This is a place where one or two children can relax without interference from other children and at the same time...

Psychology Ethics

Mindfulness Intervention for Ethnic Minority Adolescents

Introduction The majority of the youths are at risk for developing anxiety defects in various environmental settings such as schools and residential areas. Several literature works have investigated the effects of stress disorders and potential intervention measures. Fung et al. (2019) demonstrate that a school-based mindfulness intervention effectively lowered the...

Psychology Ethics

Restoring Hope Counselling Home for Youth

Introduction According to the World Health Organization, about one million lives are lost annually as a result of a suicide mission. The escalating number of deaths due to suicide increases concern about the causes of suicidal thoughts and what prompts people to have such experiences. In WHO studies, it is...

Interpersonal Communication

Narrative Therapy: Managing Grief of Losing a Partner

Introduction Narrative therapy is a psychotherapy treatment that aims to identify and transform the effects of the patients’ concerns and help them reassess their values and skills to address life-challenging events. In this paper, narrative therapy is examined through the lens of grief counseling. This analysis focuses on patient Kelly...

Behaviorism

Behavior Theory: Practice Model Overview

Introduction The behavior model has been pre-eminent in matters regarding social sciences. During the twentieth century, the model became well known by medical practitioners. The model was associated firmly with the advancement of empiricist ideology, first during dogma and eventually in the science field. The model developers include Descartes, a...

Personality

Propensity to Commit a Crime Scale Construction

Introduction The construct of “propensity to commit a crime” refers to an individual’s likelihood to engage in unlawful behavior at any point in their lives. Understanding which opinions held by individuals are linked to their willingness to commit a crime may help the media, government and social workers to approach...

Developmental Psychology

Family Survey for Development of Children

Introduction Dear Families in the eighth year’s old classroom, this letter was created with a request for your support in the understanding and development of children. Families have a significant impact on the development process and perception of children. Each nationality and background have its own cultural characteristics, and because...

Psychology Ethics

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Adults

The study by Kristofersson et al. (2016) explored the implementation of an adapted mindfulness program for adults, having traumatic brain injuries and substance use problems. The authors recruited patients and staff of Vinland National Center to analyze their perceptions of this program. There were four focus groups, of which two...

Psychology Ethics

Nightmares Case Conceptualization Through a Framework of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

The given case conceptualization will primarily focus on a patient, Ms. Cruz, who is suffering from recurring nightmares of hurting her four-month-old son, which severely hinders her daily functionality. The key element of her problem is stress management, which manifests itself in her being unable to control her frustration with...

Family Psychology

Interview with Psychotherapist Amy Morin

This paper summarizes an interview with the psychotherapist Amy Morin, the author of the book 13 Things Mentally Strong Parents Don’t Do, given to Toronto Star. She talked about the methods parents could use to raise mentally healthy and psychologically balanced children. “Helicopter,” or overprotective parenting may have a harmful...

Family Psychology

Attachment Types in Close Relationships

The article outlines two main approaches to the issue of exchange and communal norms within intimate connections. The first approach, interdependence theory, claims that, given that people enter into relationships to satisfy their needs, “our relationship partners meet our needs, and in return, they meet ours” (Ludden para.4). As a...

Psychology Ethics

Studying Path from School to Prison: Theoretical Framework

The present study is guided by two influential developmental theories that explain the way people learn and adopt behavioral patterns they use in their life. Bandura’s social learning theory and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs are appropriate frameworks to explore the path from school to prison many students of color have...

Family Psychology

Couple Separation and Family Counseling Techniques

Introduction Separation refers to people who were previously married but mutually chose to go separate ways. The separation time can be short-term for months or long-term for years. This insinuates that the pair opted to part ways, therefore, they have agreed in unison to discrete their financial obligation, assets, roles,...

Psychology Ethics

The Framing Effect in a Psychological Scenario

Introduction The framing effect represents a cognitive bias in which individuals are tasked with deciding on options that have positive and negative connotations. Therefore, the decisions of individuals are being influenced by the manner in which information is being presented. Moreover, when it comes to equivalent details, they can be...

Psychology Ethics

Individual, Group and Family Counseling Competencies

Summary Counseling is a professional relationship where different individuals, families, and groups meet with a professional trainer to talk about how to achieve goals concerning their career, mental health, and education, among others. In individual counseling, the counselor should establish a relationship with the client that involves respect, compassion, and...

Psychology Ethics

Professional Psychology: Obtaining a Counselor License

Abstract The present paper is dedicated to the analysis of the profession of a psychologist. The critical aim of the paper is to create an algorithm, adherence to which will help obtain a license of a counselor. The algorithm consists of five steps: masters degree, Ph.D., 2000 supervision hours, the...

Psychology Ethics

Advantages and Disadvantages of Multiple Relationships

No doubt, the phenomenon of multiple relationships is one of the most important aspects of a psychologist’s ethics code. Multiple relationships are those, which may occur between a therapist and a patient and extend beyond the limits of professional aspects. Generally, the attitude towards them is harmful, and those relationships...

Psychology Ethics

Continual-Activation Theory of Dreaming

Recently, I have had a dream about how I am winning the international table tennis tournament. I should note here that I tend to follow the expectation-fulfillment theory when interpreting my dreams (Figure 1), and it seems to explain my mentioned dream exhaustively. My friends and I went to play...

Psychology Ethics

Death as the Final Destination

I think the best way to describe my current understanding of death would be to mention that suffering and demise are inevitable. They should be perceived as the inextricable elements of human life that cannot and should not be eradicated from the natural cycle that each of us has to...

Developmental Psychology

Child Development and Environmental Influences

Masarik, A. S., & Conger, R. D. (2017). Stress and child development: A review of the Family Stress Model. Current Opinion in Psychology, 13, 85-90. Web. The first article under consideration is Stress and child development: a review of the family stress model written by authors April Masarik and Rand...

Child Psychology

Abnormal Psychology in Children

Abnormal psychology is an aspect of psychology that deals with studying individuals who cannot adapt to different situations. Abnormal psychology focuses on the physical trait portrayed by an individual to one’s personality or other peoples’ life. For instance, if an individual’s behavior causes harm or disrupts one’s life or others,...

Organizational Behavior

Fundamentals of Psychology: Changing Behavior

A person’s behavior affects how they appear in society’s eyes and how it reacts to them. Proponents of the concept of behaviorism believe that the human body begins to behave in a certain way because it was forced to do so. The behavior that I would like to change is...

Child Psychology

Child Psychology: Children’s Behavior and Communication Style

It is vital to monitor children’s behavior on a daily basis, as this helps to track changes in their behavior. Mainly, it is beneficial when a kid demonstrates challenging conduct as observation helps identify their needs and develop a better understanding of such demeanor. As a result, observation establishes the...

Organizational Behavior

Sensitization, Habituation, and Classical Conditioning

The theory of learning requires the analysis of the correlations between stimuli and reactions. The understanding of these connections helps to identify their role in human life. Sensitization, habituation, and classical conditioning are the learning processes that help to explain human behavior. Sensitization is the learning process associated with the...

Child Psychology

Stress Among Ethnic Minority Adolescents and Mindfulness Intervention

Abstract The purpose of the proposed research is to investigate the effect of a school-based mindfulness-based intervention on stress among ethnic minority adolescents. Preliminary research findings show that mindfulness-based therapies effectively reduce stress, depressive disorders, and other mental health conditions in at-risk adolescents (Bluth et al., 2019). There exist several...

Child Psychology

Television Programs and Children’s Violent Behavior

Summary There have been increasing cases of violence amongst the youth, which has become a pressing issue in many countries, particularly the United States. Given this situation, researchers have sought to come up with explanations for this violent behavior. Obaid et al. (2018) and Şengönül (2017), for example, suggested that...

Organizational Behavior

Psychological Issues Faced by Mars Mission Astronauts

With the innovational advancement in spacecraft and observational technology, there is a growing demand on the cosmonauts resilient to stress and adaptation challenges. Notwithstanding, there are different stages with comparing objectives which incorporate adjusting towards the new space climate, setting productive work systems or schedules, planning for the Mars arrival,...

Behaviorism

Communicative Function of Behavior

Introduction Behavioral issues in children and adolescents preventing them from successful socialization frequently derive from their inability to communicate their current needs. The cases of Michael and Cathy are no exception to the rule, and they can be viewed through the lens of their failure to interact with peers and...

Cognitive Psychology

Personal Constructs Theory on Human Disturbances

Personal constructs theory by Gorge Kelly states that human emotions are affected by an individual’s mood, actions, behaviors, and feelings. Individuals develop personal constructs on how they view the world. Kelly developed four elements in most human disturbances, such as fear, threats, anxiety, and guilt, which play a significant role...

Cognitive Psychology

The Science of Creativity in Modern Society

From the past weeks in the course, many lessons can be drawn from the science of creativity, one of which concerns the environmental conditions that affect the process of creativity. From the creative press, a person can also learn lessons about understanding the kind of creative people, which can help...

Cognitive Psychology

Short-Term Memory as a Psychological Concept

Introduction Memory is the system, which enables to encode, store, and retrieve obtained information over time. It is related to brain functioning and also can be considered as the faculty of it. The use of memory is involved in any human beings’ activity, as it is based on the received...

Cognitive Psychology

The Implicit Association Test: The Behavior of an Individual

Implicit Association Test is a test that aims to discover and measure the implicit bias of a person taking it. In the time of taking the test, a person needs to react quickly and answer questions that divide concepts into two categories (Harvard’s Project Implicit, 2021). Despite people making their...

Cognitive Psychology

Language & Cognitive Processes of Reasoning

The cognitive process of reasoning/knowledge is an essential process related to learning, problem-solving, decision-making, and language. According to Socher et al. (2020), language and reasoning are interrelated processes, with language influencing “analogical reasoning ability” and reasoning “helping to detect new linguistic meanings” (p. 1). The primary functions of reasoning are...

Cognitive Psychology

Definition of Cognitive Psychology and the History of Cognitive Psychology

Background Cognitive psychology studies how people receive information about the world, how it is presented to humans, how it is stored in memory and transformed into knowledge, and how it affects our attention and behavior. Cognitive psychology encompasses the full range of psychological processes, and covers all kinds of behavioral...

Personality

The “Self-Confidence Workbook” by Barbara Markway and Celia Ampel

Self-confidence is a virtue linked to everything people want in life, like success at work, good relationships, a positive sense of self, and happiness. With the help of the Self Confidence Workbook, readers are able to build confidence and accomplish their dreams by developing their self-esteem. Readers understand why self-confidence...

Personality

Emmett Taylor’s Type-A Personality Analysis

This case tells the story of a day in the life of Emmett Taylor who works as an operations manager in a bottling company. When the storm prevents the normal function of the factory and delays supplies, Taylor suffers from stress (Behfar & Bodily, 2015). His frustration is caused by...

Behaviorism

Low Self-Esteem and Unhealthy Relationships Link

Abstract Self-esteem is a critical subject in the context of social relationships. The health of a relationship may depend on the level of self-esteem where high self-esteem improves relationships while low self-esteem degrades them. This relationship has been expressed in many studies, as expressed in the literature review. The current...

Behaviorism

Persuasion and Attitudinal Conflict

For people with attitudinal conflict, direct persuasion may not necessarily be effective. As Maliszewski (2011) highlights, people respond to conflict between their internal and external attitudes by exaggerating the latter to overcompensate. As a result, despite agreeing with anti-smoking messaging internally, smokers would be driven to ignore it and light...

Personality

Service Dogs and Emotional Support

When service dogs are used by the police or to help people with disabilities, their presence in social spaces is not disputable. When they are used to providing psychological help to people with psychological illnesses, their role becomes less obvious. Other assistance dogs, such as therapy and emotional support dogs,...

Personality

Explaining the Global Rise in Singlehood

Introduction Singlehood refers to a situation of being unmarried or not involving relationships based on intimacy. The categories of singles include voluntary temporary singles, younger individuals who have never been married, and divorced people delaying marriage and remarriage (Himawan et al., 2018). The second is voluntary permanent singles, and these...

Family Psychology

Intact and Non-Intact Dual Earners: Stress Levels

Introduction Dual earners refer to the families where both parents work and bring the paycheck home to share out the responsibilities of the household. Single earners on the other hand refer to the families whereby only one parent works and their earnings are used to cater for the household responsibilities....

Psychological Disorders

Borderline Personality Disorder in Silver Linings Playbook Film

Overview of Basis for Treatment There’s so much skepticism around borderline personality disorder (BPD), a mental condition marked by emotional dysregulation and dysfunctional interpersonal relationships. Many films have been used to establish characters with the same state, but no other movie depicts it as Silver Linings Playbook. Furthermore, the two...

Psychological Disorders

Cultural Perspectives on Identity

The term of identity is intertwined closely with the concept of self, which is, in turn, among the key ones in psychology. Also, identity is an object of multiple social, political, and cultural studies that are currently gaining a special topicality on the background of the ever-strengthening globalist trends. The...

Psychological Disorders

Bipolar Disorder in Abnormal Psychology

Patients with bipolar disorder present one of the most interesting populations to be studied from the abnormal psychology perspective. In their article, Duffy et al. (2019) report the outcomes of a two-decade observational and correlational study that aimed to observe the development and psychological maturation of bipolar patients’ children. The...

Psychological Disorders

Psychology of Personal Behavior Change

Human behavior develops with the habits and reactions based on instincts or past experiences and frequently becomes harmful to well-being. The ability to regulate and change one’s actions is influenced by reflective and implicit processes (St Quinton and Brunton, 2017). Consequently, a person can manage their health approaches by addressing...

Psychological Disorders

Conscience and Mental Complexity

Growth in mental complexity contributes to the shaping of conscience through the development of the feeling of empathy. Empathy can be characterized as a state of mental awareness of the feelings and emotions of other people. According to Schalkwijk (2018), the concept of self plays an essential role in this...

Psychological Disorders

Who Is Responsible for My Mental Health?

In thinking about improving the psychological instability treatment framework, the main thing to do is demonstrate who is liable for an individual’s emotional wellness. In the event that nobody is mindful, nobody can be accused; consequently, there is no influence to improve the framework. Individuals experiencing mental problems like sorrow,...

Psychological Disorders

Instagram Use and Psychological Well-Being in Women

Notes Social media has been associated with many negative issues, one of which is mental health. The article states that social media have been responsible for the deprived mental health among the users. The research was conducted on different social media platforms like Facebook, WhatsApp, and other discussion board. Findings...

Psychology Ethics

The Role of Family in Depression Treatment

Introduction It is common knowledge that the health of the body depends on the health of the nervous system. Psychologists do a great job by helping people deal with their worries and fears because sometimes the patients have no one who could be trusted apart from the counselor. Previously, I...

Psychology Ethics

COVID-19 Pandemic and College Students’ Mental Health

I chose an article that discusses the effects of the ongoing pandemic on college students’ mental health. To determine whether to classify this source as scientific or non-scientific knowledge, it is essential to know the differences between the two types. One key distinction is that knowledge obtained through scientific methods...

Psychology Ethics

Margaret Washburn: An Academy Psychologist

Women have always had to overcome great obstacles in science to be recognized. Margaret Washburn is one of such women who have overcome formidable obstacles to work as an academy psychologist. Despite this, however, she has become the first woman who received formal recognition with a Ph.D. in psychology from...

Child Psychology

Physical Punishment as an Ineffective Way to Influence a Child

Unfortunately, in many cultures, physical punishment is still common practice in raising children. Many parents sincerely believe that spanking is the most effective and quick way to educate and influence a child. However, the majority of them do not think about what consequences this may cause. According to Okuzono et...

Child Psychology

Daycare Conflict Scenario and Resolution

The conflict that has taken place in the child care setting is concerned with discriminatory attitudes of one child toward another, manifesting through bullying and name-calling. Steven is one of the child care attendees who regularly calls Jessie, an adopted daughter of a gay couple, derogatory names. This caused much...

Child Psychology

Overcoming Separation Anxiety in Children

Almost all children go through the stage of individuation when they learn to be separated from their parents. Most toddlers quickly overcome separation anxiety and get used to the situation. However, sometimes a child may have problems because of the intense emotional pain and fear he experiences when being separated...

Child Psychology

Television and Its Positive Effects on Children

Many parents perceive television as harmful to their children due to the violence, stupidity, and false images of the TV show. While this fact is correct, parents often overlook that television also positively impacts the development and education of children through educational programs and cartoons that teach children valuable skills...

Applied Psychology

How Do Sports Affect Disabled People Psychologically?

Physically impaired people and their relationships with sports are traditionally associated with rehabilitation periods. Nevertheless, the benefit of sports for disabled people has been proved not only on physical but also psychological levels. Physical activities helped increase muscular strength, improve balance and mobility, and increase maximum oxygen consumption (Valliant, Bezzubyk,...

Applied Psychology

Psycho-Educational Group Proposal

Abstract This counseling group explores the numerous dimensions of a developing female adolescent identity while also encouraging a high degree of self-esteem. Adolescence is a period of life defined by significant identity issues and low self-esteem, especially for females (Pringle et al., 2016). As a result, this 12-week counseling group...

Applied Psychology

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: When Is It Useful?

The rising cases of mental and behavioral disorders across all patient populations call for implementing the appropriate interventions. Mental health experts and researchers have invested time and funds in numerous research projects to determine the most effective treatment options for such patients. In its various forms, cognitive-behavioral therapy has gained...

Psychology Ethics

Psychology: Externalizing Conversation

In the context of present-day developments, psychological therapies and counseling are popular among the broad public. One of the approaches is externalizing conversation, which is considered an effective solution to personal problems. It implies a type of dialogue when a specialist introduces the space between the patient and the problem...

Psychology Ethics

Individual Work with Clients after Family’s Psychotherapy Completion

In the modern world, psychological assistance is an indispensable attribute for achieving a successful and conscious relationship with themself and between family members. Almost every member of society has its psychologist who is engaged in individual psychotherapy and counseling. At the same time, when using family psychotherapy, it is essential...

Psychology Ethics

The Asch Conformity Experiments

One of the characteristic phenomena of human society is conformism. Studies of this phenomenon have been conducted for a long time, and one of them was a series of experiments conducted by the American psychologist Solomon Asch. An article about the study was published in 1951. The psychologist Asch aimed...

Psychology Ethics

Literature Review on Depression

Depression alters one’s mood, making one feel sad and lose interest in people, events, and objects, and thus may cause physical and emotional problems. It may involve treatment in the long run if it persists, which includes medication and psychotherapy. This paper will focus on a detailed summary of other...

Behaviorism

Becker’s Labeling Theory: Advantages and Disadvantages

Introduction Many people have faced various social labels and stigmas at work, in school, and in daily life. These labels are often harmful as they entail a special attitude towards the person, although sometimes they are also harmless. However, while the social origins of labeling, the process of their formation...

Behaviorism

Psychological Science: Social Psychological Constructs

In psychological science, constructs appear to be an effective method for comprehending and analyzing human behavior. This term is used for labeling a cluster of covarying behavioral patterns, and therefore, it presents a mental construction. It is useful for providing an in-depth insight into the cause of commonality of people’s...

Behaviorism

Attribution Theory: Overview and Real-life Application

Introduction Human behavior has always been one of the most mysterious and challenging concepts in terms of justification and reasonable explanation. As a result, there is little astonishment in the fact that many sociologists decided to define the fundamentals of such justification through cognitive science and psychological triggers like motivation....

Human Development Theories

How Childhood Development Stages Affect Adult Life

Introduction Many people do not recall their first two or three years when they were toddlers, but early life experiences are likely to live with them for many years. As such, early learning continue to shape their actions into adult life. While upbringing ordeals one undergoes when growing up characterize...

Human Development Theories

David Elkind’s Theory of Adolescence

Traditionally defined as adolescents’ inability to draw the line between the actual idea that other people have of them and their interpretation of others’ perception of them, adolescent egocentrism is a term coined by David Elkind (Santrock, 2015). The phenomenon is quite common in most adolescent people. In fact, the...